of North Carolina
US Senator (Class 2)
from North Carolina
Richard Dobbs Spaight
Alexander Martin (1740 – November 10, 1807) was the fourth and seventh Governor of the U.S. state of North Carolina from 1782 to 1784 and from 1789 to 1792. Though he represented North Carolina at the Constitutional Convention, Alexander Martin was born in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, in 1740. His parents, Hugh and Jane Martin, moved first to Virginia, then to Guilford County, North Carolina, when Alexander was very young. Martin attended the College of New Jersey (later Princeton), received his degree in 1756, and moved to Salisbury. There he started his career as a merchant but turned to public service as he became justice of the peace, deputy king's attorney, and, in 1774 and 1775, judge of Salisbury district.
He was a colonel in the Revolutionary War, Governor and Senator from North Carolina. He was Speaker of the North Carolina Assembly, and a graduate of Princeton University.
= Alexander Martin was born circa 1739 or 1740 in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, the son of a Presbyterian minister, Hugh Martin, and Jane (Hunter) Martin. His parents were of Scots-Irish descent. He attended the College of New Jersey (later known as Princeton University), graduating with an B.A. degree in 1756 and an M.A. in 1759.
Date Born: c.1739 or 1740 Place Born: Hunterdon County, NJ
Residence: Guilford County, Rockingham County, Stokes County, NC
Occupation: Merchant, Occupation: Lawyer
He moved to North Carolina around 1760 or 1761 and became a merchant and a practicing attorney in Salisbury (Rowan County). Although he never married, he left a son, Alexander Strong Martin, whom he had publicly acknowledged.
By 1766, Alexander Martin was a justice of the peace and county attorney. In 1770, he was one of several county officials attacked by the Regulators in Hillsborough, and during the next year he was reproved by Royal Governor Josiah Martin for unauthorized negotiations with the Regulators near Salisbury.
In 1773, Alexander Martin relocated to a tract of land along the Dan River in present-day Rockingham (then Guilford) County, North Carolina.
Also in 1773, Alexander Martin was first elected as one of two men to represent Guilford County in the House of Burgesses of the: - 25th General Assembly that met in 1773 - 26th General Assembly that met from 1773-1774
In 1775, Alexander Martin was first elected to represent Guilford County in the: - 2nd Provincial Congress that met in April of 1775 - 3rd Provincial Congress that met in August of 1775
On September 1, 1775, Alexander Martin was commissioned a Lieutenant Colonel under Col. Robert Howe in the 2nd NC Regiment (Provincial Troops). On November 28, 1775, this regiment was placed on the Continental Line. In December of 1775, Lt. Col. Alexander Martin led half of the 2nd NC Regiment into South Carolina to support the Patriot cause in the battle of Great Cane Break then in the famous Snow Campaign against SC Loyalists.
On April 10, 1776, he was promoted to full Colonel over the 2nd NC Regiment. Click Here for a concise history of the 2nd NC Regiment. Col. Alexander Martin was accused of cowardice at the battle of Brandywine Creek, PA, (most historians incorrectly say the battle of Germantown, PA) but he was soon exonerated of these charges. However, he resigned his commission on November 22, 1777 and returned to civilian life in North Carolina.
In 1778, Alexander Martin was elected to represent Guilford County in a special election to replace Ralph Gorrell (already held another office) in the NC Senate of the: - 2nd General Assembly that met in 1778 - 3rd General Assembly that met in 1779 - 4th General Assembly that met in 1780 - elected Speaker of the Senate - 5th General Assembly that met in 1781 - elected Speaker of the Senate - 6th General Assembly that met in 1782 - elected Speaker of the Senate
Soon after Gov. Thomas Burke was captured on September 12, 1781, Alexander Martin was sworn in as the Acting Governor until Burke escaped and returned to North Carolina in January of 1782.
On April 22, 1782, Alexander Martin was elected the fourth governor of North Carolina and he had to give up his seat in the Senate as as Speaker of the Senate. He was re-elected twice and served until 1784.
In 1785, Alexander Martin was again elected to represent Guilford County in the NC Senate of the: - 10th General Assembly that met in 1785 - elected Speaker of the Senate - 12th General Assembly that met in 1787 - elected Speaker of the Senate - 13th General Assembly that met in 1788 - elected Speaker of the Senate
In 1789, Alexander Martin was once again elected by the General Assembly to be the next governor of North Carolina. He again served three terms until 1792.
In 1793, Alexander Martin was elected to represent North Carolina in the U.S. Senate, and he retained this office for one term, until 1799. As an Anti-Federalist member of Congress, he opposed the Jay Treaty but supported the Alien and Sedition Acts.
In 1804, Alexander Martin was first elected to represent Rockingham County in the NC Senate of the: - 29th General Assembly that met in 1804 - 30th General Assembly that met in 1805 - elected Speaker of the Senate
Alexander Martin died on November 10, 1807 and was buried on his Danbury estate in Stokes County, NC.
During the period that Governor Thomas Burke was a prisoner of the British on Sullivan's Island, SC, the Speaker of the Senate, Alexander Martin, became Acting Governor. Martin, born in New Jersey, had moved to North Carolina after first living in Virginia. After his military service in the Continental army, he served several years in the state Senate and was elected governor five times. As governor he advocated establishment of educational facilities, preparedness, and for leniency for former enemies. In 1793, he began a six-year period of representing North Carolina in the U.S. Congress. When he returned to the state, he again served North Carolina in the state Senate.
Governor Alexander Martin, who served seventeen years as a University of North Carolina Trustee, passed away on November 10, 1807. He was buried on his Danbury estate in Stokes County, North Carolina.
Judge Alexander Martin is the son of James Hugh and Jane (Hunter) Martin.
Alexander Martin (1740 – November 2, 1807) was the fourth and seventh Governor of the U.S. state of North Carolina from 1782 to 1784 and from 1789 to 1792.
Although Martin never married he had a natural son (illegitmate), Alexander Strong Martin, whom he always acknowledged during his lifetime as well as publicly stating the relationship in his will.
Child of ALEXANDER MARTIN and ELIZABETH STRONG is: ALEXANDER STRONG MARTIN, b. July 08, 1787.
See also: 1. Wikipedia: Alexander Martin 2. Source: S-382166432 Repository: #R-945798837 Title: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-2005 Author: Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations Inc Note:
3. Repository: R-945798837 Name: Ancestry.com Address: Note:
4. Source: S-382166460 Repository: #R-945798837 Title: Web: North Carolina, Find A Grave Index, 1716-2012 Author: Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. Note:
5. Source: S-382166552 Repository: #R-945798837 Title: U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1700s-Current Author: Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. Note:
6. Source: S-382166592 Repository: #R-945798837 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Note:
7. Wikipedia contributors. (2018, April 16). Alexander Martin. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 00:50, April 22, 2018, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alexander_Martin&oldid=836795134
8. Alexander Martin Papers, North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh, NC, USA. http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/search/collection/p16062coll24/searchterm/m...
9. Re: Family of Alexander STRONG MARTIN - NC By Charles Martin November 18, 2000 at 08:15:12 In reply to: Re: Family of Alexander STRONG MARTIN - NC http://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/martin/11600/
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On 3 Sep 2018 at 10:42 GMT Aleš Trtnik wrote:
Alexander is 31 degrees from Jelena Eckstädt, 16 degrees from Theodore Roosevelt and 18 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.