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James McCrea (abt. 1821 - 1858)

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James McCrea
Born about in County Donegal, Irelandmap
Husband of — married in Sydney, New South Wales, Australiamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Sydney, New South Wales, Australiamap
Profile last modified | Created 29 Dec 2018 | Last significant change: 31 Jul 2019
11:46: Melanie Paul edited the Biography for James McCrea (abt.1821-1858). (Adding sticker.) [Thank Melanie for this]
This page has been accessed 197 times.

Biography

Ireland Native
James McCrea was born in Ireland.

Birth
James was born somewhen about 1821, or 1822, the son of William and Margaret.[1]


Flag of County Donegal, Ireland
James McCrea migrated from County Donegal, Ireland to New South Wales, Australia.
Flag of New South Wales, Australia

James emigrated from Donegal to New South Wales in 1841, as a 19 year old farm servant, per the ship "Helen", arriving on the 21st July.
James McCrea
Australia, New South Wales, Index to Bounty Immigrants, 1828-1842 Name: James McCrea[2]

James McCrea was a Bounty Immigrant to New South Wales.


Marriage and Children
James McCrea married Elizabeth Jennings Taylor on the 5th day of June 1849, in Scot's Church, Pitt Street, Sydney, New South Wales. James Fullerton LL.D. officiated and the witnesses were James and Maryanne Pinkertone.[3]

Children
James and Elizabeth had four children in the six years after their marriage began.
  • Catherine Eleanor (b 1850 - d 1915)
  • Emily Elizabeth (Minnie) (b 1851 - d 1911)
  • Margaret Hamilton (b 1853 - d 1853)
  • Overin (or Oberon) (b 1855 - d 1855)

Elizabeth Jennings McCrea née Taylor died in 1855, soon after the birth of their only son, leaving James to bring up two small girls (aged five years and four years) on his own.


Professions
1841: James was listed on his immigration card as a "farm servant".

James was a baker.
1850: James was a baker, residence: Paddington, as listed on Catherine Eleanor's birth/Christening record.[4]

1851: James was a baker, residence: Surrey Hills, as listed on Emily Elizabeth's birth/Christening record.[5]

1853: James was a baker, residence: Surry Hills, as listed on Margaret Hamilton's birth/Christening record.[6]
1854: James applied for a Publican's General License, for "the House to be known by the Sign 'Berwick Castle'" situated in Palmer Street, Sydney. This was granted upon payment of "a recognizance of 50 pounds" (£50) each from James and his two sureties: Michael Sullivan, of Surry Hills, Sydney and Robert Browne, of Palmer Street, Sydney. [7][8] (Of interest to some: £50 in 1850 is equivalent in purchasing power to $6,398 in 2017 (£1 in 1850 = £127.96 in 2017).)
James was a publican.

1855: James was a Publican, residence: Palmer Street, Sydney, as listed on Overin's birth/Christening record.[9]
1856: James was a Publican, residence: Palmer Street, Sydney, as shown by his (re)application for a Publican's License.[10][11][12]


Death and Burial
James McCrea passed away on the 19th May 1858, in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, after a lingering illness, aged 36 years, leaving his already orphaned daughters double orphans at the ages of eight years and seven years.[13] A notice of his death was published on page 9 of the Sydney Morning Herald, on Thursday the 10th June.[14]

A funeral notice appeared on page 1 of the Sydney Morning Herald, on Thursday 20th May 1858, placed by the local Oddfellows Lodge.[15]



Research Notes

Publicans Licenses New South Wales State Archives and Records

James McCrea married Elizabeth Jennings Taylor
Event date: 05/06/1849
Event type: Marriage
Scots Church Pitt Street Sydney
New South Wales
Registration number 684/1849 V1849684 79


James was alive in 1856 as he (re)applied for and was granted a Publican's license, but his daughter Emily never mentioned her father, although she did tell her daughter, Minnie, about a large house with lots of carriages pulling up in front. Minnie Gordon (later Press) believed, from her mother's accounts, that that house belonged to Elizabeth Jennings Taylor's family.
A James McCrea died in Sydney in 1858. If this is the correct James McCrea, it would make sense that the children didn't talk of him, as they would not have known him.
The parents listed on this registration are William and Margaret, but no birth/baptism has been found for James McCrea, McCrae, Mcrea, Macrea, Macrae, Mcray, or Macray, across the years 1815 to 1830. The only birth/baptismal registration for those years is that of James McCrea born in Wigtownshire, Scotland, to John McCrea and Elizabeth McCredie (whose name is also rendered at times as McCredy [16]. . . the marriage registration states McCredie, as does a probable birth/baptismal registration).
One other point should be noted: if this is the correct James McCrea (and there are no other deaths between 1856 and 1871), there was nobody left who knew him intimately enough to know who his parents were. His wife was dead, and his children only babes. It is possible, therefore, that the information was given by his in-laws, as it is believed they took both girls in to raise them.

