Josephine (McDonald) Baker

Freda Josephine (McDonald) Baker (1906 - 1975)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Freda Josephine (Josephine) Baker formerly McDonald aka Martin, Wells
Born in St. Louis, St. Louis County, Missouri, United States of Americamap
Daughter of [father unknown] and
Sister of [half] and [half]
Wife of — married (to ) in St. Louis, St. Louis County, Missouri, United States of Americamap
Wife of — married (to ) in Camden, New Jersey, United States of Americamap
Wife of — married (to ) in Crèvecoeur-le-Grand, Oise, Francemap
Wife of — married (to ) in Castelnaud-Fayrac, Dordogne, Francemap
[children unknown]
Died in Paris, Île-de-France, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 22 Jun 2017
This page has been accessed 685 times.

Categories: Harlem Renaissance | Famous African Americans | LGBT | Famous Actors of the 20th Century | African-American Notables | US Civil Rights Activists | World War II French Spies | World War II Celebrity Spies | Chevaliers de la Légion d'honneur | Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with bronze palm | Castelnaud-Fayrac, Dordogne | Unconnected Notables of the United States of America | American Notables | Activists and Reformers.

Josephine (McDonald) Baker is Notable.
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Josephine (McDonald) Baker was a part of the Civil Rights Movement.
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Biography

Jospehine Baker was an African American dancer, singer and actress best known as being the first African-American woman to star in a major motion picture, Zouzou (1934) or to become a world-famous entertainer.

Josephine Baker, French Spy
When World War II rocked her adopted France, Baker didn't simply move to a more peaceful country. Instead, she stuck around and did her part for the war effort. Since she had initially publicly supported Mussolini's invasion of Ethiopia, the Axis powers mistakenly thought she was "one of them," and Baker took full advantage of this misconception.
Josephine (McDonald) Baker was a French Spy in World War II.

In fact, her fame made her the perfect spy. When Baker would travel Europe while touring, she obviously had to carry large quantities of sheet music with her. What customs officials never realized, though, was that a lot of this music actually had secret messages written on it in invisible ink. Fawning immigration officials never thought to take too close a look at the diva's luggage, so she could sneak all sorts of things in and out of countries. On some occasions, Baker would smuggle secret photos of German military installations out of enemy territory by pinning them to her underwear.[1]

Sources

  1. 5 Things You Never Knew about Josephine Baker
  • "United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M21Z-4WS : accessed 24 May 2017), Josephine Martin in household of Arthur Martin, St Louis Ward 7, St Louis (Independent City), Missouri, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 113, sheet 4A, family 90, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 814; FHL microfilm 1,374,827.
  • "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8ZJ-KQH : accessed 24 May 2017), Josephine Wells in household of Arthur Marten, St Louis Ward 16, St Louis (Independent City), Missouri, United States; citing ED 330, sheet 6A, line 1, family 138, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 952; FHL microfilm 1,820,952.

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DNA
No known carriers of Josephine's ancestors' mitochondrial DNA have taken an mtDNA test and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

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Images: 2
Josephine Baker
Josephine Baker

Josephine Baker (1950)
Josephine Baker (1950)

Collaboration

On 12 Apr 2015 at 05:05 GMT Bob Fields wrote:

Her LNAB should be McDonald, since she was born Freda Josephine McDonald (see wikipedia). Thanks.



M  >  McDonald  |  B  >  Baker  >  Freda Josephine (McDonald) Baker