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Pybba (Mercia) of Mercia (0570 - bef. 0615)

Pybba "King of Mercia" of Mercia formerly Mercia aka ap Creoda
Born in Kingdom of Merciamap
Ancestors ancestors
Son of and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died before in Kingdom of Merciamap
Profile last modified | Created 31 Aug 2012
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European Aristocracy
Pybba (Mercia) of Mercia was a member of aristocracy in ancient Europe.
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Contents

Biography

Name

Pybba [1] (also Pibba, Wibba, Wybba) was an early King of Mercia. [2]

Unusually, the names Pybba and Penda are likely of British Celtic, rather than Germanic, origin. [3]

570 Birth Year Estimation

Wikipedia notes that his dates are sometimes given in genealogies as birth in 570, the beginning of his reign in 593, and death in either 606 or 615, but with no apparent evidence; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle just mentions him as father of Penda, with no further detail. [2]

Parents

Pybba, King of Mercia, was the son of Creoda. [2]

Pybba was the son of Creoda. [4]

Pybba was of the Iclingas dynasty.

Pybba was the son of Creoda, son of Cynewald [5]

Cawley notes that the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Penda was the son of "Pybba, son of Creoda, son of Creowald…" when recording Penda’s accession[445], but gives no other details about the lives of these alleged ancestors. [5]

With respect to Creoda, Cawley adds that Henry of Huntingdon names "Crida" as first king in "regnum Merce" but does not date his reign. Roger of Wendover records that "Credda" became king of Mercia in 585 Henry of Huntingdon records that "Crida rex Merce" died (no date stated but dated to [590/95] from the context) and was succeeded by "filius eius Wipha". Roger of Wendover records the death of "Credda Merciorum rege" in 588. Most importantly, Cawley states that no corroboration has been found in any earlier sources for any of this information. [5]

Creoda died between 588 and 595.[5]

Penda. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Penda was the son of "Pybba, son of Creoda, son of Creowald…" when recording Penda’s accession, but gives no other details about the lives of these alleged ancestors. [5]

593 Reign

Pybba reigned from about 593 to about 606. [4]

Pybba's reign in Mercia began in the time frame 593-606 and ended in the year 615 of the Common Era. He was succeeded by Cearl. [2]

Henry of Huntingdon records that "Crida rex Merce" died (no date stated but dated to [590/95] from the context) and was succeeded by "filius eius Wipha". Roger of Wendover records that "Wibba filius eius" succeeded on the death of "Credda Merciorum rege" in 588 and ruled for three years.[5]

Pybba extended Mercian control into the western Midlands. [4]

Death

Pybba died between 591 and 615. [5]

Pybba died about 606.[4]

Successor

Cearl, a Mercian king, is mentioned by Bede, and may have been Pybba's successor, but his relationship to Pybba, if any, is unknown. Pybba's son Penda eventually became king; the Chronicle gives the date of this as 626, although Bede suggests it was not until after the battle of Hatfield Chase in 633. [2]

Issue

Children's birth year estimation. Assuming his birth in about 570, Pybba's children would be born in the time period 591 to 606. Including 12 sons and 2 daughters would account for 14 children in as little as 15 years, therefore estimate the first child born 592 and other known children born at 3 year intervals thereafter. These estimates are highly speculative and should be revised when better information is available.

Pybba had four children, Penda, Eoppa, Cyneburga and an unnamed daughter.[5]

Pybba was the father of Penda and Eowa [4]

Pybba is said by the Historia Brittonum to have had 12 sons.[6]

Besides Penda and Eowa (who the author of the Historia Brittonum said were the sons of Pybba who were the best known to him[2]), Pybba also apparently had a son named Coenwalh. Every king from Penda until Ceolwulf, who was deposed in 823, was said to be a descendant of Pybba, either through Penda, Eowa, or Coenwalh (perhaps excluding Beornrad, who ruled briefly and whose background is unknown). [2]

Pybba also is said to have had a daughter. Though unnamed, she was possibly the first wife of Cenwalh, King of Wessex (648-674).[7]

Known issue:[8]