There is a birth and baptism for a James McRae, born to William McRae and Margaret Eccles, in Lanarkshire.[17]


FamilySearch has a James McCrea born in December 1822, in County Donegal, Ireland, (Contae Dhún na nGall) to William McCrea and Margaret Hamilton, married to Elizabeth Jennings Taylor, and dying in 1858. While it is tempting to disregard this offering due to all family records to this point claiming James was Scottish, the birth date and the parents do provide sufficient argument that previous information has been removed as "not proven". That this Irish James McCrea also had a sister named Catherine (and listed as marrying Wallace Gordon) is further argument for a possible match.


If this is the correct James McCrea (and it is increasingly likely that it is), then he was the second eldest of five, and the eldest son (an older sister, a younger sister, and two younger brothers)*. It appears he may have emigrated ahead of the rest of the family, both sisters travelling on the same ship as their mother, Margaret Hamilton.
This opens up the possibility that his orphaned daughters were brought up by their paternal relatives, not their maternal ones (no trace of whom has been yet found). One of the memories passed on to her grandchildren by Emily Elizabeth was of visiting a "large house with a long, sweeping drive, and lots of horses and grand carriages". This would be more likely in Parramatta, where a relative was the Mayor, than in the confines of Sydney, where there wasn't much space for "long sweeping drives".


* The family McCrea that came as Bounty Immigrants:
Anne Jane McCrea (1822—)
James McCrea (1822—1858)
Henry McCrea (1826—1894)
Catherine McCrea (1829—1905)
William Alexander McCrea (1832—1893)


A James McCrea died in the Parramatta district in 1898. No family records show the McCrea family as ever being in Parramatta, but it cannot be ruled out. This James McCrea can definitely be ruled out, as when daughters Catherine Eleanor and Emily Elizabeth were married in 1874 and 1871 their father is mentioned as "the late James McCrea of Sydney".


Sources

  1. Based on death registration information.
  2. Citing this Record "Australia, New South Wales, Index to Bounty Immigrants, 1828-1842", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FL2Q-BRM : 13 June 2019), James McCrea, 1841.
  3. A copy of the certificate obtained from the State Library of Queensland (taken from a microfiche or microfilm image of the church register) is in the possession of Melanie Paul. The registry number is 531, with a handwritten 684 added at some later date. The NSW BDM Registration number is 684/1849 V1849684 79
  4. Document copy in possession of Mel Paul
  5. Document copy in possession of Mel Paul
  6. Document copy in possession of Mel Paul
  7. Document copy in possession of Mel Paul
  8. MCCRAE James Berwick Castle Palmer Street, Sydney 1854 6 December 1176 NRS 14403 [4/89]; Reel 5066
  9. Document copy in possession of Mel Paul
  10. MCCREA James Berwick Castle Palmer Street, Sydney 1856 15 April 0976 NRS 14403 [7/1507]; Reel 1239 on List of Certificates under Sydney
  11. MCCREA James Berwick Castle, The Palmer Street, Sydney 1856 23 April 0976 NRS 14403 [7/1506]; Reel 1238
  12. The Annual Licensing Meeting 1856
  13. NSW BDM Deaths Registration details: Name: MCCREA JAMES; Registration Number: 637/1858; Father's Given Name(s): WILLIAM; Mother's Given Name(s): MARGARET; District: SYDNEY
  14. National Library of Australia Trove death notice
  15. National Library of Australia Trove funeral notice
  16. scotlandspeople.gov.uk online index, search Surname: MCCREA, Forename: JAMES, Parents/ Other Details: JOHN MCCREA/ELIZABETH MCCREDY FR125 (FR125), Gender: M, Date: 31/12/1821, Parish Number: 887/, Ref: 20 11, Parish: Kirkcolm
  17. scotlandspeople.gov.uk online index, search Surname: MCRAE, Forename: JAMES, Parents/ Other Details: WILLIAM MCRAE/MARGARET ECCLES FR1414 (FR1414), Gender: M, Date: 12/02/1823, Parish Number: 651/, Ref: 60 139, Parish: Airdrie or New Monkland
  • Family records and birth, marriage, death certificates or certified copies, journal entries, letters, held by family members.
  • A number of printed off copies of certificates were obtained (paid for) from the State Library of Queensland (taken from a microfiche or microfilm image of the actual documents). These were originally in the possession of Ailsa Williamson Paul and passed to her daughter Melanie Paul prior to Ailsa's death in 2004. Scans, or partial scans, of these will be available as added.


James McCrea
Australia, New South Wales, Index to Bounty Immigrants, 1828-1842
Name: James McCrea
Event Type: Immigration
Event Date: 21 Jul 1841
Event Place: New South Wales, Australia
Event Place: , New South Wales, Australia
Residence Place: Stranorlar, Donegal,
Age: 19
Birth Year (Estimated): 1822
Ship Name: Helen
Father's Name: William McCrea
Mother's Name: Margaret
Volume: 46



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