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Pierre Martin (abt. 1601 - bef. 1678)

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Pierre Martin
Born about in Bourgueil, Anjou, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married 30 Jun 1630 in Bourgueil, Touraine, Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died before in Port-Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap
Profile last modified 3 Sep 2019 | Created 7 Aug 2011 | Last significant change: 3 Sep 2019
02:39: G. Cormier edited the Biography for Pierre Martin (abt.1601-bef.1678). (Replaced broken Web links to Acadian censuses.) [Thank G. for this]
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Contents

Biography

Flag of France
Pierre Martin migrated from France to Acadia.
Flag of Acadia

Pierre Martin was born around 1601 in France, the son of René Martin and Etiennette Poirier.[1] He married Catherine Vigneau, daughter of Olivier Vigneau and Renée Courtin, on June 30, 1630 at St-Germain de Bourgueil, France.[1][2]

Between 1631 and about 1649, the couple had seven children: Etienne, Pierre, Urbain, Mathieu, Marie-Madeleine, Marguerite, and Andrée. The first three children were born in France.[1]

On April 1, 1636, the family boarded the ship St-Jehan in La Rochelle, France, bound for Acadia, New France. They appeared on the ship's log: "Pierre Martin, laborer, with his wife and a child living in Bourgueil."[1][3] St-Jehan arrived in Port Royal, Acadia, in May 1636.[4]

The 1671 census of Port-Royal lists Pierre Martin, age 70; his wife Catherine Vigneau age 68; their five children, four married: Pierre 45, Marie 35, Marguerite 32, Andrée 30, and Mathieu 35. They own 7 heads of cattle , 8 sheep and 2 "arpents" of land.[5]

Pierre Martin died before the census of 1678.[6]

On August 9, 1679, Alexandre Le Borgne de Bélisle in the name of Emmanuel Le Borgne Du Coudray, seigneur, for part of Acadia, granted to Pierre Martin and his son Mathieu "a parcel of land and a meadow, near Port-Royal, bounded to the east by the great meadow, to the west by the Dormanchin Brook, to the south by the Dauphin River, and to the north by the mountain".[6] In 1707, Pierre's grandson René Martin may have been living. The only 1707 homestead location of a Martin on the north bank of the river was René Martin.[7]

Timeline

c1601 birth, in France
1630 marriage to Catherine Vigneau, in France
1631 birth, son Etienne, in France
1632 birth, son Pierre, in France
1632 Treaty Saint-Germain-en-Laye cedes Acadia to France; Razilly brings ~300 elite men[8]
1634 birth, son Urbain, in France
1636 Arrival of the first French families to settle permanently[9]
1636 arrival, in Acadia with wife and one child
c1639 birth, son Mathieu, in Acadia
c1642 birth, daughter Marie-Madeleine, in Acadia
c1644 birth, daughter Marguerite, in Acadia
c1649 birth, daughter Andrée, in Acadia
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases[10]
1667-70 Treaty of Breda cedes Acadia to the French; settlement resumes[11]
b1671 residence, Port Royal
b1678 death

Historical Notes

In 1654 Port-Royal was captured by Robert Sedgwick, who led 300 British soldiers and volunteers.[10]:

"The [French] soldiers at Port-Royal, who numbered about 130 … put up a brief defence against Sedgwick. Setting up an ambush between the landing site of the English troops and the fort, the Frenchmen fired on the attackers but proved no match for the experienced Roundheads. The French soon "took their heels to ye Fort." On August 16 the fort surrendered... Sedgwick granted honourable terms, allowing the defenders to march out of the fort with flags flying, drums beating, and muskets at the ready. The soldiers and employees working at the fort were offered transportation back to France and given enough pelts to cover their wages."[12]

Although the commander of Port Royal left for France, most Acadians, including the Martin family, remained in Acadia. They were permitted to retain their land and belongings and were guaranteed religious freedom.[12] Dunn describes life in Acadia during the 16 years of nominal British rule:

"During the years of British rule, most of the Port-Royal population moved upriver away from the town. Using the agricultural practices initiated under D'Aulnay, the Acadians dyked and cultivated extensive salt marshes along the river and raised livestock. Through necessity, residents had reached an accommodation with New England traders who had become their sole source for the goods that they could not produce themselves... New England traders exchanged their goods for Acadian produce and furs... There were seventy to eighty families in the Port Royal area in 1665."

