Randall McCoy Sr.

Randolph McCoy Sr. (1825 - 1914)

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Randolph (Randall) "Old Randall, Ole Ran'l" McCoy Sr.
Born in Pike County, Kentucky, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married before 1848 in Pike Couty, Kentucky, United Statesmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Pikeville, Pike County, Kentucky, United Statesmap
Profile last modified 13 Sep 2019 | Created 7 Aug 2011 | Last significant change: 7 Sep 2019
23:01: Nikki Gauthier proposed a merge of McCoy-2407 and McCoy-576 with a comment. [Thank Nikki for this | 1 thank-you received]
This page has been accessed 18,664 times.

Randall McCoy Sr. was a Prisoner of War during United States Civil War.

Hatfield and McCoy poster
Randall McCoy Sr. was a member of the Hatfield and McCoy family feud 1863-1891.
Join: Hatfield and McCoy Project
Discuss: hatfield_mccoy

Randall McCoy was the patriarch of the McCoy clan involved in the Hatfield-McCoy feud.


Randolph 'Randall', also called "Old Randall and 'Ole Ran'l" McCoy Sr. was born October 28, 1825 in Pike County, Kentucky, the son of Daniel McCoy and Margaret Taylor. He was the brother of John McCoy, Harriett McCoy, William McCoy III, Asa Harmon H. McCoy, Samuel McCoy, Ressa (McCoy) Farley, MaryEtta McCoy, Nancy McCoy, Thomas Pharmer McCoy, James McCoy, Vicey McCoy and Jane McCoy. The family lived mostly on the Kentucky side of Tug Fork, a tributary of the Big Sandy River.

Randall married his first cousin,[1]Sally McCoy. They had the following 16 children:

  1. Josephine McCoy, daughter (1848–?)
  2. James H. "Uncle Jim" McCoy, son (1849–1929)
  3. Floyd McCoy, son (1853–1928)
  4. Tolbert McCoy, son (1854–1882)
  5. Lilburn McCoy, son (1855–?)
  6. Samuel McCoy, son (1856–1921)
  7. Alifair McCoy, daughter (1858–1888)
  8. Roseanna McCoy, daughter (1859–1888)
  9. Calvin McCoy, son (1862–1888)
  10. Pharmer McCoy, son (1863–1882)
  11. Randolph "Bud" McCoy, son (1864–1882)
  12. William "Bill" McCoy, son (1868–?)
  13. Trinvilla "Trinnie" McCoy, daughter (1868–?)
  14. Adelaide McCoy, daughter (1870–?)
  15. Fannie McCoy, daughter (1873–1943)
  16. Mary Katherine McCoy, daughter (1875–?)


Randall McCoy,
Company A, May's Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry State Line
Company C Beckley's Regiment 45th Virginia Battalion
Captured in Pike County, Kentucky 7 /8/1863.
Arrived at Camp Chase, 7/20/1863
Sent to Camp Douglass August 20. Held till June 16, 1865.
Signed Oath of Allegiance and was released from Camp Douglas July 16, 1865

Randall served in War Between the States for the Confederates. Details about his service are confusing. It is generally accepted that he served in Virginia's 45th Battalion Infantry at some point. [2] He was a POW from 1863-1865.[3] McCoy’s CSR states that he was captured in Pike County, Kentucky, on July 8, 1863 and sent to Camp Chase, a Union prison camp in Columbus, Ohio, where he arrived on July 20, 1863. A month later, he was transferred to the large military prison at Camp Douglas in Chicago, Illinois, where he remained a POW for the duration of the Civil War.

Kentucky was a border state, but both families, Hatfields and McCoys were loyal confederates with the exception of Randolph's younger brother, Asa Harmon McCoy, enlisted in the Union Army as "Asa H McCoy" in Co E of the 45th Regiment Kentucky Infantry USA.[4]Asa was killed by a band called the Logan Wildcats lead by Jim Vance , in a Hatfield and McCoy family feud on January 7, 1865[5] It was widely accepted that this band was led by the Hatfields. Thus began a chain of altercations that would make the names Hatfiled and McCoy synonymous with feud.

