Robert Menzies

Robert Gordon Menzies (1894 - 1978)

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Sir Robert Gordon "Bob" Menzies
Born in Jeparit, Victoria, Australiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Victoria, Australiamap
[children unknown]
Died in Malvern, Victoria, Australiamap
Profile last modified | Created 19 Mar 2014
This page has been accessed 1,298 times.

Categories: Victoria Legislative Assembly | Australian Prime Ministers | Jeparit, Victoria | University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria | Scottish Clans Project | Clan Menzies.

Preceded by
Earle Page
12th Prime Minister of Australia
26 April 1939 to 29 August 1941
Succeeded by
Arthur Fadden
Preceded by
Ben Chifley
second term as Prime Minister of Australia
19 December 1949 to 26 January 1966
Succeeded by
Harold Holt

Biography

Robert Menzies is a member of Clan Menzies.

Robert Menzies - 'Bob' Menzies or Mr Menzies - was Australia's longest serving Prime Minister, a total of 18 years and five months.

Early in his first period in office, he announced the declaration of the Second World War to the people of Australia. In 1944 he helped start the Liberal Party, which in terms of winning elections, has been the most successful party in federal politics. He presided over Australia's longest period of prosperity and rising living standards this century.


Robert Gordon Menzies was born in Jeparit, Victoria, on 20 December 1894,[1] the fourth of five children of Australian-born parents James Menzies, storekeeper, and his wife Kate, née Sampson. The forebears were Scots on the paternal side and Cornish on the maternal. Kate, of Cornish descent, was the daughter of a miners' union leader.

Though lacking much formal education themselves, Menzies' parents were anxious that their children should have the best that could be afforded. Thus the eldest four-Les, Frank, Belle and Bob-were sent in turn to Ballarat's Humffray Street State School, boarding with their father's redoubtable Scots mother, the widowed Elizabeth. Bob did best, topping the State scholarship examination in 1907, and studying in consequence for two years at Grenville College, a Ballarat private school. It opened the way to another scholarship, which Menzies took at Wesley College, Melbourne. Success there won him an exhibition to the University of Melbourne (LL.B., 1916; LL.M., 1918). He was admitted as a barrister in 1918, built up a highly successful practice and became the youngest Kings Consel in Victoria in 1929.

He married Pattie Maie Leckie in 1920,[2] and they had three children.

He was a member of the Victorian State Parliament (1928-34), serving as Deputy Premier and Attorney General (1932-4). Elected to Federal Parliament in 1934, he was immediately appointed Attorney General, until becoming Prime Minister on the eve of World War II in 1939. Reduced to minority government after the 1940 election, he was forced to resign as Prime Minister and party leader in August 1941. He launched a new party, the Liberal Party, in 1944, and won the 1949 election, the first of seven election victories. He retired in January 1966.

Extract from Australian Dictionary of Biography

Queen Elizabeth II appointed him K.T. (1963), and when (Sir) Harold (Baron) Wilson nominated him to succeed Churchill as constable of Dover Castle and warden of the Cinque Ports (1965), ceremonial titles which gave him a uniform and a residence at Walmer Castle. He had been appointed a privy counsellor in 1937 and C.H. in 1951. Among many additional awards and distinctions, he was appointed to the U.S. Legion of Merit in 1950.

Sir Robert died on 15 May 1978.[3]

Sources

  1. VIC BDM birth reg. no. 4435 in 1895
  2. VIC BDM marriage reg. no. 9417 in 1920
  3. VIC BDM death reg. no. 11651 in 1978


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Collaboration

Robert is 35 degrees from Sharon Caldwell, 30 degrees from Burl Ives and 29 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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