Giuseppina Marcias (1861–1932) was the mother of the famous Marxist Italian politician and political prisoner, Antonio Gramsci. She married Francesco Gramsci (1860–1937). Francesco was a low-level official from Gaeta.
Parents: Antonio Marcias Corrias, Potenziana Marcias Corrias. They had children:
Francesco Gramsci came to work as registrar in the small Sardinian town of Ghilarza. There, he met his bride, Peppina Giuseppina Marcias Corrias, who was a literate daughter of a local inspector of taxes. She belonged to a local landowning family. Her husband Francesco was of distant Arbëreshë descent, though Antonio mistakenly believed his father's family had left Albania as recently as 1821. Children:
Antonio Francesco Gramsci was born in 1891 in Ales, on the island of Sardinia, the fourth of seven sons of Francesco.
Francesco's financial difficulties and troubles with the police forced the family to move about through several villages in Sardinia until they finally settled in Ghilarza.
In 1898 Francesco was convicted of embezzlement and imprisoned in 1900, reducing his family to destitution.
The young Antonio had to abandon schooling and work at various casual jobs until his father's release in 1904.
During this time, Giuseppina worked as a seamstress and kept the impoverished family alive on proceeds from the sale of a small plot of land.
Antonio Gramsci completed secondary school in Cagliari, where he lodged with his elder brother Gennaro, a former soldier whose time on the mainland had made him a militant socialist.
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