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John Madison Jr. (abt. 1655 - bef. 1726)

John Madison Jr.
Born about in St. Stephens Parish, King and Queen County, Colony of Virginiamap
Husband of — married 1690 in King and Queen County, Colony of Virginiamap
Descendants descendants
Died before before about age 71 in St. Stephens Parish, King and Queen County, Colony of Virginiamap
Profile last modified | Created 12 Nov 2008
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John Madison Jr. resided in the Southern Colonies in North America before 1776.
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John Maddison, of Stephens Parish of King and Queen, Virginia was born about 1655, the son of Capt. John Madison. He married Isabella Minor Todd before 1683.

John and his wife Isabella are the Great Grandparents of James Madison, 4th President of the United States through their son Ambrose Madison, the president's grandfather. The identification of John Madison and Isabella Minor Todd as the great grandparents of President James Madison comes from Madison’s handwritten genealogy which he names his grandfather Ambrose Madison as the son of John Madison and “Isabella Minor Todd”. [1]

Land Transactions

A land patent dated 24 Sep 1680 was the first record of John Maddison, "the ship carpenter".[2]

On 16 Apr 1683, John MADISON Jr acquired 430 acres on the north side of the Mattopany River and 300 acres was granted John Madison Snr on 18 Mar 1662 at St. Stephen's Parish, New Kent County, VA.[3]

On 23 October 1703 John Madison received a land patent of 80 acres in St. Stephens Parish, King & Queen County, Virginia, on the West side of Mantipike Road, a little below a school house, church road, along Baylor’s line (Patent Book 9, page 564).

On 20 January 1705/06 John Madison (and his wife Isabella) of St. Stephens Parish, King & Queen County, Virginia, sold 300 acres in King William County, Virginia, on Herring Creek to George Purchase. The witnesses were John Walker, Edward Eastham and Henry Webber. Isabella Madison signed a Power of Attorney on 21 January 1705/06 giving a Power of Attorney to Henry Madison to acknowledge her signature on the deed. The witnesses to the Power of Attorney were Edward Eastham and John Madison, Jr., [4]

On March 23, 1705/06, 2000 acres was surveyed for John Maddison and Henry Pigg on the Fork of the Mattapony River. A land patent for said survey to John Maddison and Henry Pigg was prepared and signed in October 1706. [English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records, Louis des Cognets, Jr., (1958), pages 80-89]


Known children of John Maddison and Isabella Todd include:

  1. Catherine Madison Gaines (1683–1760)
  2. Elizabeth Ann Madison Penn (1685 – unknown)
  3. Thomas Madison (1693–1754)
  4. Mary Madison Brockman (1695–1776)
  5. Ambrose Madison (1696–1732)
  6. John Madison (1698-1683)
  7. Henry Madison 1700–1758
  8. Roger Madison 1701–1801

Research Notes

Whether John Madison's wife Isabella was born a Todd has been disputed. According to Madison researcher Robert Allen, Isabella was NOT daughter of Anne Gorsuch and Capt. Thomas Todd whose daughter was named Averilla and married someone else.[5] See Isabella for discussion.

"The Andrea file [what is this?], p. 23, A&B, shows John Madison, (Jr) m. ISABELLA MINOR TODD. to the right he has listed "Elizabeth?" Ambrose (the ? is his). He erred in assuming that her mother was an Ambrose, and that she had been married to a Minor. Proof of this is found in Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, v. II, Gen.Pub. Co., Inc., p. 178:

"Isabella Todd, youngest child, b. in VA 1670; m. John Madison II, was dau of Ann Gousuch, b. at Walkern, Herts, Eng., Mar. 13, 1638/9, d. at 'Toddsbury,' Gloucester Co., VA, between May 24, 1694 and Nov. 10, 1697; m.(1) CAPT. THOMAS TODD, b. at Denton Co, Durham, Eng., d. at sea, 1676; He came to VA Feb. 22, 1653; 30 May 1677, Ann Gorsuch, dau. of Rev. John & and Ann Lovelace Gorsuch, D.D. Ann dau of Sir William Lovelace, Knt. & Anne Barnes; The trace goes on to Charlemagne and of course beyond."
"The Bulk of the influential men in Virginia at the time, were composed of merchants from English cities and ship captains. To this class belonged the first John Madison, who in a patent dated Sept. 1682, calls himself 'Ship Carpenter. He had the following grants: 1658, 300 acres in Westmoreland Co.; 1653, 600 acres on North side of Mattapony River... In Sept. 1682: of 'Saint Stephen Parish, New Kent.' He died before Apr. 16, 1683, since at that time John Madison, Jr., patented--part thereof 300 acres, 'formerly granted to John Madison, Sr., deceased'. This John Madison [Jr] was sheriff of King and Queen co. in 1704. There is a deed on record in King William Co., dated 1706, from John Madison, of St. Stephens Parish, K.& Q Co., and ISABELLA his wife.

