Anli-Maopeltoog  Mi'kmaq

Anli-Maopeltoog Mi'kmaq (1507 - 1611)

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Sachem Anli-Maopeltoog (Henri) "Sacham Chief" Mi'kmaq aka Sachem, Membertou
Born in Mi'kmaq Nation, Acadia, Nova Scotia, Canadamap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Died in Port Royal, Annapolis, Nova Scotia, Canadamap
Mi'kmaq-2 created 21 Jan 2015 | Last modified | Last edit: 7 Feb 2017
00:34: David Begin edited the Biography, Other Last Name(s) and Status Indicators for Henri Mi'kmaq. (certain: name, surname, no m-name, dob, dod, locations.) [Thank David for this | 1 thank-you received]
This page has been accessed 274 times.

Categories: Persons of National Historic Significance | Mi'kmaq | Port-Royal, Acadie | Acadians.

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Henri Mi'kmaq was a Native American and member of the Mi'kmaq tribe.
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Note: Further research is required to locate primary documents to satisfy Wikitree source standards for this info from MyHeritage. Some research documents are shown below.

Contents

Biography

Henri Membertou 1507 -1611

Birth: 1507 - Micmac Nation, Acadia, Nova Scotia, Canada


Death: Sep 18 1611 - Port Royal, Nova Scotia, Canada

Parents: Fnu Membertou, Micmac Woman Membertou

Wife: Marie Lnu

Note: Membertou & Mikmaq are the same surname.

Children: Louis Membertou, Membertouchis,

  1. Marguerite Membertou,
  2. Actaudinech Paul Membertou,
  3. Mikmaq Membertou Micmac,
  4. Sachem Micmac,
  5. Radegonde Micmac,
  6. Chiefs Marie Mikmaq Micmacabenaki Membertou,
  7. Henri Micmacmikmaq Abnaki Membertou,
  8. Jeanne Marie Kagigoniac,
  9. Marie Anne Mikmag Lambert Micmac,
  10. Jeanne Marie Kagigoniac,
  11. Marguerite Amerindienne Mikmak Membertou,
  12. Marie Miq Maq Lambert Merbertou,
  13. Catherine Marie Membertou, [1]

Sources

Biography

"Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1" , par Lucien Campeau; University of Toronto/Université Laval; 1966. [2]

Grand Chief, "First Nations leader, role in establishing Mi'kmaq-French Alliance." [3]

"He was appointed as Grand Chief by the sakmowk of the other six districts.His exact date of birth is not known. However, Membertou claimed to be a grown man when he first met Jacques Cartier, which would mean that he was probably born in the early years of the sixteenth century... He was born 1507, died at the age of 104.[citation needed] Before becoming grand chief, Membertou had been the District Chief of Kespukwitk, a part of the Mi'kmaq nation which included the area where the French colonists settled Port-Royal.[2] In addition to being sakmow or political leader, Membertou had also been the head autmoin or spiritual leader of his tribe — who believed him to have powers of healing and prophecy.

Membertou became a good friend to the French. He first met the French when they arrived to build the Habitation at Port-Royal in 1605, at which time, according to the French lawyer and author Marc Lescarbot, he said he was over 100 and recalled meeting Jacques Cartier in 1534. Both Lescarbot and explorer Samuel de Champlain wrote of having witnessed him conducting a funeral in 1606 for Panoniac, a fellow Mi'kmaw sakmow who had been killed by the Armouchiquois or Passamaquoddy tribe, of what is now Maine. Seeking revenge for this and similar acts of hostility, Membertou led 500 warriors in a raid on the Armouchiquois town, Chouacoet, present-day Saco, Maine, in July, 1607, killing 20 of their braves, including two of their leaders, Onmechin and Marchin..." [4]

Death

Death: Y
Date: 18 SEP 1611
Place: Acadia, New France, Nova Scotia Canada
Age: 30-31
Death: Y
Date: 18 SEP 1611
Place: Port Royal, Acadia, Nova Scotia, Canada
Age: 45-46

Object

Object:
File [3]
Format: jpg
Title: Micmac2

Sources

  1. MyHeritage
  2. [1]
  3. [2]
  4. ("Wikipedia: Henri Membertou)
  • ("Blue Pete")
  • 2006 poster; Government of Canada [4]
  • Source: S-1414018948 Repository: #R-1576298642 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Page: Ancestry Family Trees Note: Data: Text: Repository: R-1576298642 Name: Ancestry.com Address: [5]

Henri Membertou

Henri Membertou (died 18 September 1611) was the sakmow (Grand Chief) of the Mi'kmaq First Nations tribe situated near Port Royal, site of the first French settlement in Acadia, present-day Nova Scotia, Canada. Originally sakmow of the Kespukwitk district, he was appointed as Grand Chief by the sakmowk of the other six districts. His exact date of birth is not known. However, Membertou claimed to be a grown man when he first met Jacques Cartier, which would mean that he was probably born in the early years of the sixteenth century.[5] [6]

Pre-Baptism

Before becoming grand chief, Membertou had been the District Chief of Kespukwitk, a part of the Mi'kmaq nation which included the area where the French colonists settled Port-Royal.[7] In addition to being sakmow or political leader, Membertou had also been the head autmoin or spiritual leader of his tribe — who believed him to have powers of healing and prophecy.

