||John McLoughlin was involved in the westward expansion of the USA.|
Join: Immigrant_Pioneers Project
Dr. John McLoughlin, was a Chief Factor and Superintendent of the Columbia District of the Hudson's Bay Company at Fort Vancouver from 1824 to 1845. He was later known as the "Father of Oregon" for his role in assisting the American cause in the Oregon Country in the Pacific Northwest. In the late 1840s his general store in Oregon City was famous as the last stop on the Oregon Trail.
John at a young age, studied medicine and began his practice in Montreal. He was persuaded by his uncle to join the North West Company as it's doctor, at Fort William on Lake Superior. The North West Company merged with the Hudson Bay Company and in 1824, they sent John west to be the Chief Factor of the Columbia District with headquarters then at Fort George, at the mouth of the Columbia River. The headquarters relocated to Ft. Vancouver.
Among his accomplishments, McLoughlin oversaw the building of the first lumbermill in the Pacific Northwest, encouraged settlement, surveyed and laid out Oregon City, where eventually he would live, and be elected the mayor.
In 1842, John became a Roman Catholic, and in 1851 he became a citizen of the United States.
|Dr. John McLoughlin|
McLoughlin's wife was Marguerite; who was Métis, the daughter of an aboriginal woman and one of the original partners of the North West Company, Jean-Etienne Wadin. She was the widow of Alexander McKay, a trader killed in the Tonquin incident. Her son Thomas became McLoughlin's stepson.
John McLoughlin lost one son to a violent death. John McLoughlin, Jr. had been appointed the second Clerk in Charge at Fort Stikine, only to die in April 1842 at the hands of one of the fort employees, Urbain Heroux, who was charged with his murder but acquitted for lack of evidence.
John and his family were enumerated on the 1850 Census for Oregon City in the Oregon Territory.
John died on Sep. 3, 1857. He is buried beside his wife at the John McLoughlin House Nationial Historic Site in Oregon City, Oregon.
His will was presented in Clackamas Probate Court 7 Sep 1857, by his executor Daniel Harvey.
"In the name of God, Amen, I John McLaughlin of Oregon city in the county of clackamas and Territory of Oregon of the age of seventy-two years ... that all my past debts and the charges and expenses of my funeral be paid ...
...all my lands, tenements, heredetaments and real estate, situate and lying in the parish of River De Loup in Canada East to my daughter Eliza Epps widow of the late deputy commissary General Epps of the British Army." After her decease this property was to be divided among her children.
His wife Margret McLaughlin was left the linens, china, and glass and household goods and furnishings (except the plate). She was given the use and enjoyment of the plate until her death, when it was to be given to daughter Eloisa Harvey. His widow was also amply provided for in annual payments.
Daughter Eloise Harvey wife of Daniel Harvey, son David McLaughlin, and son in law Daniel Harvey inherited the remainder of the considerable estate, which was well over $100,000.
Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.
On 3 Jul 2017 at 05:05 GMT Ron Norman BSN, RN wrote:
Categories: North West Company | Hudson's Bay Company | Persons of National Historic Significance | Collaborative Profile of the Week | Oregon City, Oregon, Mayors | McLoughlin House Gravesite, Oregon City, Oregon | Immigrant Pioneers | United States of America, Notables | Notables