Kate (Malcolm) Lovell-Smith
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Catherine Wilson (Malcolm) Lovell-Smith (1847 - 1934)

Catherine Wilson (Kate) Lovell-Smith formerly Malcolm aka Sheppard
Born in Liverpool, Lancashire, Englandmap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married 1871 (to 1915) in Christchurch, New Zealandmap
Wife of — married 15 Aug 1925 in Christchurch, New Zealandmap
Descendants descendants
Mother of
Died in Christchurch, Canterbury New Zealandmap
Profile last modified | Created 21 May 2014 | Last significant change: 20 Apr 2021
15:13: Anonymous Thompson answered a question about Catherine Wilson (Malcolm) Lovell-Smith (1847-1934) [Thank Anonymous for this]
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Kate Sheppard (1847–1934)

Is it right that while the gambler, the drunkard, and even the wife-beater has a vote, earnest, educated and refined women are denied it?... Is it right... that a mother... should be thought unworthy of a vote that is freely given to the blasphemer, the liar, the seducer, and the profligate? from Is it right? by Kate Sheppard pub.1892 [1]

Kate Sheppard was instrumental in achieving the right for Women to vote in New Zealand, the first self-governing country in the world to introduce universal suffrage and the first country to enfranchise women. Kate Sheppard's work had a considerable impact on women's suffrage movements in several other countries, particularly Great Britain and the United States.

Kate, christened Catherine Wilson Malcolm, was born on the 10th March 1847 in Liverpool, Lancashire, England; the daughter of Scottish born Andrew Wilson Malcolm and Jemima Crawford Souter. [2] [3]

By 1851, Kate's parents had settled in Islington, London, where her father was earning a living as a coal merchant. [4] Her father left the family soon after, emigrating to New York and enlisting as a private in the Union Army. He died an alcoholic in 1862. [5]

Following Kate's older sister Marie Beath, who had emigrated and married in Christchurch, New Zealand, Jemima Crawford Malcolm emigrated with her children, Frank and Robert, Kate and Isabella as cabin passengers aboard the clipper ship Matoaka; arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury on the 8th of February 1869. [6]

Kate married Walter Allen Sheppard on 21 July 1871 in Christchurch, She was 24 years old. [7] They had one son, Douglas Sheppard (1880–1910).

Kate Wilson Sheppard became the most prominent of the New Zealand Suffragettes. She was well-known as a social reformer and writer, believing that women should participate fully in all aspects of society, including politics. She took a great interest in dress reform for women, abandoning corsets and other constrictive clothing, and encouraging others to join her in the new fashion for bicycling. [8] [9]

Kate became secretary of the Ladies’ Association, and became involved with other members of her family in temperance work. In 1885, she became a founding member of the New Zealand Women's Christian Temperance Union. It was soon realised that social and legislative reform concerning temperance and the welfare of women and children would be more effectively carried out if women possessed the right to vote, and the right to representation in Parliament. In consequence, franchise committees were formed in 1887 in local Temperance Unions, and Kate was appointed Franchise Superintendent for the Christchurch branch of the Women's Christian Temperance Union. [10]

In 1895, she became the first editor of the New Zealand edition of the "White Ribbon" - the magazine of the Women’s Christian Temperance Movement. [11]

White Ribbon: for God, Home, and Humanity
In 1891, the Temperance Union presented a petition in favour of women's suffrage to Parliament. It was supported in Parliament by John Hall, Alfred Saunders, and the Premier, John Ballance. A second petition, larger than the first, was presented the following year. A third petition was presented in 1893 for which Kate and her fellow suffragists gathered the signatures of nearly 32,000 women. [12] Nearly two-thirds of all the women in New Zealand cast their own votes in the 1893 General Election, much to the despair of many husbands, afraid their wives would vote for Prohibition. [13] [14]

Immediately after her success in New Zealand, Kate went to England to promote the Suffrage movement there. She returned toward the close of 1895. [15] [16] Speakers at a large meeting to celebrate the Second Anniversary of the Enfranchisement of Women in New Zealand made much of the new power that Women now had to change society for the better in opposing the sale of drink. Kate Sheppard's work on behalf of the women of New Zealand in obtaining the suffrage for them, and her untiring work on behalf of the women of England was mentioned. [17]

Returning to New Zealand in 1896, Kate became co-founder the National Council of Women (NCW), and was elected its first president. [18] She fought for equality in marriage and the right for women to run for Parliament seats. She resigned from the NCW presidency in 1903 due to ill health.

Kate lived to see not only the passing of Walter in 1915 but also the passing of their son Douglas in 1910. Douglas had only been married two years but did leave Kate with her only grandchild – Margaret Sheppard.

Kate's son, Douglas Sheppard died in 1910, her husband Walter Sheppard in 1915. Kate married again in 1925, this time to William Sidney Lovell-Smith; she was 78 years old. William died in 1929.

