Reuben Martin was drafted to serve as a Private and fought 2 years in the Revolutionary War under his brother Capt Edmund Martin and his brother Col. John Martin in the New Jersey militia. The three brothers served together for a great part of the war. A lengthy 13-page narrative of his experience from the Revolutionary War pension files is digitally filed. Also served in the War of 1812.
Reuben lived in Sussex county, New Jersey at the time he joined the Revolutionary War. Later lived in Washington county, Pennsylvania, and Brooke county, Virginia, and later in Wayne county, Ohio (from his own testimony at age 85)
Reuben Martin recollected his brother Col. Martin wore a "cocked hat" during the war. In the early part of September 1777 while skirmishing against the British at Brandy Wine Creek, brother Capt. Edmund Martin told his brother Col. John Martin that he (Edmund) had just escaped the engagement with his life. A ball had gone through the brim of his hat and caused a flesh wound to his forehead. The force of the blow had stunned him for several minutes and left him with a feeling of dizziness, but failed to knock him from his horse.
Their New Jersey militia was then ordered to Germantown, Pennsylvania. At that battle, in October 1777, Reuben received a slight wound to his right leg, a ball passing through the calf of his leg, but it healed quickly and he was not long away from the battle. The American troops eventually had to yield the ground to the British, but not until after a most severe fight resulting in about 800 dead Americans and almost an equal number of British soldiers.
In December 1777, Reuben was discharged from the service by his brother Capt. Edmund Martin. He was drafted back into the New Jersey militia in May 1778 and continued to serve until the 15 November 1778. This second tour of duty was served under his brother John Martin, who had been promoted to Captain. Again drafted in June 1779, Reuben served a third tour of duty under Capt. Harbaugh until December 1779. The next year he was drafted for a fourth tour of duty, from June 1780 to December 1780, this time under an officer whose name was Colonel Chambers [or Chamberlin], and Capt Clung.
At the time Reuben Martin gave his testimony (in February 1834 at the age of 85 years) to obtain his pension, he described himself as "very old, decrepit, poor and living by the charity of friends" and all he can do in support of himself is to make a few "Indian Splint-Brooms" which he carried on his back to try and sell.
On his behalf, John Faulk wrote a letter to the War Pension Dept describing the Martin family: "[Reuben] is now 85 years of age and upward. His son Capt. Absalom Martin was a brave and active officer in the last war [War of 1812]. The Martin family are and always have been fine, patriotic Friends of our Country, and the Friends of Humanity." Reuben was granted his pension.
↑ Source: #S24 "Reuben Martin - Revolutionary Soldier" Online: <freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~familytrails/Peak%20Cemetery%20Pictures/reubin_martin.htm> which got its information from "Steingraber - Sorensen Tree" online. This page says Reuben was born in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey, and died at Jeromesville, Wayne, Ohio. The same dates and places are found on the "Long Island Genealogy Surname Database" at http://longislandgenealogy.com/gird/fam03973.htm, with no author given.
Source: S-2118774189 Repository: #R-2145025786 Family Data Collection - Births. Author: Edmund West, comp. Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001. Note: APID: 1,5769::0
Source: S-2123128525 Repository: #R-2145025786 Public Member Trees. Ancestry.com. Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006.Original data - Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.
WikiTree profile Martin-7428 created through the import of Callahan, Wiley, Plotner, Powell Family Tree - 2009.ged on Dec 2, 2011 by Ron Callahan. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Ron and others.
WikiTree profile Martin-9758 created through the import of Morrison Lineage.ged on Aug 11, 2012 by Lana Archibald. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Lana and others.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Reuben by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: