John (Mc Arthur) Macarthur
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John (Mc Arthur) Macarthur (bef. 1767 - 1834)

John Macarthur formerly Mc Arthur aka McArthur, MacArthur
Born before in Stoke Damerel, Devon, Englandmap
Brother of
Husband of — married 6 Oct 1788 in Bridgerule, Devon, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Camden, New South Walesmap
Profile last modified | Created 3 Nov 2017
This page has been accessed 1,652 times.

Contents

Biography

Notables Project
John (Mc Arthur) Macarthur is Notable.

John Macarthur was a British army officer, entrepreneur, politician, architect and pioneer of settlement in Australia. While a divisive character in the early settlement, Macarthur is recognised as a pioneer of the wool industry that was to become central to the economy of the nation.

Early Life (1767 - 1790)

John Macarthur was born around 1767 and christened in the name ‘John Mc Arthur’ at Stoke Damerel, Devon, on 3 September 1767.[1] His parents were Alexander and Catherine, both formerly of Scotland.

He married his wife Elizabeth on 6 October 1788 at Bridgerule in Devon. [2]

Arrival in New South Wales (1790 - 1801)

As a Lieutenant in the New South Wales Corps, he sailed with the Second Fleet to the newly formed Colony of New South Wales in 1790, and his wife Elizabeth and infant son Edward accompanied him. Initially they were on the 'Neptune', but following a duel with the first master of the ship and another disagreement with his successor, the family transferred to the Scarborough before it reached the Cape of Good Hope. [3]The family finally arrived at Port Jackson on 28 Jun 1790. [4]

In 1793, John and Elizabeth established Elizabeth Farm at Rosehill near Parramatta [5][6]and built it up with convict labour of the next few years, so that it was one of the foremost farms in the colony. [4] The farm included the largest flock of fine-wooled sheep.[7] Over this period, six more children were born.

The period was marked by constant disputes and his allegiance to successive Governors was questioned. Finally he was ordered to return to England for court martial in 1801. [4]

First Return to England (1801 - 1805)

John returned to England with two of his children on a journey that took over 12 months. The court martial came to nothing, with advice to the King that the matter should not proceed further and he should return to his regiment in New South Wales. [4]

However, Macarthur had taken some example fleeces with him to England, and the quality of the fleeces and the opportunities for a wool industry in the colony so impressed authorities, in particular Lord Camden the Colonial Secretary, that instead, he was given permission to resign his Army commission and return to New South Wales to develop the wool industry. [4] [7]

First Return to New South Wales (1805 - 1809)

Establishment of Camden Park

Macarthur returned to New South Wales with some of the finest sheep from the Royal flock and the promise of up to 10,000 acres of the best pasture in the Colony. He initially claimed 5000 acres at Cowpastures, south-west of Parramatta. [8]

Although Governor King opposed Macarthur's selection, his request was upheld by Lord Camden, and Macarthur established 'Camden Park'. [9]

The Rum Rebellion

Macarthur had expanded into merchant and commerical interests during this period and was part owner of a trading vessel. [4] When Governor Bligh was appointed to reign in the excesses in the commerce of the Colony, he soon found himself in conflict with Macarthur. [7]

When George Johnston lead the 'Rum Rebellion' by the New South Wales Corp against Governor Bligh on 26 January 1808, Macarthur was another of the lead conspirators. [10] [7]

Following the coup, Macarthur was appointed to a new position of Colonial Secretary, in which he exercised considerable power until the arrival of Governor Macquarie in 1810 [4]

Second Return to England (1809 - 1817)

Meanwhile, Macarthur had headed back to England in 1809, and remained there for eight and a half years, as there was an arrest warrant out for him in New South Wales. In 1817, after years of negotiation, Lord Camden granted him an unconditional return to New South Wales, as long as he no longer participated in public affairs. [4] He was never tried for his involvement in the Rum Rebellion. [7]

Final Years in Australia (1817 - 1834)

In July 1825 Macarthur was one of the three unofficial nominated members of the newly-created Legislative Council of New South Wales. [4] He was residing in the Parramatta district with his wife and children Elizabeth and Emmeline, and a large household of servants and labourers in 1828. [11]

Macarthur died on the 10th or 11th April 1834 at Camden and was buried at Camden Park. [12][13][14]

Sources

  1. "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N5Z6-K8G : 30 December 2014, John Mc Arthur, 03 Sep 1767); citing STOKE DAMEREL,DEVON,ENGLAND, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 916,919.
  2. "England, Devon Bishop's Transcripts, 1558-1887," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QLGR-3RHM : 11 September 2019), John McArthur and Elizabeth Veale, Bridgerule, Devon, England
  3. Dictionary of Sydney Website. Accessed 6 Sep 2020. The Dictionary of Sydney: Scarborough: Second Fleet (by Penny Edwell, 2016)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 Margaret Steven, 'Macarthur, John (1767–1834)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/macarthur-john-2390/text3153, published first in hardcopy 1967, accessed online 3 November 2017.
  5. Wikipedia Article. Elizabeth Farm
  6. Sydney Living Museums Website. Accessed 6 Sep 2020.Sydney Living Museums: A Turbulent Past (re Elizabeth Farm, the Macarthurs' residence at Rosehill near Parramatta)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Wikipedia profile: John Macarthur (wool pioneer)
  8. Camden History Website. Accessed 6 Sep 2020. Cowpastures Region 1795-1840
  9. Camden Park House Website. Accessed 6 Sep 2020. Camden Park House Camden Park House history
  10. Wikipedia Article. Rum Rebellion
  11. "Australia, New South Wales, 1828 Census," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QKXY-5B8L : 16 March 2018), John Mcarthur, Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia
  12. NSW Government. Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages. John Mc Arthur, Death. Registration number: 2141/1834 V18342141 18 Age: 66. Deaths search page
  13. Family Notices (1834, April 15). The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842), p. 3. Retrieved September 6, 2020, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2215894
  14. Family Notices (1834, April 17). The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 - 1842), p. 3. Retrieved September 6, 2020, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12849125


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John Macarthur is 25 Degrees from Debbie Thomas

on my father's family side.

posted by Debbie (Fink) Thomas
John Macarthur's brother James 1752/1824 married Catherine Hawkins 1758/1824. Their son Hannibal Hawkins Macarthur 1788/1861 married Anna Maria King 1793/1852. She was daughter of Philip Gidley King. Hannibal and Anna's daughter, Mary King Macarthur 1822/1898 married Hugh Gordon 1816/1857. Their son Lambert Skene Gordon 1857/1950, was my paternal great grandfather.
posted by Anne McNeill