Piere Martin est né vers 1601 à France, le fils de René Martin et d'Etiennette Poirier.
Il épousa Catherine Vigneau, fille de Olivier Vigneau et de Renée Courtin, le 20 juin 1630 à St-Germain de Bourgueil (Touraine), France. Entre 1631 et vers 1649, le couple a eu sept enfants: Etienne, Pierre, Urbain, Mathieu, Marie-Madeleine, Marguerite, et Andrée.
Le 1er avril 1636, la famille a navigué sur le Saint-Jehan vers l'Acadie. Ils sont apparus sur le rôle: "Pierre Martin, laboureur avec sa femme et un enfant demeurant à Bourgueil"
Pierre est mort avant le recensement de 1678.
Le 9 août 1679, Alexandre LeBorgne de Bélisle. au nom d'Emmanuel Le Borgne Du Coudray, seigneur "pour une partie de l'Acadie" accordé à Pierre Martin et son fils Mathieu "une pièce de terre et de prairie, proche de Port-Royal, bornée à l'est par la grande prairie, à l'ouest par le ruisseau Domanchin, au midi par la rivière Dauphin, et au nord par la montagne". En 1707, René Martin, le petit-fils de Pierre y vivait.
Pierre Martin was born around 1601 in France, the son of René Martin and Etiennette Poirier.
He married Catherine Vigneau, daughter of Olivier Vigneau and Renée Courtin, on June 20, 1630 at St-Germain de Bourgueil (Touraine), France.
Between 1631 and about 1649, the couple had seven children: Etienne, Pierre, Urbain, Mathieu, Marie-Madeleine, Marguerite, and Andrée. The first three children were born in France.
On April 1, 1636, the family were passengers on the ship Saint-Jehan sailing toward Acadia. They appeared on the roster:" Pierre Martin, ploughman with his wife and a child residing at Bourgueil"
In 1654 Port-Royal was captured by Robert Sedgwick, who led 300 British soldiers and volunteers.:
"The [French] soldiers at Port-Royal, who numbered about 130 … put up a brief defence against Sedgwick. Setting up an ambush between the landing site of the English troops and the fort, the Frenchmen fired on the attackers but proved no match for the experienced Roundheads. The French soon "took their heels to ye Fort." On August 16 the fort surrendered... Sedgwick granted honourable terms, allowing the defenders to march out of the fort with flags flying, drums beating, and muskets at the ready. The soldiers and employees working at the fort were offered transportation back to France and given enough pelts to cover their wages."
Although the commander of Port Royal left for France, most Acadians, including the Martin family, remained in Acadia. They were permitted to retain their land and belongings and were guaranteed religious freedom. Dunn describes life in Acadia during the 16 years of nominal British rule:
"During the years of British rule, most of the Port-Royal population moved upriver away from the town. Using the agricultural practices initiated under D'Aulnay, the Acadians dyked and cultivated extensive salt marshes along the river and raised livestock. Through necessity, residents had reached an accommodation with New England traders who had become their sole source for the goods that they could not produce themselves... New England traders exchanged their goods for Acadian produce and furs... There were seventy to eighty families in the Port Royal area in 1665."
By 1671 the British had ceded Acadia to France and French settlement resumed. In 1671, 70 year old Pierre was a farming in Port Royal with his 68 year old wife Catherine and 38 year old son Mathieu. They had 2 arpents of cultivated land, 7 cattle, and 8 sheep. Four of their children were married.
On August 9 1679, Alexandre LeBorgne de Bélisle. in the name of Emmanuel Le Borgne Du Coudray, seigneur "for part of Acadia" granted to Pierre Martin and his son Mathieu "a parcel of land and a meadow, near Port-Royal, bounded to the east by the great meadow, to the west by the Dormanchin Brook, to the south by the Dauphin River, and to the north by the mountain". In 1707, Pierre's grandson René Martin may have been living there.
1636 Arrival of the first French families to settle permanantly
1636 arrival, in Acadia with wife and one child
c1639 birth, son Mathieu, in Acadia
c1642 birth, daughter Marie-Madeleine, in Acadia
c1644 birth, daughter Marguerite, in Acadia
c1649 birth, daughter Andrée, in Acadia
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases
1667-70 Treaty of Breda cedes Acadia to the French; settlement resumes
b1671 residence, Port Royal
1671 Acadian Census at : Pierre MARTIN, farmer, 70, his wife Catherine VIGNEAU 68; Children (four are married): Pierre 45, Marie 35, Marguerite 32, Andre 30; (unmarried): Matieu 35; cattle 7, sheep 8, 2 arpents.
↑ 2.02.1 The only 1707 homestead location of a Martin on the north bank of the river was René Martin; I am assuming this is the location specified in the 1679 transaction. In Au Coeur de l'Acadie Acadian Settlement on the Annapolis River 1707 Map Parks Canada
↑ 3.03.1 White, Stephen A. English Supplement to the Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton NB: Centre D'Études Acadiennes, 2000, p 243
Good point John. I could find no evidence of a later death date other than Stephen White (before 1678 census). therefore I have changed the death date to be consistent with the evidence. SW cites the land grant but does not refer to a posthumous award, which this is presumably.
In the summary at the top, 1686 given as yr of death, but bio (citing SAW) says pre-1678 census. If latter is correct, what about the land grant of 1679 to Pierre & his son Mathieu? Was Pierre already deceased, being named only in sense of a grant to his estate? (That practice occurred in Br. grants to certain deceased male settlers at Lunenburg NS in the 1750s+, the grants really being to their heirs.)