Bruce McCandless II

Bruce McCandless II

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Capt. Bruce McCandless II
Born 1930s.
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died 2010s.
Profile last modified | Created 12 Nov 2014 | Last significant change: 20 Nov 2018
15:03: Gil Davis edited the Biography for Bruce McCandless II. (added cemetery) [Thank Gil for this]
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Categories: American Notables | United States Navy | NASA Astronauts | Legion of Merit | Defense Distinguished Service Medal | National Defense Service Medal | NASA Exceptional Service Medal | NASA Space Flight Medal | United States Astronaut Hall of Fame | United States Naval Academy Cemetery, Annapolis, Maryland.

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== Biography ==

Bruce McCandless II is a former naval aviator with the United States Navy and former NASA astronaut. During the first of his two Space Shuttle missions he made the first ever untethered free flight using the Manned Maneuvering Unit in 1984.

McCandless was one of the 19 astronauts selected by NASA in Group 5[1] in April 1966. He was a member of the astronaut support crew for the Apollo 14 mission, served as CAPCOM during the Apollo 11 mission when Neil Armstrong first set his foot on the Moon (during the EVA), and was backup pilot for the first manned Skylab mission (SL-1/SL-2). He was a co-investigator on the M-509 astronaut maneuvering unit experiment which was flown in the Skylab Program, and collaborated on the development of the Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU) used during Shuttle extra-vehicular activities (EVAs).

He was responsible for crew inputs to the development of hardware and procedures for the Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), Space Telescope, the Solar Maximum Repair Mission, and the Space Station Program.


United States Navy Experience

in 1974, McCandless receieved the National Defense Service Medal and the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal. In 1985, he received the Defense Distinguished Service Medal. In 1988, he received the Legion of Merit.

Legion of

NASA Experience

In 1974, McCandless received the NASA Exceptional Service Medal, his first of 2.[2]

Exceptional Service

McCandless first flew on Challenger STS-41-B, 03 Feb 1984 with Vance Brand, Robert L. Gibson, Ronald McNair and Robert L. Stewart. He received a NASA Space Flight Medal, his first of 2.[2]

Space Flight

In 1985, McCandless received the NASA Exceptional Engineering Achievement Medal.

He next flew on Discovery STS-31, 24 Apr 1990 with Charles Bolden, Steven Hawley, Loren Shriver and Kathryn Sullivan. He received a NASA Space Flight Medal, his second of 2.[2]

Space Flight

In 1991, McCandless received the NASA Exceptional Service Medal, his second of 2.[2]

Exceptional Service

After NASA

McCandless retired from NASA in 1990 and went to work for Lockheed Martin Space Systems.

In 2005, McCandless was inducted into the US Astronaut Hall of Fame.[3]


  1. Wikipedia List of Astronauts, by Year
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Agency Awards Historical Recipient List
  3. Hall of Fame Bio

See also:

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Bruce is 26 degrees from Rosa Parks, 25 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 20 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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