John Macdonald
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John Alexander Macdonald (1815 - 1891)

Sir John Alexander Macdonald
Born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland, United Kingdommap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 1 Sep 1843 (to 1857) in Kingston, Canada Westmap
Husband of — married 16 Feb 1867 in London, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Ottawa, Carleton, Ontario, Canadamap
Profile last modified | Created 24 May 2013
This page has been accessed 11,007 times.

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Preceded by
title created
1st Prime Minister of Canada
1 July 1867 - 5 November 1873
Succeeded by
Alexander Mackenzie
Preceded by
Alexander Mackenzie
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
17 October 1878 - 6 June 1891
Succeeded by
John Abbott
Preceded by
Sir Allan Napier MacNab
11th Premier of the Province of Canada
26 November 1857 - 2 August 1858
Succeeded by
George Brown
Preceded by
Sir Allan Napier MacNab
9th Premier of Canada West
24 May 1856 - 2 August 1858
Succeeded by
George Brown
Preceded by
George Brown
11th Premier of Canada West
6 August 1858 - 24 May 1862
Succeeded by
John Sandfield MacDonald
Preceded by
John Sandfield MacDonald
13th Premier of Canada West
30 May 1864 - 30 June 1867
Succeeded by
Position Terminated


Fathers of Confederation
John Macdonald was a Father of Confederation / était un Père de la Confédération.
John Macdonald is a member of Clan MacDonald.

Sir John A. Macdonald, the first prime minister of Canada, was a lawyer, businessman, and politician; born 10 Jan. 1815 (the registered date) or 11 Jan. (the date he and his family celebrated) in Glasgow, Scotland, son of Hugh MacDonald and Helen Shaw ; married first 1 Sept. 1843 Isabella Clark in Kingston, Upper Canada, and they had two sons; married secondly 16 Feb. 1867 Susan Agnes Bernard in London, England, and they had a daughter; died 6 June 1891 in Ottawa.

Sir John A. Macdonald était un avocat, homme d’affaires et homme politique; né le 10 janvier 1815 (date du registre) ou le 11 janvier (date que lui-même et sa famille célébraient) à Glasgow, Écosse, fils de Hugh MacDonald et Helen Shaw; le 1er septembre 1843, il épousa à Kingston, Haut-Canada, Isabella Clark, et ils eurent deux fils, puis le 16 février 1867 à Londres Susan Agnes Bernard, et de ce mariage naquit une fille ; décédé le 6 juin 1891 à Ottawa. [1]

John A. MacDonald's parents emigrated to Kingston, Upper Canada (Ontario), in 1820. He attended a local grammar school followed by a private school and at the age of 15 began his training to become a lawyer. In 1835 he opened his own firm in Kingston, which specialized in corporate law by the end of the decade. His career from that point forward combined law with business interests, primarily land development and speculation.

In 1843 he married his cousin, Isabella Clark. They had two children: John Alexander, who died as an infant, and Hugh John, who survived. Isabella, however, died in 1857 after having suffered from a chronic illness for most of their marriage.

He began his political career as an alderman on Kingston Town Council. After three years as a municipal politician, he was elected to the provincial Legislative Assembly. He was re-elected from Kingston in seven consecutive elections for the assembly between 1844 and 1867 and in three for the federal house between 1867 and 1874.

In 1867 he married Susan Agnes Bernard. They had one daughter, Margaret.[2]

He died in 1891 and was buried at Cataraqui Cemetery, Kingston, Ontario.[3]


  1. J. K. Johnson and P. B. Waite, “MACDONALD, Sir JOHN ALEXANDER,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 12, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed March 30, 2019,
  2. "Canada Census, 1871," database, FamilySearch ( : 24 October 2018), John A Macdonald, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; citing 1871; citing National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.
  3. Find A Grave: Memorial #2145

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