Kate died on 13 July 1934 at her home in Christchurch. [19] She is buried with her Mother Jemima, and brother Robert Malcolm in Addington Cemetery, Christchurch. [20]

Her legacy is great; by 1925 in New Zealand alone, forty humanitarian Acts of Parliament had been passed since women had gained the franchise. Among this new and ground-breaking Acts of Parliament are the Widows Pension Act, Old Age Pension Act, State Maternity Hospital Act, Juvenile Courts had been established, a Repeal of Contagious Diseases Acts; temperance instruction had begun in schools, female doctors appointed as Medical Inspectors of schools, women appointed as Assistant Hospital Inspectors. Women are now eligible for election to Parliament, to Municipal Councils, Hospital Boards, Charitable Aid Boards, Education Boards and School Committees and there was now an Infant Life Protection Act. [21]

The Kate Sheppard National Memorial, Oxford Terrace, Christchurch, was unveiled on 19 September 1993, by the Governor General, Dame Catherine Tizard, to commemorate 100 years since New Zealand women won the right to vote. A new variety of White Camellia was released named Kate Sheppard [22] and a Memorial Walk in Christchurch Botanical Gardens is planted with white camellias. [23] Kate's image now appears on New Zealand's $10 note.

Kate Speppard - NZ $10 note

Sources

  1. Wikiquote – Kate Sheppard
  2. Birth registered in 1850. "England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:26GN-396 : 1 October 2014), Catherine Malcolm, 1850; from "England & Wales Births, 1837-2006," database, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : 2012); citing Birth Registration, Liverpool, Lancashire, England, citing General Register Office, Southport, England.
  3. Obituary - Otago Daily Times, Issue 22322, 24 July 1934, Page 12
  4. "England and Wales Census, 1851," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:SG18-6DC : 9 November 2019), Kate W Malchol in household of Andrew W Malchol, Islington, Middlesex, England; citing Islington, Middlesex, England, p. 62, from "1851 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO HO 107, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.
  5. "United States Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QJD5-Y6JH : 3 March 2021), Andrew W Malcolm, 24 Jul 1857; citing p. 149, volume 051, Fort Fillmore, , New Mexico, United States, NARA microfilm publication M233 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 25; FHL microfilm 350,331.
  6. Press, Volume XIV, Issue 1818, 9 February 1869, Page 2
  7. "New Zealand, Civil Records Indexes, 1800-1896," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q24V-MJYY : accessed 17 August 2017), Walter Allen Sheppard and Catherine Wilson Malcolm, 1871; citing Marriage, New Zealand, New Zealand, Wellington; registration number 1871/7587.
  8. Our Auckland – How Cycling Helped Kiwi Women Win the Vote by Councillor Cathy Casey pub. 20/9/2017
  9. The Dreamstress - How to dress like a New Zealand Suffragist
  10. Press, Volume LXVII, Issue 14140, 5 September 1911, Page 8 Woman's Suffrage in New Zealand. How It Was Achieved???????? And Who Were Responsible For It.
  11. Papers Past – White Ribbon
  12. N.Z.History - Women and the vote p.6 - Women's suffrage petition 1893 searchable data base
  13. Women who voted for the first time in 1893
  14. [https://nzhistory.govt.nz/media/photo/suffrage-petition-1893 Ministry for Culture and Heritage - image The first sheet of the suffrage petition submitted to Parliament 28th July 1893; Kate Sheppard’s signature appears halfway down the left column.
  15. Evening Star, Issue 9665, 6 April 1895, Page 4 (Supplement)
  16. Lyttelton Times, Volume XCIV, Issue 10761, 26 September 1895, Page 3
  17. Lyttelton Times, Volume XCIV, Issue 10761, 26 September 1895, Page 3
  18. South Canterbury Times, Issue 8504, 25 April 1896, Page 2
  19. N.Z. DEATHS 1934/8184 - Lovell-Smith, Katherine Wilson aged 86 years
  20. Billion Graves - Addington Cemetery, Christchurch, New Zealand
  21. New Zealand Herald, Volume LXII, Issue 19143, 8 October 1925, Page 17
  22. Te Ara - Planting a 'Kate Sheppard' camellia
  23. Christchurch City Libraries - The Kate Sheppard Memorial, Oxford Terrace


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Hi there profile managers!

We plan on featuring Kate as the Example Profile of the Week in the Connection Finder on March 24. Between now and then is a good time to take a look at the sources and biography to see if there are updates and improvements that need made, especially those that will bring it up to WikiTree Style Guide standards. We know it's short notice, so don't fret too much. Just do what you can. A Team member will check on the profile Tuesday and make changes as necessary.

Thanks! Abby

posted by Abby (Brown) Glann
Just a quick note, it is preferred that the featured profiles in the Connection Finder each week have a Profile Manager (as opposed to being orphans) so I added the New Zealand project as manager. If the project wants to pass it off to someone else-that's okay. This isn't a judgement from the Team or anything :-)

Cheers, Abby

posted by Abby (Brown) Glann