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Joseph Lynch Martin Sr (abt. 1700 - 1762)

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Capt. Joseph Lynch Martin Sr
Born about in Bristol, Somerset, Englandmap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Son of [uncertain] and [uncertain]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married 1736 in Charlotteville, Albermarle, Virginiamap
Husband of — married 28 Jun 1754 in Spotsylvania, Spotsylvania, Virginiamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle, British Colonial Americamap
Profile last modified 30 Aug 2019 | Created 31 May 2011 | Last significant change: 30 Aug 2019
14:23: Kathie (Parks) Forbes posted a message on the page for Joseph Lynch Martin Sr (abt.1700-1762). [Thank Kathie for this]
This page has been accessed 4,356 times.


Joseph Martin, the youngest child of William Martin is our ancestor, progenitor and emigrant. Joseph was born ca 1700 and is believed to have sailed to Virginia from Bristol, England on one of his father's ships, the “Brice” about 1730. Note: there is no documentation for a middle name of ‘Lynch’ [1] The story goes that the father, William Martin, was dissatisfied with Joseph's engagement and intended marriage. William felt that Joseph was preparing to marry below the family's social class. Therefore, William decided to send his son Joseph to the New World on one of his ships so that the romance would cool down and hopefully dissolve. Joseph did what his father asked. He sailed to the colonies landing in Virginia. Joseph seems to have been given to "tender passion for soon after his arrival to the English Colonies in Virginia he fell in love with and married Susannah Chiles in King William County, Virginia ca 1732. [2]

Susannah Chiles was the daughter of John Chiles and Eleanor Webber Chiles, respectable plantation owners and worthy planters from King William County, Virginia. John Chiles was descended from one of the oldest families in the province and had a large family of mostly daughters. Joseph's father eventually heard of his marriage to Susannah Chiles and became so outraged that he disinherited him (the English aristocracy considered the colonists as inferior). Needless to say, Joseph did not return to England to negotiate with his father. [3] There is no actual evidence for this romantic story, although Joseph did marry Susannah, descendant of two prominent Virginia families, and they named one son "Brice," and another "William." Joseph Martin, Sr. and his wife Susannah were among the first settlers of Albemarle County, VA. [4] Deeds refer to Joseph as ‘Captain,’ but no record of military service has been found.

Susannah died about 1754 and Joseph married widow Ann Sandige Pulliam. [5] . In his will, written in 1760, Joseph left hundreds of acres of land and named wife Ann, sons Brice, William, Joseph, John, and George, and daughters Susannah, Ann, Mary, Olive, and Sarah. [6] There was believed to be another daughter, Martha, not named in the will so she probably died in childhood. Joseph died in Albemarle County. His will, dated Dec. 3, 1760 was probated January 14, 1762. [7] It was said that he was a genuine Englishman, possessing characteristics of arrogance and self-importance. He was bold, self-willed, fun of pride and had the highest sense of honor. Joseph and Susannah Chiles Martin had eleven (11) children [8]

  • Martha ??
  • Brice Martin b ca 1737, married Unity Barksdale and Rachel Lucas
  • William Martin b ea 1738
  • George Martin b ca 1739, married Mary (Molly) Durrett
  • Joseph Martin, Jr. b September 18, 1740, married 1st Sara Lucas ca 1762 and 2nd Susannah Graves ca 1784
  • Susannah Martin b ca 1744
  • Mary Martin b ca 1746, married John Hammack
  • Sarah Martin b ca 1747, married Thomas Burris
  • Ann Martin b ca 1751
  • John Martin b ca 1752, m Susannah Emory
  • Olive Martin b ca 1754, married Ambrose Edwards

Note: Children’s dates are unconfirmed.

  • Fact: will ((Will Pro.) 14Jan1762) Frederickville Parish, Louisa Co., Va.
  • Fact: Burial Albemarle, Virginia, United States
  • Fact: Capt Joseph Martin, Sr.....

