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Mary (McPheeters) Crawford (1716 - 1764)

Mary "Molly" Crawford formerly McPheeters
Born in Irelandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married 1740 in Augusta Countymap
Descendants descendants
Died in Mountain View, Augusta, Virginiamap
Profile last modified | Created 13 Jul 2011
This page has been accessed 1,253 times.



User ID: 4E026655-943D-4B68-9FDE-404FA2928572
Record ID Number: MH:IF11798
Place: Ireland


User ID: 17DF53FE-EBCD-4E0F-9CA8-345628ED60DF
Record ID Number: MH:IF11799
Date: 1764


User ID: 6FFC8198-F73C-4642-B64C-2E904E7AA0B8
Record ID Number: MH:IF11802
Place: Glebe Cem., Augusta County, Virginia


Mary was born about 1716 in N. Ireland, the daughter to William McPheeters, Jr. and Rebecca Thompson. Mary McPheeters passed away in Oct 1764 with her husband Alexander Crawford at the hands of Indians in their home.

Mary McPheeters siblings are Annie McPheeters; Martha McPheeters; John McPheeters; William McPheeters; David McPheeters; Jane McPheeters; and Samuel McPheeters; according to "the Descendants of William McPheeters" . Section: The descendants of William McPheeters.

Alexander and Mary (McPheeters) had the following children;

  • 'William Crawford'-married Rachel Sawyers.
  • Margaret Crawford-married John Houston.
  • Elizabeth "Bettie" Crawford- married William Stainer and or ??Humphreys.
  • John Crawford-Married 1.Margaret Peggy Crawford, daughter of Patrick Crawford and Sarah "sally" Wilson, 2. Mary Craig, 3. Sarah "sally" Newman.
  • Edward Crawford, a Prsbyterian minister near Abingdon, Va, and a Presbyterian Minister in Tennessee.
  • James Crawford-died in 1803. He married his cousin Rebecca McPheeters. He was a Presbyterian Minister and Migrated to Walnut Hill near Lexington, Kentucky. James and Rebecca McPheeters are buried in the Walnut Hill Cemetery.
  • Martha Crawford, Craig-married Alexander Craig.
  • Mary Crawford married in 1797 to Gilbert Campbell.
  • Robert Crawford-married Martha Paxton, who was born 1753.
  • Samuel Crawford-born 1759.
  • Alexander Crawford, Jr.- (twin of Rebecca's)
  • Rebecca Crawford, Sawyers- was born 1752, married John Sawyer, she is the twin of Alexanders. [1]
She was murdered by Indians and there is no gravestone for her, according to the D.A.R. 1934 inventory by the Col. Thomas Hughart Chapter.
Some records say she was born in ABOUT 1716 in Ireland and that she died prior to November 1764. No sources are listed.
The Family History of Col. John Sawyers and Simon Harris and their Descendants," by Madison Monroe Harris and William Randolph Carter, pages 134-35 had data on the Indian Raid and says she was tomahawked.
Hebron Presbyterian Church, 1746 - 1996, compiled in 1996 for the 250th Anniversay of the Church, page 24 says Hugh Young, Alexander Crawford and Mary Crawford were murdered by the Indians in 1764, are known to have been buried at the Glebe Cemetery. They have no markers. No dates are given for them.


  • Section: The descendants of William McPheeters

Source The McPheeters family [database on-line]. Provo, UT: Operations Inc, 2005. Original data: Rice, Helen McPheeters.. The McPheeters family. Winter Park, Fla.: unknown, 1956. [2]

  • Source The McPheeters family [database on-line]. Provo, UT: Operations Inc, 2005.

Original data: Rice, Helen McPheeters.. The McPheeters family. Winter Park, Fla.: unknown, 1956. [3]

  • Memoir of Samuel B McPheeters-excerpt;

Source: 1871; online source-Oct 2015


  • Thanks to Rae Ball for starting this profile.
  • WikiTree profile McPheeters-26 created through the import of Westbrook_Rister_Pittman_Armst.ged on Jul 12, 2011 by Gary Westbrook.
  • WikiTree profile McPheeters-57 created through the import of Wiki Tree.GED on Jun 30, 2012 by Dale Smith.

The story of Alexander Crawford and his wife were murdered by Indians, in October, 1764, it is believed. All we know certainly in regard to Crawford's latter days is, that he was alive February 18, 1762, when he became one of the securities of Thomas Gardiner, jr., in a guardian's bond; and that he was dead by November court, 1764, when his administrator qualified.

His wife's maiden name was Mary McPheeters. He acquired an extensive tract of land in Augusta, covering a part of the Little North mountain, and extending far out into the plain. It embraced sixteen hundred and forty acres. His dwelling stood on a knoll, at the eastern base of the mountain, and looked out towards the rising sun on a wide tract of level land. It was "beautiful for situation." The spot is about two miles northeast of Buffalo Gap, and a hundred yards south of the present residence of Baxter Crawford, a great-grand-son of Alexander and Mary. The site of the house is now marked by a thicket, surrounding a pile of unhewn stones which composed the chimney

Here Alexander and Mary Crawford had eleven children, seven sons and fonr daughters. They had an abundance of all the good things the times and country afforded, and until the Indian wars arose, lived in peace and plenty. They belonged to a God-fearing race, and doubtless walked in the old ways of their pious ancestors. The father and mother, were, however, both slaughtered by savages, on their premises, with no human eye near enough to witness the tragedy.

