||Pybba (Mercia) of Mercia was a member of aristocracy in ancient Europe.|
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Unusually, the names Pybba and Penda are likely of British Celtic, rather than Germanic, origin. 
Wikipedia notes that his dates are sometimes given in genealogies as birth in 570, the beginning of his reign in 593, and death in either 606 or 615, but with no apparent evidence; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle just mentions him as father of Penda, with no further detail. 
Pybba, King of Mercia, was the son of Creoda. 
Pybba was the son of Creoda. 
Pybba was of the Iclingas dynasty.
Pybba was the son of Creoda, son of Cynewald 
Cawley notes that the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Penda was the son of "Pybba, son of Creoda, son of Creowald…" when recording Penda’s accession, but gives no other details about the lives of these alleged ancestors. 
With respect to Creoda, Cawley adds that Henry of Huntingdon names "Crida" as first king in "regnum Merce" but does not date his reign. Roger of Wendover records that "Credda" became king of Mercia in 585 Henry of Huntingdon records that "Crida rex Merce" died (no date stated but dated to [590/95] from the context) and was succeeded by "filius eius Wipha". Roger of Wendover records the death of "Credda Merciorum rege" in 588. Most importantly, Cawley states that no corroboration has been found in any earlier sources for any of this information. 
Creoda died between 588 and 595.
Penda. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Penda was the son of "Pybba, son of Creoda, son of Creowald…" when recording Penda’s accession, but gives no other details about the lives of these alleged ancestors. 
Pybba reigned from about 593 to about 606. 
Pybba's reign in Mercia began in the time frame 593-606 and ended in the year 615 of the Common Era. He was succeeded by Cearl. 
Henry of Huntingdon records that "Crida rex Merce" died (no date stated but dated to [590/95] from the context) and was succeeded by "filius eius Wipha". Roger of Wendover records that "Wibba filius eius" succeeded on the death of "Credda Merciorum rege" in 588 and ruled for three years.
Pybba extended Mercian control into the western Midlands. 
Pybba died between 591 and 615. 
Pybba died about 606.
Cearl, a Mercian king, is mentioned by Bede, and may have been Pybba's successor, but his relationship to Pybba, if any, is unknown. Pybba's son Penda eventually became king; the Chronicle gives the date of this as 626, although Bede suggests it was not until after the battle of Hatfield Chase in 633. 
Children's birth year estimation. Assuming his birth in about 570, Pybba's children would be born in the time period 591 to 606. Including 12 sons and 2 daughters would account for 14 children in as little as 15 years, therefore estimate the first child born 592 and other known children born at 3 year intervals thereafter. These estimates are highly speculative and should be revised when better information is available.
Pybba had four children, Penda, Eoppa, Cyneburga and an unnamed daughter.
Pybba was the father of Penda and Eowa 
Pybba is said by the Historia Brittonum to have had 12 sons.
Besides Penda and Eowa (who the author of the Historia Brittonum said were the sons of Pybba who were the best known to him), Pybba also apparently had a son named Coenwalh. Every king from Penda until Ceolwulf, who was deposed in 823, was said to be a descendant of Pybba, either through Penda, Eowa, or Coenwalh (perhaps excluding Beornrad, who ruled briefly and whose background is unknown). 
Pybba also is said to have had a daughter. Though unnamed, she was possibly the first wife of Cenwalh, King of Wessex (648-674).
Ashley, M. (2008). Mercia (585-919): Including Hwicce, Lindsey and the Magonsaete. A Brief History of British Kings and Queens, (pp.432). Philadelphia, PA: Running Press Book Publishers. Print.
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