Will: Albemarle County Will Book 2 Page 112. December 3, 1760 January 14, 1762 Will of Joseph Martin of Albemarle County, Virginia To my present wife, Ann Martin, Negro man Ben, Negro woman Lou and girl Temp, during her natural life and no longer, the said girl Temp to be at her disposal forever. I give all of the tract of land I live on to my wife Ann Martin during her natural life and no longer, and at my wife's decease, I give and bequeath unto my son Brice Martin part of the said tract of land to be divided and beginning at the mouth of Stony Creek, and to the back lines and down to the river. Brice to have Manor Plantation, and the rest to son William Martin. Son Joseph Martin 300 Acres. Son John 300 Acres. I give my son, Joseph all my rights and title to my land along Goose Creek on the branch of the Pertomich River (Potomic) I have in partnership with Col. Francis Warner living in Essex County. To my daughter Susannah Martin, 200 Acres on Rocky Creek, and if she die without heir to Susannah Chiles Hammack, daughter of John Hammack and Mary Hammack his wife. To my daughter Susannah Martin, Negro girl and choice of featherbeds and furniture. Also her choice of 200 Acres of land in the tract mentioned before. To my daughter Mary Hammack, Negro girl Parthenia, and second choice of featherbeds and furniture. To my Daughter Ann Martin, Negro girl Vellah, to her and her heirs forever. To my Daughter Olive Martin, Negro fellow Ben and Negro Will. All the rest of my estate to be divided between, Sarah Burrus, Mary Hammack, Susannah Martin, Ann Martin and Olive Martin. Son George Martin 8 pounds current money. Executors Isaac Davis Thomas Burrus [Burrus was his son-in-law]

Louisa County VA Land Records Book: A, Page: 159, Grantor: Michael Holland, Grantee: Joseph Martin, Date: 12-Nov-1744Michael Holland of St. Paul's Par., Hanover co. Gent., to Joseph Martin of Fredericksville Par., Louisa Co. £12 for 400 acres in Fredericksville Par on west side of the Little Mountains beginning at Timothy Dalton Junrs. corner; granted by patent 5 Dec 1740.

Research & Notes

The following is from Martin family descendant/researcher Col. Joe Martin, who travelled to Bristol, England in July, 2014, to search for information confirming Joseph Martin’s parentage and birth. “We did find a William Martin in Bristol, in fact several of them; one was listed in a newspaper article as dying at his home on Orchard Street on 4 Feb. 1765. No additional information was listed in this newspaper article. We found a rich, prominent William Martin who was the High Sheriff and Lord Mayor of Bristol in 1757, member of the Merchants Corporation and Alderman at the time of his death. However, we could not find a “will” in the Bristol Civic Archive Records but did find a “recorded and approved will” dated 20 Mar. 1765, in the Canterbury Archives Records office. This is where a “Will” would have been approved for someone who had multiple properties; all these multiple property “wills” had to be approved by the Canterbury Archives Record Office at this time. However, this “will” did not mention “where he died or when he died”. I’ve communicated with this archives office and two different researchers who work there and they have searched their records and no other information was found concerning this approved “will” for this William Martin. In this “will” he mentions, his brother Thomas, two sisters, nieces and several other relatives, but no children were mentioned. He also mentions a wife, Sarah, who he leaves a home to her located on Castle Street, which is only a few blocks from the Orchard Street home. The newspaper article said “a William Martin had died on 4 Feb. 1765 at his home on Orchard Street. This is puzzling for me. We searched all 16 parish records in Bristol for a Joseph Martin, birth or baptismal record, none were found. Therefore, we have nothing to tie Joseph Martin to this William Martin or any of the other William Martins found. I feel confident; this William Martin, whose “will” was approved by the Canterbury Records Office on 20 Mar., 1765 is the same person who is buried in the Lord Mayors Chapel in Bristol. His granddaughter, Sarah Reed Rydell is also buried with him in the church vault. This is proven by a plaque located on the wall of the church. We searched all the other archives in Bristol, including records at the Library, merchant seaman’s records, shipping records, and the old 1750’s city council office records. No records were found to establish that William Martin was the father of our Joseph Martin, the c. 1725 immigrant to America.”

