||Magna Carta Surety Baron|
William Malet was one of the twenty-five medieval barons who were surety for Magna Carta in 1215.
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Note: See Caution (below)
"William Malet (c. 1175-1215) was one of the sizeable group of rebel barons who were heavily indebted to King John, making the revolt of 1215 in some sense a debtors’ revolt. 
William II Malet was adult by 1196 in the barony of Curry Malet, Somerset, 
William Malet or Mallet, flourished 1196-1215; baron of Curry Mallet and Shepton Mallet, Somerset, was the descendant in the fourth generation of Gilbert, brother of Robert, and the younger son of William Malet of Graville. 
William, the lord of Curry Mallet in Somerset, was the descendant of Robert Malet (d. before 1156), first holder of the barony, and the son of Gilbert Malet, who died in 1194. In 1196 he paid Richard the Lionheart a fine and relief of £150 to enter into his inheritance. 
William Malet, Magna Carta Baron was Sheriff of Somerset & Dorsetshire 
William Malet, Magna Carta Baron, Sheriff of Somerset & Dorsetshire was born circa 1175 at of Dullingham, Cambridgeshire, England. His parents were Gilbert Malet, Baron of Curry Malet b. c 1150, d. c 1194 and Alice Picot b. c 1154 
Malet also had property in Lullingstone, Kent; Great Finborough, Suffolk; Woodmansterne, Surrey; and Curry-Mallet, Kilve, & Sutton Mallet, Somersetshire.
"William’s early career, characteristically for someone of his background and upbringing, had been in royal service. He had accompanied Richard the Lionheart on crusade from 1190 and he had taken part in the siege of Acre in 1191. 
He was in Normandy with King Richard in 1195; in the following year he paid a fine of 100_l_. for livery of his inheritance; in 1204 he paid to the king a hundred shillings for liberty to sue William Evermue for the lordship of Swinton; in 1211 he was appointed sheriff of Dorset and Somerset; and in 1214 he served King John with ten knights and twenty soldiers in Poitou. 
He was appointed sheriff of Somerset and Dorset by King John in 1209 after the two counties had petitioned to have someone local as their sheriff instead of the courtier William Brewer, and he served in the office until 1212. By this latter year he was running into financial difficulties, although the cause of his problems is not clear, and by 1214 he was owing the king as much as 2000 marks (about £1333). In 1214 he entered into an agreement to serve with the king in Poitou with ten knights and twenty other soldiers in return for the cancellation of his debt.
From 1210 to 1214 he was sheriff of counties Somerset and Dorset. 
"William, of Curry Malet and Shepton Mallet, Somerset; fl. 1195-1217; Sheriff of Dorset and Somerset 1211; one of the 25 magnates charged with seeing that the Magna Charta was complied with; married Alice, daughter and coheir of Thomas Basset, of Headington, Oxon, and died c1219." 
Magna Charta Surety 1215, d. c 1216. 
In 1215 he went over to the barons, joining the confederacy at their muster at Stamford in Easter week, and in June was appointed to the Twenty Five. 
When he joined the Barons against King John and became one of the Sureties his lands in four counties were confiscated and given to his son-in-law, Hugh de Vivonia, and to his father in law Thomas Basset, and Malet was excommunicated by the Pope in 1216. He was also fined two thousand marks, but this remained unpaid until after his death, and at that time one thousand marks were remitted, being found due to him for military service to King John in Poitou. 
In the following year Malet took a prominent part on the popular side in the struggle between the king and the barons. He joined the confederacy of the barons at Stamford in Easter week, 1215, and was one of the twenty-five barons subsequently elected to guarantee the observance of the Great Charter. For the part which he took in the events of that year he was personally excommunicated, together with thirty other barons, by the pope. 
William Malet's first wife's identity is still unknown.
Whoever she was, she evidently was the mother of his son, William, and his three daughters. Alice Basset wasn't the mother of William Malet's three daughters.
Dr David Faris found that William Malet's daughters weren't heirs to Alice Basset's sister's estates, whereas her three daughters by her second Biset marriage were. This can only mean that Alice Basset was not the mother of William Malet's daughters.
