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Regina Christine (Merckle) Frey (1699 - 1760)

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Regina Christine (Cristen) Frey formerly Merckle aka Merkle, Markley
Born in Bonfeld, Baden-Württemberg, Germanymap
Wife of — married in Colebrookdale, Berks, Pennsylvania, USAmap
Died in Cedar Creek, Frederick County, Virginiamap
Merckle-14 created 10 Jul 2011 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 912 times.


Regina Christine (Merkle) Frey (b. 20 Mar 1699, d. 1 Jan 1760)

Regina Christine "Christen" (Merkle) Frey (daughter of Abraham Merkle and Anna Veronica Landvatter), born March 20, 1699 in Bonfeld, Baden-Württemberg, Germany; died January 1, 1760 at Cedar Creek in Frederick County, Virginia. Married Benjamin Frey (son of Heinrich Frey and Anna Catherine Levering) 1721 in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania; born about 1696 in Roxborough, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, died March 1753 at "Frey Fort" in Frederick County, Virginia.

In 1717, Christen at age 18, emigrated to New York with her father Abraham Merkle, from Bonfeld, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.[1][2]

Children of Regina Christine Merkle and Benjamin Frey

(i) Abraham Frey, born 1722, Perkiomen, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania; died February 26, 1807, Fallowfield Twp., Washington County, Pennsylvania; married Agnes Ann Young about 1749.

(ii) Henry Frey, August 1724, Perkiomen, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania; died April 13, 1812; married Fanny Littler 1758.

(iii) Jacob Frey, born 1726, Perkiomen, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania; died February 25, 1808, Frederick County, Virginia; married Mary "Molly".

(iv) Joseph Frey, born about 1727, Perkiomen, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania; died August 1781, Frederick County, Virginia; married Ann Funk.

(v) Samuel Frey, born 1729, Perkiomen, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania; died August 15, 1814, Washington County, Pennsylvania; married Christina Speers September 1767 in Frederick County, Virginia.

(vi) Benjamin Frey Jr., born 1731, Perkiomen, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania; died June 20, 1812, Shelby County, Kentucky; married Catherine Speers.

(vii) Christena Anna Frey, born 1733, Perkiomen, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania; died 1781; married Joseph Powell 1752, Frederick County, Virginia.

(viii) William Frey, born 1735, Perkiomen, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania; died 1796: married Rachel Speers.

(ix) Elizabeth Frey, born 1737, Perkiomen, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania.

Abraham and Veronika Merkle emigrated to America in 1717 with family members Anna Felizitas Merkle and her husband Johann George Bopp, Anna Katharine Merkle, Anna Veronika Merkle, Regina Christine "Christen" Merkle, Jacob Merkle, Anna Rosina Merkle; and Abraham's brother, Balthasar Merkle, his wife Elizabeth and three children, Maria Catharine Merkle, Hans Jerg Merkle and Maria Elizabetha Merkle.

Marriage of Abraham Merkle and Anna Veronika Landvatter

Date: 27 Jul 1684
Place: Bonfeld, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Husband: Abraham Merkle
Wife: Anna Veronika Landvatter*
Child: 01 Jeremias Andreas Merkle
Child: 02 Anna Maria (Merkle) Hite;
+married Johann Justus "Jost" Hite.
Child: 03 Anna Felizitas (Merkle) Bopp;
+married Johann George Bopp/Popp.
Child: 04 Anna Veronika Merkle
Child: 05 Andreas Jeremias Merkle;
+married Maria Katharine G Lautenschlager.
Child: 06 Anna Katharine Merkle*
Child: 07 Anna Veronika (Merkle) Frey;
+married William Frey.
Child: 08 Regina Christine (Merkle) Frey;
+married Benjamin Frey.
Child: 09 Isaac Merkle
Child: 10 Jacob (Merkle) Markley;
+married (1) Barbara Dodderer,
+married (2) Barbara Rausch.
Child: 11 Isaac Merkle
Child: 12 Anna Rosina Merkle*
Child: 13 Abraham Merkle
* apparently died en-route from Bonfeld to Philadelphia
  1. A list of "Emigrants from this Village" made by the pastor of the Bonfeld church, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Listed in 1710: "Johannes Heyd with his family, Justus Heyd, his son with his family." In 1717: "Abraham Merckle with wife, five children and his son-in-law Hans Jerg Popp with his wife, and Balthasar Merckle with wife and three children."
  2. Source Event: Arrival of Regina Christine and Abraham Merkle aka Merckle, 1717 in New York, NY.
    ID: I47215
    Name: Regina Christine Merckle
    Sex: F
    Event: Arrival 1717 New York, NY
    Birth: 20 MAR 1699 in Bonfeld, Heilbronn, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
    Death: 01 JAN 1760 in Cedar Creek, Frederick Co., VA
    Name: Anne Regina Christena "Markley" Merckle (sic)
    ID: I61593
    Name: Abraham Merckle
    Sex: M
    Christening: 02 MAR 1664
    Birth: 01 MAR 1664 in Bonfeld, Heilbronn, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
    Event: Arrival 1717 New York, NY
    Death: 1734 in PA

"If you have additional family information, please contribute to the biography of Regina Christine (Merkle) Frey. Everything on WikiTree is a collaborative work-in-progress."


