Categories: This Day In History March 10 | This Day In History July 13 | This Day In History September 19 | Feminism | Woman's Christian Temperance Union | National Council of Women | Pending New Zealand Categories | Activists and Reformers | New Zealand Suffragettes.
||Kate (Malcolm) Lovell-Smith was a part of the Suffragette Movement.|
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Kate Wilson Sheppard was the most prominent member of New Zealand's Women's Suffrage . New Zealand was the first country to introduce universal suffrage and the first country for women to get the vote,Kate Sheppard's work has had a considerable impact on women's suffrage movements in several other countries.
That anyone devoting a quarter of an hour of calm consideration could possibly think that to deprive 120,000 persons of the right to vote is preferable to running the risk of a few postmasters opening sealed papers, passes my comprehension could a woman be so stupid? - Kate Sheppard.
Catherine Wilson Malcolm was born in Liverpool, England her parents were Andrew Malcolm and Jem Crawford Souter they were both from Scotland .She lived with her uncle, a minister of the Free Church of Scotland at Nairn. Kates father died in 1862, and in 1868 her mother ,Katherine and her two brothers and a sister immigrated to Christchurch, New Zealand.
Kate and her family settled in Christchurch, where Katherine's sister, Marie Beath, was living. Katherine, at the age of 24, married Walter Allen Sheppard on 21 July 1871. Their only son, Douglas, was born at Christchurch on 8 October 1880, she became secretary of the Ladies Association, and was also involved with other members of her family in temperance work.
In 1885 Kate Sheppard became a founding member of the New Zealand Women's Christian Temperance Union.The union realized that proposed social and legislative reforms concerning temperance and the welfare of women and children would be more effectively carried out if women possessed the right to vote and the right to representation in Parliament. In 1887 franchise departments were formed within the local unions and Kate Sheppard was appointed national superintendent of the franchise and legislation department.
In 1891 the Temperance Union presented a petition in favour of women's suffrage to Parliament. It was supported in Parliament by John Hall, Alfred Saunders, and the Premier, John Ballance.Kate Sheppard played a large part part in organising the petition. A second petition, larger than the first, was presented the following year,a third petition was presented in 1893 Kate Sheppard and her fellow suffragists gathered the signatures of nearly 32,000 women to demonstrate the support for their cause. A 270-m-long petition. That year, a women's suffrage bill was successfully passed, granting women full voting rights. In the 1893 election nearly two-thirds of women cast a vote,Kate Sheppard was widely acknowledged as the leader of the women's suffrage movement.
In 1896, Kate Sheppard co founded the National Council of Women, and was elected its first president.She fought for equality in marriage and the right for women to run for Parliament seats.
Kate Sheppard resigned from the NCW presidency in 1903 due to ill health. Her son, Douglas, died in 1910, and her husband, Walter, passed away five years later. In 1925, Kate Sheppard married William Sidney Lovell-Smith who was a old friend. Their marriage lasted four years, until he died in 1929. A year later Kates Sheppard's only granddaughter Margaret, died.
Kate Sheppard died on July 13, 1934, in Christchurch, New Zealand.Her image apperars on New Zealand's $10 note,the Kate Sheppard Memorial in Christchurch was unveiled in 1993 the centennial of New Zealand's passage of the women's suffrage bill.
Addington Cemetery, Christchurch, New Zealand
Together with her Mother and brother Robert
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