Better known as Anna Leopoldovna, she was regent of Russia briefly in 1740-1 for her infant son, Ivan VI. Young and pleasure-loving, Anna Leopoldovna and her husband were deposed and removed from power in a coup led by her cousin, Elizabeth Petrovna. They were exiled to Kholmogory, where they had more children, with Anna dying of puerperal fever shortly after the birth of her son Aleksey. Her elder son, Ivan VI, was separated from his family, imprisoned, and horribly neglected. A plot to free him was discovered; Ivan's jailers immediately murdered him, and the conspirators were arrested and put to death as well.
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