Much uncertainty has existed as to the date of the occurrence. But at November County Court, 1764, William McPheeters qualified as administrator of Alexander Crawford, and, although some of the latter's descendants insist upon an earlier date, it seems highly probable, if not absolutely certain, that the slaughter was perpetrated in October of the year mentioned.

The rumor had gone abroad that an invasion by Indians was threatened, and all the Crawford family had taken refuge in a house at the Big Spring. This house was called a fort, being better able to resist an attack than most dwellings of the period, and was often resorted to by the people around in time of danger. It is probably the ancient stone house, still standing and used as a dwelling, on the south side of Middle river, two miles south of the present village of Churchville, and about three miles from Alexander Crawford's. It has long been known as the "old Keller house." The windows are few in number and very narrow, hardly more than a foot wide.

On the day of the slaughter, early in the morning, it is said, Alexander Crawford and his wife returned home to procure a supply of vegetables, while two of their sons, William and John, went upon the mountain to salt the horses which had been turned out to graze. From their elevation on the side of the mountain, the two youths saw the smoke and flames of the burning homestead.

We may imagine that the men of the neighborhood were somewhat slow to assemble. No one knew but his house would be attacked next, and every man felt it necessary to protect his own family if possible. When the people rallied and repaired to the Crawford place, the dwelling had been consumed by fire. The charred remains of Alexander Crawford were found in the ashes, showing that he had been killed in the house. His wife's body was found outside, and it was inferred that she had attempted to escape, but was overtaken and tomahawked. The remains of both were gathered up and buried in the Glebe graveyard.

The sale bill of Alexander Crawford's personal estate amounted to 333 British P. about $1,114, a larger sum than was common at that day. We mention as some indication of the state of the times. that among the articles sold by the administrator were a still and a wolf trap. All the family records and other household effects perished with the dwelling.

According to Genealogies of Kentucky Families from The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Vol. I Record for Genealogies of Kentucky Families from The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Vol. I:

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posted 6 Dec 2011 by Nelson Crawford
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Mary by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage (beta) of DNA with Mary:

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Comments: 11

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Find A Grave doesn't mean anything without sources.
posted by Nancy (Allen) Jones
Elanor is not one of Alexander and Mary McPheeters children. She is not listed in the Descendants of McPheeters, or in the Annuals of August co, and not on Find A She needs to be deleted both from Alexander and Mary McPheeters profile.
posted by Theresia Kennedy
I did not add all the children when I posted the entry. I put a whole line in at the time, there were 11 children.

all of them are property listed in the Annuls Of Agusta. The R1 line seems to have picked the 1700s to split into R1a and R1b. There are both R1a and R1b divideing into the 2 seperate lines at that point. I try to verify both before and after the ancestor to verify. I find a lot of persons based only on Autosomal that way. Keep in mind that the Autosomal will include everyone and if you put a person in that dosent belong it can wipe out a lot of valid research.

posted by Wayne Prather
Before changing anything plese check the following Derek Reginald Crawford UEKTN

Monty Crawford 5EFDH Frederick H Crawford 2MJZG Wayne Prather (Crawford) HEC6F

These 4 and others represent A Paternal Crawford line which is the reason you will find the little check mark on their profile if you check. Thats the YDNA line (Paternal) if you havent figured that out. look on FTDNA and you will find that its already figured out for you, for further info and HELP also go to the McDonald site and find The CTS4179 bunch there which are also labled for ease in researching.

posted by Wayne Prather
McPheeters-26 and McPheeters-57 appear to represent the same person because: Clear duplicate. Robert Crawford is also listed as son.
posted by Rick Gardiner

I'd lean towards merging. The Annals of Augusta does list all the children 11 (9 +2) as coming from one mother names Mary McPheeters. There are some issue with birth dates and birth order. Also, the grandchildren and spouse I looked at seem to aligne. Also, the criteria for merging is not that everything has original sources. The source is from 1888 so it a least it is closer in time to by 125 years than now. Also, if we are waiting for information the merge should be set to unmatched unless you are making a definitive statement they are different people, which I do not believe you are. That is my take from reading

On the other hand, is there any evidence for there being two Mary McPheeters that married Alander Crawford?

posted by Marty (Lenover) Acks
McPheeters-199 and McPheeters-57 appear to represent the same person because: see memoirs of SB McPheeters
posted by Jim Parsons
McPheeters-26 and McPheeters-199 do not represent the same person because: Not clearly duplicates. The only common facts are husband's name and year of death. Many children listed, but not two of them match. There is not enough confirming evidence to assume they represent the same person. Possibly, but more evidence is needed.
posted by Ron Wyatt
McPheeters-26 and McPheeters-199 appear to represent the same person because: Clear duplicate.
posted by Rick Gardiner
McPheeters-199 and McPheeters-26 do not represent the same person because: Jim, I'm not going to approve this merge. Not that I am saying the data isn't valid, I am saying that you didn't offer much evidence to support the merge. The source you gave (Annuls of Agusta) doesn't have any sources of it's own. The 199 profile listed only 2 children, and neither of them were among the 9 in the 26 profile. I would be happy to reconsider should you find more evidence. The other profile manager may not agree with me, but my opinion is no for this merge. Good luck to you!
posted by Ron Wyatt

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