Membertou became a good friend to the French. He first met the French when they arrived to build the Habitation at Port-Royal in 1605, at which time, according to the French lawyer and author Marc Lescarbot, he said he was over 100 and recalled meeting Jacques Cartier in 1534.

Both Lescarbot and explorer Samuel de Champlain wrote of having witnessed him conducting a funeral in 1606 for Panoniac, a fellow Mi'kmaw sakmow who had been killed by the Armouchiquois or Passamaquoddy tribe, of what is now Maine. Seeking revenge for this and similar acts of hostility, Membertou led 500 warriors in a raid on the Armouchiquois town, Chouacoet, present-day Saco, Maine, in July, 1607, killing 20 of their braves, including two of their leaders, Onmechin and Marchin.

He is described by the Jesuit Pierre Biard as having maintained a beard, unlike other Mi'kmaq males who removed all facial hair. He was larger than the other males and despite his advanced age, had no grey or white hair.[1] Also, unlike most sakmowk who were polygamous, Membertou had only one wife, who was baptised with the name of "Marie". Lescarbot records that the eldest son of Chief Membertou had the name Membertouchis (Membertouji'j, baptised Louis Membertou after the then-King of France, Louis XIII), while his second and third sons were called Actaudin (absent at the time of the baptism) and Actaudinech (Actaudinji'j, baptised Paul Membertou). He also had a daughter, given the name Marguerite.

After building their fort, the French left in 1607, leaving only two of their party behind, during which time Membertou took good care of the fort and them, meeting them upon their return in 1610.

Songs

Three songs of Membertou survive in written form, and provide the first music transcriptions from the Americas. The melodies for the songs were transcribed in solfège notation by Marc Lescarbot[8] [9]. The time values of each note were recorded in an arrangement of Membertou's songs in mensural notation by Gabriel Sagard-Théodat <re>Sagard-Théodat, Gabriel (1636). Histoire du Canada et voyages que les frères mineurs recollects y on faicts pour la conversion des infidèles depuis l'an 1615 (in French) (Deuxième Partie ed.).</ref>.

The melodies use three notes of the solfege scale - originally transcribed as Re-Fa-Sol by Lescarbot, but more easily sung as La-Do-Re. Transcriptions of these songs are available for Native American Flute[10].

Baptism

On 24 June 1610 (Saint John the Baptist Day), Membertou became the first native leader to be baptised by the French, as a sign of alliance and good faith. The ceremony was carried out by priest Jessé Fléché, who went on to baptize all 21 members of Membertou's immediate family. It was then that Membertou was given the baptismal name Henri, after the late king of France, Henry IV.[1]

Post-Baptism

Membertou was very eager to become a proper Christian as soon as he was baptized. He wanted the missionaries to learn the Algonquian Mi'kmaq language so that he could be properly educated.[1] Biard relates how, when Membertou's son Actaudin became gravely ill, he was prepared to sacrifice two or three dogs to precede him as messengers into the spirit world, but when Biard told him this was wrong, he did not, and Actaudin then recovered. However, in 1611, he contracted dysentery, one of the many infectious diseases spread in the New World by Europeans. By September 1611, he was very ill. Membertou insisted on being buried with his ancestors, something that bothered the missionaries. However; Membertou soon changed his mind and requested to be buried among the French. He died on 18 September 1611.[1] In his final words, he charged his children to remain devout Christians.

In 2007 Canada Post issued a $0.52 stamp (domestic rate) in its "French Settlement in North America" series in honour of Chief Membertou.

See also

List of Grand Chiefs (Mi'kmaq)

Eric Thierry, La France de Henri IV en Amérique du Nord. De la création de l'Acadie à la fondation de Québec, Paris: Honoré Champion, 2008.

External links

Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online[6]

Acknowledgements

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Memories: 4

On 2 Aug 2013 Deneze (Vezeau) Lujanen wrote:

Membertou was very eager to become a proper Christian as soon as he was baptized. He wanted the missionaries to learn the Algonquian Mi'kmaq language so that he could be properly educated.[1] Biard relates how, when Membertou's son Actaudin became gravely ill, he was prepared to sacrifice two or three dogs to precede him as messengers into the spirit world, but when Biard told him this was wrong, he did not, and Actaudin then recovered. However, in 1611, he contracted dysentery, one of the many infectious diseases spread in the New World by Europeans. By September 1611, he was very ill. Membertou insisted on being buried with his ancestors, something that bothered the missionaries. However; Membertou soon changed his mind and requested to be buried among the French. He died on 18 September 1611.[1] In his final words, he charged his children to remain devout Christians.