The next dispute was a legal one in the late 1870s in which Devil Anse Hatfield and Randolph McCoy's cousin, Perry Cline both held title to a 5,000+ acre tract of land. Hatfield eventually brought a civil suit against Cline. Hatfield won in what was seen by the McCoys as a Hatfield friendly court.

An even bigger event occurred in the fall of 1878, Randolph "Randall" McCoy brought charges against Floyd Hatfield for stealing one of his hogs. [6] This allegation was a very serious offense at the time. The case was decided in favor of the Hatfields, further inflaming the feud. The primary witness in the affair, related to both sides, was believed killed by the McCoys, although the official verdict was self defense.

Randall's daughter Roseanna became romantically involved with "Johnse" Hatfield, becoming pregnant with his child. Upon learning of the affair, Randolph disowned her and Johnse married her cousin, Nancy McCoy. Roseanna's baby died before her first birthday and heart broken, Roseanna died at the age of 28.

The peak of the feud was a blood bath where three of Randolph's sons killed Ellison Hatfield, brother of Devil Anse, on election day in 1882. Devil Anse retaliated by executing Randall's sons Tolbert, Pharmer, and Randolph Jr.

One of the most horrible events of the feud happened January 1, 1888. Randolph's house was burning to the ground and his family attacked as they tried to escape. His son, Calvin, was killed in the shootout. His daughter, Alifair, was shot to death as she tried to flee the burning house. Sally was badly injured when she attempted to comfort Alifair, suffering several broken ribs and skull fractures. Though Randall and the rest of his family were able to retreat into the woods, they suffered frostbite being unprepared for the freezing weather.

In response to this massacre, Kentucky deputy Frank Phillips and a posse of McCoys chased down Jim Vance and Cap Hatfield, killing Vance. Nine Hatfield family members and supporters were hauled off to jail.

By the end of the feud, Randall had lost his brother, seven of his children and his wife. He moved his family to Pikeville, Kentucky where he operated a ferry, spending the rest of his life in bitter grieving until 1914, when he slipped near a cook fire and suffered injuries. [7][8] Randolph passed away in 1914 at the age of 89.[9]


  1. Family Search-Kentucky Marriages, 1785-1979, index, FamilySearch Randolph Mccoy and Sarah Mccoy, 09 Dec 1849; citing Pike, Kentucky, reference v3, p100; FHL microfilm 839,494.
  2. Civil War Profiles - The Confusing Confederate Service of Randolph McCoy by Mathew W. Lively, August 4, 2013
  3. The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Soldier Detail for Randall McCoy
  4. NPS Civil War - Soldier Detail for Asa McCoy
  5. Find a Grave - Asa Harmon McCoy Find A Grave Memorial# 125714392
  6. Hog Trail Site Marker
  7. http://www.biography.com/people/randall-mccoy-20824891#death-and-legacy
  8. Find a Grave - Randolph "Randall" Find A Grave Memorial# 7422518
  9. Kentucky Death Records, 1911-1961, index, FamilySearch Rendall Mccoy in entry for Samuel Mccoy, 1921 McCoy

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Randall by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Randall:

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Images: 8
Randall McCoy
Randall McCoy

Randall McCoy
Randall McCoy

Randall McCoy Oath of Allegiance
Randall McCoy Oath of Allegiance

1870 Census showing family of Randall McCoy
1870 Census showing family of Randall McCoy

Randall McCoy at Rest
Randall McCoy at Rest

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On 7 Sep 2019 at 23:01 GMT Nikki Gauthier wrote:

McCoy-2407 and McCoy-576 appear to represent the same person because: dups with same parents and same spouse

On 5 Sep 2016 at 20:51 GMT Mary Richardson wrote:

Hello all managers, g2g collaborative profile asked me for recommendations for profile for them to work on Oct 3. Do you have a recommendation for me to submit for it.. Note: to all all profiles need to be privacy white during the sept 26- thought the week the g2g is working on it.

Please submit a suggestion to me, (Mary Richardson-7161 soon.

On 1 Feb 2015 at 00:41 GMT Terry Wright wrote:

We have now started a Hatfield and McCoy Project if any of the profile members are interested I would also like to add to the bio and add some sources to this profile if none of the project managers object Terry

Pending merges › Randolph McCoy (1825-1914)

Randall is 20 degrees from Tanya Lowry, 16 degrees from Charles Tiffany and 15 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.