By 1671 the British had ceded Acadia to France and French settlement resumed.[11]

Biographie

Pierre Martin est né vers 1601 à France, le fils de René Martin et d'Etiennette Poirier.[1]

Il épousa Catherine Vigneau, fille de Olivier Vigneau et de Renée Courtin, le 30 juin 1630 à St-Germain de Bourgueil, Touraine, France.[1][2]

Entre 1631 et vers 1649, le couple a eu sept enfants: Etienne, Pierre, Urbain, Mathieu, Marie-Madeleine, Marguerite, et Andrée.[1]

Le 1er avril 1636, la famille embarque à bord du navire St-Jehan à La Rochelle, en France, à destination de l'Acadie, en Nouvelle-France. Ils sont apparus sur le rôle: "Pierre Martin, laboureur avec sa femme et un enfant demeurant à Bourgueil" Pierre est mort avant le recensement de 1678.[1][3] St-Jehan arrive à Port Royal, en Acadie, en mai 1636.[4]

Recensement de 1671
Pierre Martin, 70; sa femme, Catherine Vigneau, 68; leurs enfants cinq; quatre de marriage, un garcon et tros filles, Pierre 45, Marie 35, Marguerite 32, Audree 30: Matieu 35; leurs bestiaux corner 7 pieces et huit brebis, deux arpents.[5]

Pierre Martin mourut avant le recensement de 1678.[6]

Le 9 août 1679, Alexandre Le Borgne de Bélisle. au nom d'Emmanuel Le Borgne Du Coudray, seigneur "pour une partie de l'Acadie" accordé à Pierre Martin et son fils Mathieu "une pièce de terre et de prairie, proche de Port-Royal, bornée à l'est par la grande prairie, à l'ouest par le ruisseau Domanchin, au midi par la rivière Dauphin, et au nord par la montagne".[1] Le seul emplacement de 1707 d'un Martin sur la rive nord de la rivière était René Martin.[7]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print. p.1125-1126
  2. 2.0 2.1 Archives départementales d'Indre-et-Loire. Go to image 28 of 136, at D'Indre-et-Loire
  3. 3.0 3.1 Les Archives départementales de la Charente-Maritime. Liste des passagers du navire St-Jehan. Transcriptions et photos à Acadian History et Acadian-Home
  4. 4.0 4.1 Godbout Pere Archange. "Le role du Saint-Jehan et les origines acadiennes." In Memoires de la Societe Genealogique Canadienne-Francaise, vol. 1 (1944), pp. 19-30.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Tim Hebert; Transcription of the 1671 Acadian Census, at Port-Royal, Acadie. 1671 Census Transcribed. The original census can be found at Census microfilm C-2572 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752” Images 3-14.
    Pierre MARTIN, 70, wife Catherine VIGNEAU 68; Children (married): Pierre 45, Marie 35, Marguerite 32, Andre 30; (not married): Mathier 35; cattle 7, sheep 8.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 White, Stephen A. English Supplement to the Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton NB: Centre D'Études Acadiennes, 2000, p 243
  7. 7.0 7.1 Au Coeur de l'Acadie Acadian Settlement on the Annapolis River 1707 Map Parks Canada. Google.
  8. George MacBeath, Biography – RAZILLY, ISAAC DE – Volume I (1000-1700) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20
  9. Massignon, Geneviève. "Les parlers français d'Acadie, enquête linguistique", Librairie Klincksieck, Paris, 1962, 2 tomes. p32 first French families in Acadia.
  10. 10.0 10.1 William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  11. 11.0 11.1 In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, p 23-24(1654 Capture of Port-Royal); p25-27;29 (the English period 1654-1670).


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1671 Acadian Census - Pierre Martin et Catherine Vigneau
1671 Acadian Census - Pierre Martin et Catherine Vigneau

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On 29 Dec 2015 at 18:30 GMT Annette Cormier wrote:

Good point John. I could find no evidence of a later death date other than Stephen White (before 1678 census). therefore I have changed the death date to be consistent with the evidence. SW cites the land grant but does not refer to a posthumous award, which this is presumably.

On 23 Feb 2015 at 15:33 GMT John DeRoche wrote:

In the summary at the top, 1686 given as yr of death, but bio (citing SAW) says pre-1678 census. If latter is correct, what about the land grant of 1679 to Pierre & his son Mathieu? Was Pierre already deceased, being named only in sense of a grant to his estate? (That practice occurred in Br. grants to certain deceased male settlers at Lunenburg NS in the 1750s+, the grants really being to their heirs.)




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