||Rosa (McCauley) Parks was a part of the Civil Rights Movement.|
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Rosa Louise McCauley was born February 4th, 1913 to James McCauley and Leona Edwards in Tuskegee, Alabama. She was frail and experienced poor health as a child. She came from mixed racial ancestry, with one of her great grandparents being of Scottish/Irish descent. In the Deep South at the time she was considered non-white, making her subject to Jim Crow laws. Her parents divorced when she was young and Rosa grew up with her mother and grandparents. The family moved to Pine Level, Alabama when Rosa was young and she attended elementary school there. After finishing at Pine Level, Rosa attended Montgomery Industrial School for Girls, and later attended Alabama State Teacher's College High School. Her grandmother's death prevented her from graduating with her class.
December 18, 1932, Rosa married Raymond Parks in Montgomery, Alabama. The couple never had children. Two years after their marriage, Rosa finally got her diploma, which had been further delayed by her mother's illness. Rosa worked as a seamstress and Raymond was a barber.
Influenced by the KKK riding past her home and her school having been burned down twice when she was a child, Rosa grew up with her grandfather regularly standing guard in front of their house with a shotgun and her often joining him. There was much injustice in her life. She became very tired of having to give in and let others take her liberty away. About her famous stand on the bus, she is quoted as saying "All I was doing was trying to get home from work."
Her husband, Raymond, was an active member in the NAACP. This led to Rosa's participation in the organization. In 1943, she became the secretary of the Montgomery chapter, and later a youth leader. December 1, 1955, Rosa's famous incident on the bus in Montgomery, Alabama occurred. She refused to sit at the back of the bus and give up her seat to a Caucasian man. The event inspired protest events around the country. In Montgomery, there was a bus boycott that lasted 381 days. Dr. Martin Luther King was spokesperson for the boycott.
|Rose Parks Arrest Booking Photo|
Rosa lost her job amid the boycott in Montgomery and received death threats. She and Raymond moved to Detroit, Michigan in 1957, after a brief tour of the country, and was active in the local African Methodist Episcopal church. She worked for Congressman John Conyers from 1965 to 1988 helping homeless find housing. In 1987, she founded the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development. The organization was founded in honor of her husband, Raymond, and works to help youth achieve their fullest potential. She also wrote four books, all autobiographical.
Rosa received at least 43 honorary doctorate degrees, as well as many awards, certificates, plaques, and honors. In 1996, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Bill Clinton. She received the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1999.
Rosa Parks died October 24th, 2005 in Detroit, Michigan. She had been battling dementia and poor health, and had suffered financial difficulty. Rosa is buried in the Rosa Parks Memorial Mausoleum, Woodlawn Cemetery, Detroit, Michigan.
Both Rosa's birthday, February 4, and the day she was arrested, December 1, are commemorated as Rosa Parks Day in California and Ohio. The first Monday after February 4th is Rosa Parks Day in Michigan. A museum and library was opened in her honor in Montgomery, Alabama.
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On 15 Dec 2018 at 18:28 GMT Howard Rankin Jr wrote:
On 15 Dec 2018 at 18:25 GMT Howard Rankin Jr wrote:
On 15 Dec 2018 at 18:20 GMT Howard Rankin Jr wrote:
On 13 Dec 2018 at 05:28 GMT Barbara (Jackson) Wren wrote:
On 12 Dec 2018 at 22:10 GMT Kenneth Leverett wrote:
Mrs. Parks is of Irish descent and so am I. I think this amazing.
On 12 Dec 2018 at 18:03 GMT Lisa (Phelps) Linn wrote:
On 12 Dec 2018 at 12:43 GMT C Ryder wrote:
On 19 Jan 2017 at 10:34 GMT Lori Jo (Everts) DeWitt wrote:
On 9 Jan 2017 at 13:55 GMT Rosa (Todd) Morales wrote:
Rosa is 35 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 27 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.