William Malet had a previously unknown son born much earlier than the Basset marriage, which son witnessed his grandfather, Gilbert Malet's charter. So, it is quite clear now that William Malet must have had an earlier unidentified wife before he married Alice Basset. 
"William Malet had property in various places which might have served as his first wife's maritagium. One such holding was the manor of Finebergh, Suffolk, which later passed in marriage among his descendants to the Lords Lisle, of Rougemont. I haven't yet established how William Malet got that property. Since so many of the Magna Carta sureties were related to the Clare family, that might be a good direction in which to look for William Malet's first wife.
Alice Basset b. c 1184, d. c 1263
He married Alice Basset, daughter of Thomas Basset, Lord Headington and Philippa Malbank, circa 1204 at of Headington, Oxfordshire, England; No issue.
Malet married Alicia, the daughter of Thomas Basset, and his possessions passed to his two daughters, Mabel and Helewise, who became respectively the ancestresses of the families of Beauchamp and Poyntz. 
"Sir William Malet, Magna Charta Surety 1215, d. c 1216, of Curry Malet, sheriff of Somerset and Devon; m. Alice (or Aliva) Basset, daughter of Thomas Basset, who was named in the Magna Charta 1215." 
He died about 1217, aftehaving married Mabel, called also Alice, daughter of Thomas Basset of Headington. She survived him and was married, second, to John Biset. 
"Malet appears to have died only months afterwards in December 1215, for by that time his estates were in the possession of his son-in-law, Hugh de Vivonia.
He appears to have died shortly afterwards, for early in the reign of Henry III his estates are found in possession of his two sons-in-law, Hugh de Vivonia and Robert Mucegros, who are ordered to pay into the treasury a fine which Malet had incurred. 
William Malet, Magna Carta Baron, Sheriff of Somerset & Dorsetshire died circa 1216. 
If William was adult by 1196, it may be assumed that his first marriage took place about then, and his children were born after 1196, and before his marriage to Alice Basset. The date of her marriage, in turn had to be before his death in 1217, but not very much before, because she subsequently demonstrated her ability to bear children, but did not from her marriage to William.
William Malet was survived by his apparently second wife Alice, d. c 1263, daughter and coheir of Thomas Basset, d. 1220, lord of Headington, Oxford and Colynton and Whitford, co. Devon, by wife Philippa Malbank. 
Alice's maritagium, the manor of Deddington, co. Oxford. 
She m. (2) by 1223 John Bisset (or Biset), d. 1241, by whom 3 daughters: Margaret, Ela & Isabel. According to VCH Oxford V 160, Alice Basset's three Bisset (Biset) children were coheirs of Alice's sister Philippa Basset, but not the Malet children; so they must have been children of an earlier wife.)
Monuments of this branch of the family still exist in the churches of Curry Mallet and Shepton Mallet." 
Caution: It is interesting to note that there were five contemporary relatives named William Malet, and they all held lands in England or in Jersey. 
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On 12 Sep 2019 at 04:25 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:
On 4 Mar 2019 at 14:57 GMT Andrew Lancaster wrote:
On 1 Mar 2017 at 07:24 GMT April (Dellinger) Dauenhauer wrote:
William Malet is written WILLIAM MALET by Richardson in Royal Ancestry, Vol Iv, page 3, without the honorific "SIR".
Regardless that there may be more to it than can be covered here, and this era produces conflicting opinions among experts, it is my opinion WikiTree should continue to use "SIR" unless a question in G2G produces changes in the guidelines.
On 28 Feb 2017 at 23:54 GMT Chase Ashley wrote:
On 13 Mar 2015 at 22:42 GMT April (Dellinger) Dauenhauer wrote:
On 13 Mar 2015 at 21:46 GMT Jack Day wrote:
On 25 Jan 2015 at 05:19 GMT April (Dellinger) Dauenhauer wrote:
On 11 Nov 2014 at 17:11 GMT Renee Malloy Esq wrote: