Édouard Manet (23 January 1832 – 30 April 1883) was a French painter. He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism.
Édouard Manet was born in Paris on 23 January 1832, in the ancestral hôtel particulier (mansion) on the rue Bonaparte to an affluent and well-connected family. His mother, Eugénie-Desirée Fournier, was the daughter of a diplomat and goddaughter of the Swedish crown prince Charles Bernadotte, from whom the Swedish monarchs are descended. His father, Auguste Manet, was a French judge who expected Édouard to pursue a career in law.
After the death of his father in 1862, Manet married Suzanne Leenhoff in 1863. Leenhoff was a Dutch-born piano teacher of Manet's age with whom he had been romantically involved for approximately ten years. In 1852, Leenhoff gave birth, out of wedlock, to a son, Leon Koelin-Leenhoff.
In his forties Manet contracted syphilis, for which he received no treatment. He also suffered from rheumatism. In the years before his death, he developed locomotor ataxia, a known side-effect of syphilis, which caused him considerable pain. In April 1883, his left foot was amputated because of gangrene, and he died eleven days later in Paris. He is buried in the Passy Cemetery in the city.
Édouard Manet, né à Paris le 23 janvier 1832, était le fils d'Auguste Manet et Eugénie-Désirée Fournier. Il a deux frères, Eugène, aussi peintre et marié à Berthe Morisot, et Gustave.
Il a épousé Suzanne Leenhoff le 28 octobre 1863 à Zaltbommel aux Pays-Bas.
Édouard Manet est mort le 30 avril 1883, au 39 rue de Saint-Pétersbourg à Paris (8ème arrondissement).
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