Elijah McCoy was born on March 27, 1843 in Canada. His parents were George McCoy and Mildred Gains. He was probably born in Colchester, Ontario, Canada, where he was living with his parents in Colchester, Essex County, Canada West (Ontario) in 1851.
He and Ann Elizabeth Stewart were married by John A Wilson, rector, on 7 February 1868 at Ypsilanti, Washtenaw County, Michigan. James and Rebecca Hood stood as their witnesses. By 1870, their daughter Kittie had been born. Four years later, he married Mary E. Delany on 25 Dec 1872, in Ypsilanti, Washtenaw County, Michigan.
In 1872, Elijah applied for and received his first patent. He would go on to have many more.
Elijah and Kitty (his daughter) were living in Ionia, Ionia County, Michigan, in 1880, most likely a site of Elijah's inventions-in-use.
On 2 November 1895, Elijah was mentioned in a newspaper article, in The Afro-American, which reported that he lived in Detroit (Wayne County, Michigan).
Elijah and Mary are found on the census for 1900, in Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan. By 1910, Elijah reported he was married twice, once for 3 years and the next for the past 7 years. His last census was 1920.
Elijah opened his own company, the Elijah McCoy Manufacturing Company, in Detroit, Michigan in 1920. They manufactured and sold his advanced graphite lubricators for air brakes.
He died on October 10, 1929 in Nankin, Wayne County, Michigan, with his usual residence in Detroit (also in Wayne County). He is remembered in the Detroit Memorial Park East, Warren, Macomb County, Michigan, USA.
"McCoy, Elijah J."
"(born: 1843 - died: 1929)"
"Though it has been written otherwise, Elijah McCoy was not from Kentucky. He was born in Ontario, Canada. McCoy was the son of Mildred and George McCoy, escaped slaves from Louisville, KY. Elijah was a mechanical engineer known as the "Father of Lubrication." In 1872 he first patented an invention for self-oiling machines; automatic lubrication became known as "the real McCoy." He also invented an ironing table and lawn sprinkler. For more see World of Invention. History's most significant inventions and the people behind them, 2nd ed."
↑ 1.01.1Elijah McCoy death certificate, #282 2335, 10 Oct 1929 Wayne County, Michigan; normal residence 606 Hendrik, Detroit, Michigan; place of burial Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan; born 27 Mar 1843; Engineer and Inventor; parents: George born Kentucky and Mildred Gains (or Garns) born Kentucky; Widowed; informant: staff member of Eloise Infirmary unreadable. Michigan History Center, on-line records Michiganology.org.
↑ "Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N3P9-5YM : 18 February 2021), Elijah Mccoy and Ann Eliza Stewart, 7 Feb 1868; citing Marriage, Ypsilanti, Washtenaw, Michigan, , Citing Secretary of State, Department of Vital Records, Lansing; FHL microfilm 4207954.
↑ "United States Census, 1870", database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MHCG-QN9 : 3 January 2021), Elijah McCoy, household 215, page 26, Ypsilanti, ward 5, Washtenaw County, Michigan, United States; U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) micropublication M593
Elijah McCoy Male 26 Canada
Anna McCoy Female 21 Canada
Rettie L McCoy Female 1 Michigan [review of other K (see occupations "Keeping House") and R (line 1) on the page indicates this was probably misindexed.]
↑ 5.05.1 Editors, Biography,"Elijah McCoy, (1844–1929)." A&E Television Networks, The Biography.com website, 2014, update 2020. Note: Second source of inaccurate birth date apparently from Find A Grave. Correction requested.
↑ "Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925," FamilySearch,Elijah Mccoy and Mary E. Delany, 25 Dec 1872; citing Marriage, Ypsilanti, Washtenaw, Michigan;Citing Secretary of State, Department of Vital Records, Lansing; FHL microfilm 4207572. [The FamilySearch image has the marriage crossed out because it was, presumably, written in the "White" index book, rather than that of the "Colored" per the notation. The Image attached to Ancestry Record 61374 #144769 is from a different book that has both white and colored persons indexed. Elijah and Mary are recorded as colored.]
Name: Elijah Mc Coy
Birth Year: abt 1845
Birth Place: Canada West
Marriage Date: 25 Dec 1872
Marriage Place: Ypsilanti, Washtenaw, Michigan, USA
Residence Place: Ypsilanti
Spouse: Mary E Delany age 26 b. Indiana
↑ United States Patent and Trademark Office, Patent #US000129843, E. McCoy, Improvement in Lubricators for Steam-Engines, 23 July 1872
↑ "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWSD-CXN : 19 February 2021), Elijah Mccoy, Ionia, Ionia, Michigan, United States; citing enumeration district ED 95, sheet 131D, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), FHL microfilm 1,254,583.
Ella Gardner (roomer, dress maker) Female 22 Michigan/NY,NY
↑MichiganRailroads.com, "Ionia was a crossing of two railroads, the Pere Marquette line... and the Grand Trunk Western..... The Pere Marquette line through town was originally their main route from Detroit northwest....."
↑Ancestry.com, database with images, "U.S., African American Newspapers, 1829-1947," > The Afro-American > 1895 > image 1 of 8, 20 November 1895, column 1-2, "?e African American Inventors," "Elijah McCoy" Ancestry Record 2346 #44675 with attached Image; Negro Newspapers for the American Council of Learned Studies. Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress. [Bottom of column 1, paragraph w/ the big ink splotch.]
↑ "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M91M-GJX : accessed 25 March 2021), Elijah Mc Coy, Detroit city Ward 6, Wayne, Michigan, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 67, sheet 8B, family 156, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,749.
Elijah Mc Coy head, 56/m, Mar 1844, md 28yrs, Can/KY/KY, im1863na, engineer
Mary E Mc Coy wife, 54/f, Jan 1846, md 28yrs, 1birth/0living, IN/WV/WV
Andrew O Young nephew, 19/m, May 1881, MO/IN/MO, student
↑ 1910 census: "United States Census, 1910," FamilySearch,Elijah Mccoy, Detroit Ward 17, Wayne, Michigan, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 262, sheet 8B, family 170, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 680; FHL microfilm 1,374,693.
↑ "Michigan Death Certificates, 1921-1952," FamilySearch,Elijah Mccoy, 10 Oct 1929; citing Nankin, Wayne, Michigan, United States, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, Lansing; FHL microfilm 1,973,146
NOTE: inventor is crossed out and engineer written in.
↑ Elijah McCoy (2 May 1844–10 Oct 1929), Find A Grave: Memorial #6807620, citing Detroit Memorial Park East, Warren, Macomb County, Michigan, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave. Note: Source of inaccurate birth date, correction requested.
↑"McCoy, George and Mildred", Notable Kentucky African Americans Database; citing Detroit Free Press (newspaper), from "Subscription Database - Access World News (1982-present), n.d., accessed August 18, 2020."
"Elijah McCoy, Inventor of the Week". Lemelson-MIT Program. May 1996. Archived from the original on 2003-08-23. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
Wikipedia contributors: "Elijah McCoy, inventor profile". National Inventors Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2008-12-28.