The following from another descendant Joseph Martin: For his services Gen. William Martin was given a huge area of land around Newport, Wales and the Martin family remained there until about 1600 when one of my Great Grandfathers, another William Martin moved to Bristol, England, about 40 miles away and began an ocean going shipping business with 3 ships, one being the "Brice" which he sent my 5th Great grandfather, Capt. Joseph Martin to America on in 1725.

This was Capt. Joseph Martin Sr. who married Susannah Chiles, the great granddaughter of the somewhat famous Walter Chiles, Sr. of Jamestown.


  1. See research of Col. Joe Martin, below; recent research in Bristol, England does not confirm Joseph Martin’s purported origins
  2. land records place her parents in St. Margaret’s Parish in King William County. “ Chiles Family.”The William and Mary Quarterly Vol. 8, No. 2 (Oct., 1899), pp. 105-106 Stable URL:
  3. A Biographical Sketch of General Joseph Martin. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography , Vol. 8, No. 4 (Apr., 1901), pp. 347-359 Published by: Virginia Historical Society Stable URL:
  4. Louisa County VA Land Records Book: A, Page: 159, Grantor: Michael Holland, Grantee: Joseph Martin, Date: 12-Nov-1744 Note: part of Louisa County was later annexed to Albemarle
  5. Marriage bond Joseph Martin to Ann Sandige. Virginia County Records - Spotsylvania County, 1721-1800, Volume I, Book E, transcript Ed. William Armstrong Crozier
  6. Albemarle County Will Book 2, page 112
  7. Will, see reference above
  8. Woods, Edgar. The History of Albemarle County. The Michie Co., Charlottesville, VA, 1901. p. 263

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Joseph by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Joseph:

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On 30 Aug 2019 at 14:23 GMT Kathie (Parks) Forbes wrote:

Since there is zero documentation connecting Joseph to the people attached as his parents, can we disconnect them?

On 30 Aug 2019 at 14:17 GMT Kathie (Parks) Forbes wrote:

I am disconnecting the Eastern Cherokee application images for an unrelated person named Martin from this profile.

On 30 Aug 2019 at 01:32 GMT Kathie (Parks) Forbes wrote:

The document images attached to this profile don’t relate to this man. Not sure where they belong, but not here.

On 30 Aug 2019 at 01:31 GMT Kathie (Parks) Forbes wrote:

There are no records that list a middle name for this Joseph,

On 25 Aug 2019 at 21:22 GMT Kathie (Parks) Forbes wrote:

Martin-33486 and Martin-4368 appear to represent the same person because: Clearly meant to be the same man. He had no middle name.

On 5 Jul 2018 at 21:40 GMT Chris Hoult wrote:

This has pulled to gether from mant sources. The early dates seem slightly awry. IfBrice was born in 1722 the sailing was suelwy earlier. The estimaterd birth date of 1700 is either too late or the first two children Mary and Joseph are not his. The marrige date to Sussanah seems late considring the childen. or are the Childrens date all wrong. Brise is dated 1722 the bio shows 1736.

On 3 Apr 2018 at 18:03 GMT Leslie (Preston) Ross wrote:

Martin-42304 and Martin-4368 appear to represent the same person because: My apologies, I had Joseph Martin’s dates wrong and created another profile for him.

On 22 Jan 2018 at 01:13 GMT Kristin Merritt wrote:

Martin-35388 and Martin-4368 appear to represent the same person because: This is the same person.

On 9 Dec 2016 at 02:19 GMT Stephanie Stults wrote:

Martin-30866 and Martin-4368 appear to represent the same person because: Clear match

On 6 Apr 2016 at 08:18 GMT M (McQueen) M wrote:

Martin-14215 and Martin-4368 appear to represent the same person because: same person

more comments

Joseph is 17 degrees from Michael Cayley, 20 degrees from Rick Rescorla and 12 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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