  1. Penda [2], born, say, 592. Penda was killed in battle at Winwæd, near Leeds Autumn 654). The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records, under 626, that "Penda ruled for thirty years" and was "fifty when he succeeded to the kingdom", adding that he was son of "Pybba, son of Creoda, son of Cynewald…"[453]. Bearing in mind the likely birth dates estimated for some of his sons (see below), his age must be exaggerated in this source. He succeeded in [626] as PENDA King of Mercia, under the overlordship of Northumbria.] [5] Penda, son of Pybba, reigned ten years; he first separated the kingdom of Mercia from that of the North-men, and slew by treachery Anna, king of the East Anglians, and St. Oswald, king of the North-men. He fought the battle of Cocboy, in which fell Eawa, son of Pybba, his brother, king of the Mercians, and Oswald, king of the North-men, and he gained the victory by diabolical agency. He was not baptized, and never believed in God.[8]
  2. Eowa [2], born, say, 595 EOPPA [Eawa or Offa] (-killed in battle Maserfeld 641). Eoppa is named in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle only as grandfather of Æthelbald King of Mercia: "Æthelbald…son of Alweo, son of Eawa, son of Pybba"[454].][5] Eawa, son of Pybba, brother of Penda, fell in the battle of Cocboy in which Oswald, king of the North-men, also fell, and Penda gained the victory. [8]
  3. Cyneburga, born, say, 598. It is possible that her marriage was part of the "agreement" reached between her brother Penda King of Mercia and Cynegils King of Wessex in 628 after the battle of Cirencester which is referred to in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle[455]. Bede records that "Coinualch" repudiated "sorore Pendan regis Merciorum" to marry a second wife[456]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. m ([628], repudiated 645) as his first wife, CENWALH of Wessex, son of CYNEGILS King of Wessex (-672). He succeeded his father in 641 as CENWALH King of Wessex. He was expelled from Wessex in 645 by Penda King of Mercia, in revenge for repudiating his wife who was Penda's sister. [5]
  4. unnamed daughter, born, say, 601 who married Cenwalh, King of Wessex. <rev name="wiki"/> Roger of Wendover records that the mother of "rex Britonum Cadwallo…Cadwaladrus filius eius…juvenem" was "soror Pendæ regis Merciorum" whom Cadwallon married after his alliance with King Penda[457]. However, the passage in this source is confused as it also records the death of King Cadwallon senior in 676. m CADWALLON ap Cadfan King of Gwynedd, son of CADFAN ap Iago & his wife --- (-killed in battle Denisesburn [635]). He joined forces with Penda King of Mercia against Eadwine King of Northumbria at Hatfield Chase in 633[458]. [5]

Sources

  1. Pybba 1 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Wikipedia: Pybba_of_Mercia Accessed 2/5/2019 jhd
  3. Higham, Nicholas J.; Ryan, Martin J. (2013), The Anglo-Saxon World, Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-12534-4, p. 143. Cited by Wikipedia: Pybba_of_Mercia Accessed 2/5/2019 jhd
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Wikitree. Kings of Mercia Family Tree. Citing Zaluckyj, Sarah & Feryok, Marge. Mercia: The Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Central England (2001) ISBN 1-873827-62-8. Accessed 2/5/2019 jhd
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 Cawley, Charles. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal FamiliesPybba son of Creoda Accessed 2/5/2019 jhd
  6. Historia Brittonum, Chapter 65. Cited by Wikipedia: Pybba_of_Mercia Accessed 2/5/2019 jhd
  7. Beda: HE 3,7 Cited by Wikipedia: Pybba_of_Mercia Accessed 2/5/2019 jhd
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Nennius: Historia Brittonum, 8th Century The Genealogy of the Mercians, 60, added 2014-07-01, amb

See also:

Ashley, M. (2008). Mercia (585-919): Including Hwicce, Lindsey and the Magonsaete. A Brief History of British Kings and Queens, (pp.432). Philadelphia, PA: Running Press Book Publishers. Print.



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Pybba is 36 degrees from Cecil B. DeMille, 42 degrees from Rosalie Neve and 24 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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