WikiTree profile UNKNOWN-119060 for Regina Frey from Lois for WikiTree.ged by Kay Haden on Oct 10, 2011. Merged Regina UNKNOWN-119060 into Regina possibly Markley on Oct 11, 2011. Regina (surely Christen Merkle) Frey [Markley-1]... adopted by Jon Cunnyngham on Dec 23, 2012. Merged [Markley-1] into Christen (Merkle) Frey [Merkle-107] on Dec 25, 2012. See the Changes page for details.

  • Note 1. In 1717 Abraham and Anna Veronica Merkle sailed with their children from Germany for America. One presumes Anna Veronica and two children died at sea, since they do not appear in later records.
The name of Benjamin Frey's wife has been presented many ways, as "Anna Christena", "Christena Anne", "Christian", etc. Benjamin Frey names his wife in his Will as "beloved wife Cristen". Simply understood, she was born Regina Christine, but when married became Cristen Frey.
  • Note 2. Until the "hidden hand" of Abraham Merkle is seen, it is hard to understand how a sister of Anna Maria Hite in Bonfeld, Germany could become the wife of Benjamin Frey in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. How could Regina Christine Merkle, or her brother Jacob Merkle for that matter, sail to America, be supported by a family, and appear eligible for marriage?
Abraham Merkle had to act quickly to bring his teenage children to America as a family group and establish residence near the Hite family and Germantown in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. If he could do that, there would be no question that Veronika, Christen and Jacob Merkle were his children. Then, perhaps, a true master could weave the magic of his family into this vast and remote New World — the beautiful fabric of America. And weave he did!

Hank Adams thinks Benjamin's wife may have been a sister to the wife of Jost Hite, and he is absolutely right. Found in an upright file in the Montgomery County (originally Philadelphia County) PA Historical Society are records of the Merkle/Markley family which contain the birth of a daughter Regina Christena on 20 Mar 1699. There was also an older sister, Anna Maria, born 16 Jan 1687 - she married Justus Heydt [Jost Hite] on 11 Nov 1704.

Benjamin Frey lived adjacent to the Hites in the Falkner Swamp Area, as well as next to Jacob Merkle aka Markley, brother of these two sisters. The parents of Jacob, Christen & Anna Maria were Abraham & Anna Veronica Merkle. The choice of the name Abraham for the first son of Benjamin & Christen suggests the son was named to honor her father. They apparently named their first daughter, Christena Anna Frey after the mother, Regina Christine "Christen" Merkle and the grandmother, Anna Veronica.

  • Source: S37 Abbreviation: Frye - Hank Adams Title: Henderson L. "Hank" Adams, correspondence and copies of his Frey and Spears family records. Note: 1008 Beachview Drive CONT Ft. Walton Beach FL 32547 CONT (850) 862-4671 Repository: #R1 Page: Family Group Sheet - Benjamin Frye, Sr.
  • Repository: R1 Name: My Files Address:
  • Source: S38 Abbreviation: Frey Journal Title: Jon Frye, Frye Family Association Journal. (4356 Chippewa Trail, Jamestown, OH 45335) Repository: #R1 Page: Vol. 3, Issue 2; Fall 2003. p.26 "Benjamin Frey-Virginia" Note: From the book HEINRICH FREY OF ALTHEIM, ALSACE by Luther Vernon Frye
  • Source: S84 Abbreviation: WorldConnect Title: WorldConnect database at Rootsweb. <> [This is the same file available from Family Trees.] Note: Files are submitted by individuals. Research notes often included. Source data sometimes cited. Repository: #R1


Husband: Benjamin Frey
Wife: Regine Christine "Cristen" Merkle
Child: Abraham Frey
Relationship to Father: Natural
Relationship to Mother: Natural
Child: Henry Frey
Relationship to Father: Natural
Relationship to Mother: Natural
Child: Jacob Frey
Relationship to Father: Natural
Relationship to Mother: Natural
Child: Joseph Frey
Relationship to Father: Natural
Relationship to Mother: Natural
Child: Samuel Frey
Relationship to Father: Natural
Relationship to Mother: Natural
Child: Benjamin Frey
Relationship to Father: Natural
Relationship to Mother: Natural
Child: Cristen Frey
Relationship to Father: Natural
Relationship to Mother: Natural
Child: William Frey
Relationship to Father: Natural
Relationship to Mother: Natural
Child: Elizabeth Frey
Relationship to Father: Natural
Relationship to Mother: Natural
Date: BET 1719 AND 1720
Place: Colebrookdale, Berks, Pennsylvania, USA

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Cristen by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Cristen:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.

Images: 2
Pictures from Germantown—1683 to 1820
Pictures from Germantown—1683 to 1820

Descendants of Abraham Merkle
Descendants of Abraham Merkle


On 4 Apr 2014 at 16:28 GMT Michelle (Gerard) Hartley wrote:

Added spouse, marriage date as noted in the marriage info.

Cristen is 16 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 24 degrees from Bob Dylan, 20 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 23 degrees from Michael Phelps and 15 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth Realms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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