George Meade

George Gordon Meade (1815 - 1872)

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Maj. Gen. George Gordon Meade
Born in Cadiz, Andalucia, Spainmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 16 May 2014
This page has been accessed 3,382 times.

Categories: United States Army, Mexican-American War | 3rd Regiment of Artillery, United States Army, Second Seminole War | Union Army Generals, United States Civil War | Wounded in Action, United States of America, United States Civil War | Battle of Gaine's Mill | Battle of Glendale | Battle of Chancellorsville | Battle of Fredericksburg | Battle of Gettysburg | United States Military Academy | Namesakes US Counties | Died in Military Service, United States of America | 2nd Regiment, Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry, United States Civil War.


Contents

Biography

Maj. Gen. George Meade served in the United States Civil War.
Enlisted: 1842
Mustered out: Nov 6, 1872 (DMS)
Side: USA
Regiment(s): 2nd Brigade of the Pennsylvania Reserves; Army of the Potomac


Summary

George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 – November 6, 1872) was a career United States Army officer and civil engineer involved in coastal construction, including several lighthouses. He fought with distinction in the Second Seminole War and the Mexican-American War. During the American Civil War he served as a Union general, rising from command of a brigade to the Army of the Potomac. He is best known for defeating Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863.[1]

For more detailed biography see Wikipedia:Major General George G Meade

Early Years

Meade was born in Cádiz, Spain, eighth of eleven children of Richard Worsam Meade (1778–1828) and Margaret Coats Butler (1782–1852). His brother, Richard Worsam Meade II, was a future naval officer. His father, a wealthy Philadelphia merchant serving in Spain as a naval agent for the U.S. government, was ruined financially because of his support of Spain in the Napoleonic Wars and died in 1828 while Meade was not yet a teenager.

Family

Spouse: Margaretta (Sergeant) Meade (1814 - 1886)
Children:
  1. John Sergeant Meade (1841 - 1865)*
  2. George Gordon Meade (1843 - 1897)*
  3. Margaret Butler Meade (1845 - 1905)*
  4. Spencer Meade (1850 - 1911)*
  5. Sarah Wise Meade Large (1851 - 1913)*
  6. Henrietta Meade (1853 - 1944)*
  7. William Meade (1855 - 1891)*

Military Career

For a year, he served with the 3rd U.S. Artillery in Florida, fighting against the Seminole Indians, before resigning from the Army, a career he had not intended to pursue, even while attending West Point.

Finding steady civilian employment was difficult for the newly married man, so he reentered the army in 1842 as a second lieutenant in the Corps of Topographical Engineers. Meade served in the Mexican–American War, assigned to the staffs of Generals Zachary Taylor, William J. Worth, and Robert Patterson, and was brevetted to first lieutenant for gallant conduct at the Battle of Monterrey.

George Meade went from captain to a rank of brigadier general of the volunteers in 1861. This was done due to the recommendation of then Pennsylvania governor, Curtin. His assignment was to command the Second Brigade of the reserves in Pennsylvania. When Hooker resigned as commander for the Army of the Potomac, Lincoln informed Meade that he was to be the replacement in the position Hooker had left. Meade led the battle that is seen by historians as one of the turning points of the Civil War when during the Battle of Gettysburg he confronted General Lee and won. After the win in Gettysburg the Confederate Army under General Lee went back to Virginia. When Meade did not pursue the Confederacy during their retreat he was criticized for not doing so.[2]

Death

General Meade died in Philadelphia, while still on active duty, from complications of his old wounds, combined with pneumonia, on November 6, 1872. He was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery. [3]

Burial

Cemetery: Laurel Hill Cemetery
Location: Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, USA
Note: Plot: Section L, Lot 1-7 [4]

Time Line

December 31, 1815 - George G. Meade is born in Cádiz, Spain.
1835 - George G. Meade graduates from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, finishing nineteenth in his class.
1861 - As the American Civil War begins, George G. Meade, a Mexican War veteran, is given command of a brigade of Pennsylvania troops.
June 27, 1862 - Union general George G. Meade sees combat action for the first time in the Civil War at the Battle of Gaines' Mill in Hanover County, Virginia.
'June 30, 1862 - While fighting at the Battle of Glendale in Henrico County, Union general George G. Meade is seriously wounded, though he recovers within the year.
December 13, 1862 - The only Union success at the Battle of Fredericksburg comes when Union general George G. Meade achieves a breakthrough against Confederate general A. P. Hill's division.
June 28, 1863 - General Joseph Hooker, commander of the Union Army of the Potomac, resigns after a dispute with Union general-in-chief Henry W. Halleck. U.S. President Abraham Lincoln hands the job of defending Pennsylvania from Confederate invasion to General George G. Meade. His troops are massed near Frederick, Maryland.
July 1–3, 1863 - Union general George G. Meade defeats Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg, forcing the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia to retreat toward Virginia.
March 1864 - During his first meeting with Ulysses S. Grant, the Union army's new general-in-chief, George G. Meade offers to resign. His request is denied.
November 6, 1872 - George G. Meade dies of pneumonia in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Legacy

  • Meade County, Kansas and Meade County, South Dakota were both named in Gen. Meade's honor.

Sources

  1. Wikipedia:Major General George G Meade
  2. History Net: Tom Huntington is the author of Pennsylvania Civil War Trails: The Guide to Battle Sites, Monuments, Museums and Towns. George Meade
  3. Eicher, p. 384; "The Soldier's Rest.; Obsequies of Gen. Meade in Philadelphia.". New York Times. November 11, 1872.
  4. Find A Grave: Memorial #702


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with George by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with George:

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Images: 2
George Meade Image 1
George Meade Image 1

George Meade with Staff
George Meade with Staff

Collaboration

On 14 Sep 2016 at 04:02 GMT Mary Richardson wrote:

Hi Vicki, Here is a new Mexican American war template, if you wish to add it to your profile.

{{Mexican American War which will need you to add the brackets on right side to enclose. thanks mary

On 3 Jul 2014 at 01:01 GMT Paula J wrote:

Great profile, Toby!!



George is 18 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 22 degrees from Katy Jurado and 13 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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