In 2007 Canada Post issued a $0.52 stamp (domestic rate) in its "French Settlement in North America" series in honour of Chief Membertou.


On 2 Aug 2013 Deneze (Vezeau) Lujanen wrote:

On 24 June 1610 (Saint John the Baptist Day), Membertou became the first native leader to be baptised by the French, as a sign of alliance and good faith. The ceremony was carried out by priest Jessé Fléché, who went on to baptize all 21 members of Membertou's immediate family. It was then that Membertou was given the baptismal name Henri, after the late king of France, Henry IV.[1]


On 2 Aug 2013 Deneze (Vezeau) Lujanen wrote:

Before becoming grand chief, Membertou had been the District Chief of Kespukwitk, a part of the Mi'kmaq nation which included the area where the French colonists settled Port-Royal.[2] In addition to being sakmow or political leader, Membertou had also been the head autmoin or spiritual leader of his tribe — who believed him to have powers of healing and prophecy.

Membertou became a good friend to the French. He first met the French when they arrived to build the Habitation at Port-Royal in 1605, at which time, according to the French lawyer and author Marc Lescarbot, he said he was over 100 and recalled meeting Jacques Cartier in 1534. Both Lescarbot and explorer Samuel de Champlain wrote of having witnessed him conducting a funeral in 1606 for Panoniac, a fellow Mi'kmaw sakmow who had been killed by the Armouchiquois or Passamaquoddy tribe, of what is now Maine. Seeking revenge for this and similar acts of hostility, Membertou led 500 warriors in a raid on the Armouchiquois town, Chouacoet, present-day Saco, Maine, in July, 1607, killing 20 of their braves, including two of their leaders, Onmechin and Marchin. He is described by the Jesuit Pierre Biard as having maintained a beard, unlike other Mi'kmaq males who removed all facial hair. He was larger than the other males and despite his advanced age, had no grey or white hair.[1] Also, unlike most sakmowk who were polygamous, Membertou had only one wife, who was baptised with the name of "Marie". Lescarbot records that the eldest son of Chief Membertou had the name Membertouchis (Membertouji'j, baptised Louis Membertou after the then-King of France, Louis XIII), while his second and third sons were called Actaudin (absent at the time of the baptism) and Actaudinech (Actaudinji'j, baptised Paul Membertou). He also had a daughter, given the name Marguerite. After building their fort, the French left in 1607, leaving only two of their party behind, during which time Membertou took good care of the fort and them, meeting them upon their return in 1610.


On 2 Aug 2013 Deneze (Vezeau) Lujanen wrote:

Henri Membertou (died 18 September 1611) was the sakmow (Grand Chief) of the Mi'kmaq First Nations tribe situated near Port Royal, site of the first French settlement in Acadia, present-day Nova Scotia, Canada. Originally sakmow of the Kespukwitk district, he was appointed as Grand Chief by the sakmowk of the other six districts.His exact date of birth is not known. However, Membertou claimed to be a grown man when he first met Jacques Cartier, which would mean that he was probably born in the early years of the sixteenth century.[1]



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DNA
No known carriers of Henri's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 1
Marguerite Lejeune Image 3
Marguerite Lejeune Image 3

Collaboration

On 18 Oct 2016 at 17:52 GMT Sunny (Trimbee) Clark wrote:

Mi'kmaq-2 and Membertou-3 appear to represent the same person because: triplicate

On 18 Oct 2016 at 17:51 GMT Sunny (Trimbee) Clark wrote:

Mikmaq-2 and Membertou-3 appear to represent the same person because: duplicates

On 7 May 2016 at 14:04 GMT Eric Audette wrote:

If my research are correct I am 14 generation and my son 15

On 16 Jun 2015 at 20:28 GMT Denise Chiasson wrote:

Wrt the photos, such photography did not exist then. You may want to link to the Canda Post stamp descriptor, which includes "No portrait was ever made of Membertou during his lifetime: but also has info re: his life and contribution to French settlement. https://www.canadapost.ca/cpo/mc/personal/collecting/stamps/2007/2007_july_membertou.jsf

On 23 Aug 2014 at 05:37 GMT Michelle McQueen wrote:

Membertou-4 and Micmac Indian-1 appear to represent the same person because: same person

On 23 Aug 2014 at 05:36 GMT Michelle McQueen wrote:

Micmac Indian-1 and Membertou-3 appear to represent the same person because: same person

On 3 Nov 2013 at 17:54 GMT Donna Punty wrote:



Henri is 20 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 17 degrees from Abraham Lincoln, 29 degrees from Ayn Rand, 22 degrees from Peter Roberts and 21 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth Realms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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