Her father was born in French Canada and spoke French as his native language, so he gave his daughter the French name "Genevieve" (apparently also spelled "Jenevieve"). The front formation shortening is Gen, which sounds similar to the English name "Jane," and is probably the reason that this was settled upon as her American name.
The name "Manaigre" has a bewildering array of variants: "Monagre, Managre, Manage, Menagre."
Jane was born in Green Bay, Brown, Wisconsin, United States in 1825. (1880 Census, p. 152)
In the year of her birth, 1825, she lived with her parents in Green Bay, Wisconsin, then part of Michigan Territory.
In 1832, the Manaigres were living at Fort Winnebago, and Jane was being schooled briefly by Juliette Kinzie, wife of the Indian sub-agent, and famous author of Wau Bun. However, this experiment in schooling the local kids fell through, and she and her sister were sent back to Green Bay for their education. (Kinzie, 274-275)
In 1839, when depositions were taken with respect to the settlement of the 1837 treaty with the Winnebago, the Manaigre family was living in Green Bay again. (Waggoner, 44-45)
Since 1865, she had resided in Alton, Waseca, Minnesota, United States. (Waseca County Herald; 1880 Census, p. 152)
In 1896, she moved to Mankato, Minnesota. (Waseca County Herald)
Her early life was spent on the frontier, first in Green Bay, then for a time at Ft. Winnebago at the Portage in Wisconsin. It appears that she spoke only French, but an attempt was made by Mrs. Juliette Kinzie to set up an informal school at the fort which she attended, as it says in her book:
A very short time after we were settled in our new
home at the Agency, we attempted the commencement
of a little Sunday School. Edwin, Harry and Josette,
were our most reliable scholars, but besides them, there
were the two little Manaigres, Therese Paquette, and her
mother's half sister, Florence Courville, a pretty young
girl of fifteen. None of these girls had even learned their
letters. They spoke only French, or rather, the Canadian
patois and it was exceedingly difficult to give them
at once the sound of the words, and their signification,
which they were careful to inquire. Besides this, there
was the task of correcting the false ideas, and remedying
the ignorance and superstition which presented so formid-
able an obstacle to rational improvement. We did our
best, however, and had the satisfaction of seeing them,
after a time, making really respectable progress with their
spelling-book, and what was still more encouraging,
acquiring a degree of light and knowledge in regard
to better things. ... After a time Manaigre was induced to
send his children to Mr. Cadle's mission-school at Green Bay.
As to her experiences in Mr. Cadle's school or how long she continued on there, it's clear from Rueben Gold Thwaites' observations, that it may not have been pleasant:
"The Indians were either indifferent to the scheme or bitterly
opposed to it, objecting to rigid discipline being applied to their
children. The French also disliked the enterprise, both because it was
a Protestant mission and because it did not accord with their notions
of the fitness of things." (Kinzie, 398 nt. 20)
Since her mother was Winnebago, they followed the tribe for a time, including their exile to Minnesota, but when that nation was forced to move to Nebraska, the Manaigres stayed behind in Minnesota, living in Alton from 1865.
She had three daughters and six sons. (Waseca County Herald)
"Mrs. Jane Wag[g]oner, mother of Mrs. Nettleton, of this city, and of Mr. John Wagoner, of Alton, died last Friday, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. C. Lawrence, in Mankato. Her death was due to neuralgia of the heart from which she had been more or less a sufferer. She had been visiting in Waseca, but returned to Mankato, Wednesday, on account of illness. Mrs. Wagoner was 75 years of age, and leaves three daughters and six sons. She had resided in Alton since 1865, up to four years ago, when she went to Mankato. She was respected and esteemed by all who knew her. She was also one of the very earliest settlers of the state." (Waseca County Herald)
She is buried at Alma City Cemetery, Janesville, Waseca County, Minnesota, USA, Block 3, Row 6, Lot 20. (Find a Grave)
Juliette Augusta McGill Kinzie, Wau-Bun, The "Early Day" in the North-west (Chicago & New York: Rand, McNally & Company, 1873 ).
Linda M. Waggoner (ed.), “Neither White Men Nor Indians: Affidavits from the Winnebago Mixed-blood Claim Commissions, Prairie Du Chien, Wisconsin, 1838-1839” (Roseville, Minnesota: Park Genealogical Books, 2002). Extracted from Territorial Papers of the United States, Wisconsin, 1836-1848. M236. “Special Files of the Office of Indian Affairs,” 1836- 46. “Special File 161” (Roll 41). “Special File 190” (Roll 42). National Archives, Washington D.C., Documents on Microfilm, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Record Group 75).
Waseca County Herald, 1 June 1900.
Find a Grave, Memorial ID: 102812761.
1880; Census Place: Alton, Waseca, Minnesota; Roll: T9_636; Family History Film: 1254636; Page: 152.3000; Enumeration District: 262; Image: 0617.
WikiTree profile Manaigre-13 (formerly Menagre-1) was originally created through the import of The Sammons Family Tree.ged on Jun 9, 2011 by Steve Sammons. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Steve and others.
Source: S2852711167 Repository: #R2852704208 Title: Public Member Trees Author: Ancestry.com Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006.Original data - Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.Original data: Family trees submitted by Ancestry members. Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. Page: Ancestry Family Trees Note: Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5111977&pid=7693
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Jane by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Jane: