Dmitri was born in 1834. He passed away in 1907. He was the son of Ivan Pavlovich Mendeleev (1783—1847) and Maria Dmitrievna Mendeleeva (née Kornilieva) (1793—1850). His paternal grandfather Pavel Maximovich Sokolov was a Russian Orthodox priest from the Tver region.
He is considered to be the father of the periodic table of the elements. Mendeleev was widely honored by scientific organizations all over Europe. The Royal Society of London awarded him the Davy Medal in 1882 and the Copley Medal in 1905.
In 1905, Mendeleev was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The following year the Nobel Committee for Chemistry recommended to the Swedish Academy to award the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Mendeleev for his discovery of the periodic system, but it was awarded to Henri Moissan instead, supposedly due to the influence of Svante Arrhenius.
Mendeleev also researched the composition of petroleum, and helped to found the first oil refinery in Russia. He recognized the importance of petroleum as a feedstock for petrochemicals. He is credited with a remark that burning petroleum as a fuel "would be akin to firing up a kitchen stove with bank notes." 
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