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Gabriel Marion Sr. (abt. 1691 - abt. 1751)

Gabriel Marion Sr.
Born about in St. James, Goose Creek Parish, Berkeley County, South Carolinamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 1714 in Berkeley County, South Carolinamap
Descendants descendants
Died about at about age 60 in St. John's Parish, Berkeley County, Province of South Carolinamap
Profile last modified | Created 14 Dec 2008
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Gabriel Marion Sr. was a son of a Huguenot emigrant (1540-1790).

Gabriel Marion (1691-1751) was the father of General Francis Marion.

Gabriel Marion was born about 1691 on his parents' plantation at the head of Goose Creek, in Berkeley County, English Colony of South Carolina. He was the first-born son of Benjamin Marion and his 1st wife, Judith (Baluet) Marion, both born near La Rochelle in Poitou, western France. The family were French Calvinist Protestant Christians, known as Huguenots. Benjamin and Judith had married in France and had fled religious anti-Protestant religious persecution after French King Louis XIV had revoked the Edict of Nantes (1595) that had given the French Protestant minority the right to practice their religion, in 1685. Thousands of French Huguenots fled their native land in the last half of the 17th Century, often, like the Marion family, first to Protestant-ruled England, then on to English colonies in America.

Benjamin and Judith Marion arrived at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1690. They soon purchased land at the "head of Goose Creek," in neighboring Berkeley County, and established a plantation there. There was already a French-Huguenot refugee community there. On 27 September 1695 a census "List of Huguenots" was taken, including all children, and Gabriel was mentioned along with a sister, Esther Marion, and brother, Benjamin Marion II. [1]

Around 1714, Gabriel Marion married Esther Cordes, his first cousin, as their mothers were sisters: Judith and Esther Baluet, b: Poitou, France. Her father was Dr. Anthony Cordes, a surgeon. The two families had most-likely emigrated together via England. The couple lived in Berkeley County, South Carolina, later moving to Georgetown, South Carolina. They had 6 children: 5 sons and 1 daughter: [2]

  1. Esther Marion, b: 1715, m. (1): John Allston; m. (2): Thomas Mitchell (1752); d: ca. 1765
  2. Benjamin Marion, b: 1716, m. (1): Martha Allston; m. (2): Esther Simons (widow Bonneau) in 1752; d: 20 Sep 1778
  3. Isaac Marion, b: ca. 1718, m. Rebecca Allston ca. 1739; d: 1781
  4. Gabriel Marion II, b: 1720, m. Catherine Taylor; d. 1777
  5. Job Marion, b: April 1730, m. (1): Elizabeth St. Julien; m. (2): Elizabeth Gaillard; d: January 1779
  6. General Francis Marion, b: 25 Feb 1732; m. 1786 to Mary Videau, no children; d: 27 Feb 1795. Adopted a nephew, Francis Marion Dwight, who changed his name to Francis Marion, as his heir.

Gabriel Marion died in 1751 at his plantation in St. John's Parish, Berkeley County, South Carolina.


  1. "The Marion Family," article by Charles J. Colcock, in Transaction of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina, 1909, pp. 37 ff.
  2. See preceding Note.

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Gabriel by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Gabriel:

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Categories: Huguenot Family Members