In 1714, John was listed as a Justice for King & Queen Co, VA. The John Madison who was sheriff was probably his son John Madison III.[5] On 1 Apr 1717, John obtained 1860 acres with 5 other men at King and Queen County, VA.[2] John died before 24 Mar 1725/26 at VA when a land patent to his son John Madison III called him deceased.[6][5]


  1. digital image of the original pedigree is available through the Library of Congress. It may have been donated to the Library of Congress by Mrs. Mary Madison McGuire of Washington City, who had the original in her possession at the time it was published in the Genealogies of Virginia Families from the William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine VOLUME III.
  2. 2.0 2.1, discussion list, Robert Allen, "John Mad(d)isons of VA," 3 Apr 2000.[1]
  3., discussion list, Margaret Amundson, "Ambrose Madison (Halifax County Virginia)," 13 Sep 2006.[2]
  4. Fleet, Beverly, Virginia Colonial Abstracts. Volume II Genealogical Publishing Company. 2009. page 292)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Robert Allen, "Madisons of Colonial Virginia (Revised)," (article, San Jose, CA, 6 Dec 2002), p 5-6.
  6. Gary Boyd Roberts, compiler, Ancestors of American Presidents, (Santa Clarita CA: Carl Boyer 3rd in cooperation with NEHGS, 1995), p 10; giving d. 1728.

See also:

  • Genealogies of Virginia Families from the William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine. in Five Volumes. Volume III: Heale - Muscoe Genealogical Publishing Company. 2010
  • Source: "Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, v. II, Gen.Pub. Co., Inc., p. 178."
  • “The Madison Family Tree,” Founders Online, National Archives ( [last update: 2016-03-28]). Source: The Papers of James Madison, vol. 1, 16 March 1751 – 16 December 1779, ed. William T. Hutchinson and William M. E. Rachal. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1962, pp. 4–6.
  • Excerpts from Pres. James Madison's personal notes re his beginnings.
  • Find A Grave: Memorial #55453530 for John Maddison II (1658–1725) (memorial only, no gravestone photo).

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Comments: 14

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Where's the reliable source for James Madison birth year of 1755?
posted by Debbie (Costa) Garcia
[Adding this comment retroactively; was not part of the Project's process at the time.]

US Southern Colonies Project adding project management (PMP) and project protection (PPP) as co-manager—xxx.

Please review US Southern Colonies Project-Managed Profiles for more information.

Please continue to manage normally, and review US Southern Colonies Project Editing Guidance before editing.

Are there reliable sources for the changes in birth from 1655 to 1655-1658, and the marriage from 1679 to 1683? Please add citation.
As the person who made the changes is not on the trusted list or a profile manager, I wouldn't expect an answer, you might want to ask her directly.
posted by Robin Lee
Children list s/b updated to reflect Roger (source 5) vs James
posted by Sandy Edwards
Madison-1240 and Madison-15 appear to represent the same person because: same wife and year of death
posted by Steve Hunt
Madison-395 and Madison-15 appear to represent the same person because: they have the same wife (also needs merging). No other info about Madison-395.
posted by Kay (Offutt) Schmidt
Madison-15 and Madison-279 are not ready to be merged because: merge is stuck
posted by Robin Lee
Madison-15 and Madison-279 appear to represent the same person because: 279 is a stub that should just be merged out of existence.
posted by Anonymous Hankins
Madison-984 and Madison-15 appear to represent the same person because: same wife, similar dates, Madison-984 is lacking sources for differences in information
posted by Robin Lee
Madison-658 and Madison-15 appear to represent the same person because: based on comment about relationship with the president
posted by Robin Lee
Madison-582 and Madison-15 appear to represent the same person because: dates are very different, but, based on wife, perhaps these were meant to be the same person.
Madison-607 and Madison-15 appear to represent the same person because: dates are the same/similar, mother is also same/similar (merge proposed)
This profile is older than two other profiles of the same person that are an unmerged match until the dates or their spouse is edited. After merger the remaining profile needs to be merged with this older one.
posted by Anonymous Stringfellow

This week's featured connections are from the War of the Roses: John is 16 degrees from Margaret England, 15 degrees from Edmund Beaufort, 14 degrees from Margaret Stanley, 15 degrees from John Butler, 15 degrees from Henry VI of England, 15 degrees from Louis XI de France, 14 degrees from Isabel of Clarence, 14 degrees from Edward IV of York, 15 degrees from Thomas Fitzgerald, 15 degrees from Richard III of England, 14 degrees from Henry Stafford and 15 degrees from Perkin Warbeck on our single family tree. Login to see how you relate to 33 million family members.