Matthew Maury

Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806 - 1873)

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Commodore Matthew Fontaine Maury
Born in near Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania County, Virginia, USAmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Lexington, Albemarle County, Virginia, USAmap
Profile last modified | Created 25 Mar 2011
This page has been accessed 752 times.

Categories: Virginia Notables.

Matthew Maury is Notable.


Matthew Fontaine Maury, nicknamed "Pathfinder of the Seas" and "Father of Modern Oceanography and Naval Meteorology" was an American oceanographer, astronomer, historian, meteorologist.

He was born on 14 January 1806 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, the son of Richard Maury and Diane Minor. He was the grandson of Reverend James Maury[1].

Matthew entered the U.S. Navy in 1825 and spent the next nine years on worldwide sea voyages. In 1839 a stagecoach accident left him permanently lamed. Considered unfit for active duty, in 1842 he was appointed superintendent of the Naval Observatory's Depot of Charts and Instruments.

There he compiled information from numerous ships' logs, and gained an international reputation for his research in navigation, oceanography, and meteorology. By interpreting the crossing of the trade winds at the equator, he designed shipping routes which shortened an Atlantic-Pacific crossing by 40 days. His most famous work, The Physical Geography of the Sea (1855), was the first textbook on modern oceanography.

In 1861 Maury became a commodore in the Confederate Navy;

He is known as the "Pathfinder of the Seas."[2].


Date: 27 Sep 1873
Place: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia


  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Matthew Fontaine Maury," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, (accessed July 21, 2017).
  2. Bob Juch's Kin ( (15 Feb 10)

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Lt. Matthew Maury
Lt. Matthew Maury


Matthew is 25 degrees from Rosa Parks, 22 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 16 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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