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of South Carolina
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John Mathews is regarded as one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America. He was one of the signers of the Articles of Confederation (which were drafted in 1777 and ratified in 1781). Along with the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, the Articles of Confederation is considered one of the three principal foundational documents of the United States of America. John Mathews was a delegate from South Carolina.
John Mathews was born in Charleston, South Carolina in 1744 the son of John Mathews, a planter, and Sarah Gibbes.He was commissioned an ensign and became a Lieutenant in the South Carolina Provincial Regiment in the Cherokee expedition of the early 1760s. He studied law at the Middle Temple, London. He was admitted to the South Carolina bar on 22 September 1766. In the same year he married Mary Wragg, daughter of William Wragg, and soon moved to his 600-acre “Uxbridge” plantation on the Ashley River. There they had their only child, a son. Upon his return, to South Carolina in 1766 to set up a law practice. He was actively involved in state and local politics and served as a Captain in the Colleton County regiment during the Revolutionary War. After serving in the Continental Congress from 1777-1778, Mathews was elected Governor of South Carolina in 1782 and 1783. He was later elected judge of the court of Chancery (1784), the state House of Representatives (1784) and judge of the Court of Equity (1791-1797).
After returning to South Carolina, he was elected to the commons House of Assembly in 1772. He was also a member of the First and Second Provincial Congresses of South Carolina in 1775 and 1776; associate judge of the state circuit court in 1776; a member of the state House of Representatives from 1776 to 1780 (speaker in 1777 and 1778); and a Continental Congress delegate from 1778 to 1781, during which time he endorsed the Articles of Confederation on behalf of South Carolina. He served as a Captain in the Revolutionary War. After returning to South Carolina, he was elected governor, serving a single term. He went on to win election as judge of the Court of Chancery in 1784, as a member of the state House of Representatives in November, 1784, and as judge of the Court of Equity in 1791, a position that he held until 1797.
John Mathews was one of the youngest of the statesmen South Carolina gave to the country during the war of independence. He was born in 1744, was well educated, and became a lawyer of reputation while still a young man. At the commencement of the Revolution he avowed himself an ardent Whig, and applied his abilities to vindicating the rights and liberties of his native land. In 1780, Mr. Mathews was elected to a seat in Congress, in which body he displayed much energy, eloquence, and general legislative ability, adding greatly to his reputation. In 1782 he was chosen to succeed Governor Rutledge in the chief-magistracy of South Carolina as the 33rd Governor. Mr. Mathews held this honorable and responsible post for one year.  In 1784 he was appointed a judge in the court of equity, which office he continued to hold until his death in 1802, at the age of fifty-eight years. He was a man of high talent, firm and resolute will, and of extensive information. 
He was an American lawyer from Charleston, South Carolina. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1781 where he endorsed the Articles of Confederation on behalf of South Carolina. On his return, he was elected the 33rd Governor of South Carolina, serving a single term in 1782 and 1783.  John Mathews was a Protestant Christian (as were 98% of the signers of the Articles of Confederation). Additional research is needed about his religious life, as we have not yet identified his denominational affiliation or gathered information about the nature and extent of his religiosity. 
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John is 26 degrees from Jelena Eckstädt, 13 degrees from Theodore Roosevelt and 14 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.