Categories: Harmony Grove Cemetery, Salem, Massachusetts | Arkansas Territory Governors | Namesakes US Counties | Battle of Lundy's Lane | Prisoners of War, United States of America, War of 1812 | 21st Regiment, United States Infantry, War of 1812 | Congressional Gold Medal | Notables.
Arkansas Territory Organized March 2, 1819
1st Governor of
2nd Territorial Governor
Son of James Miller and Catharine Gregg. He had formal education at Amherst, Massachusetts Academy and Williams College where he studied for a career as a lawyer. He was married to Martha Ferguson and they had a son James Ferguson Miller who later became a naval officer. After the death of Martha he re-married to Ruth Flint. He had enlisted in the New Hampshire Militia; but, soon he transferred to regular Army as a Major with the 4th United States Infantry and found victory over many Indians in the Indiana Territory. This hastened his advancement to Colonel. In 1812, his unit was called to Detroit, Michigan and the Battle of Maguaga. James was captured and became a prisoner; though, he was soon exchanged.
By the year 1814, he was a Colonel with the 21st Infantry Regiment and found action at the Battle of Lundy's Lane. He led his unit to capture the British artillery and was known for his famous quote of, "I will try sir!" He became known as "Hero of Lundy's Lane." For this gallant leadership he was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal and made a brevet Brigadier General.
After the war, Miller held multiple political offices including, Governor of the Arkansas Territory, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Arkansas Territory, House of Representatives in New Hampshire, and Collector of Customs in Salem, Massachusetts.
Nathaniel Hawthorn based his character of The General in the Custom-House chapter of The Scarlet Letter on Miller. They had served together at the Salem Port.
Miller died from his second stroke in 1851.
"United States Census, 1850," Temple, Hillsborough, New Hampshire,
"New Hampshire Deaths and Burials, 1784-1949," Temple, Hillsborough, New Hampshire
Bolton, S. Charles. Arkansas 1800–1860. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1998.
Ledbetter, Cal. “General James Miller: Hawthorne’s Hero in Arkansas.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 47 (Summer 1988): 99–115.
White, Lonnie. “James Miller: Arkansas’ First Territorial Governor.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 19 (Spring 1960): 12–30.
Nathaniel Hawthorne's Description of General James Miller.
Wikipedia Summary of Military Career of General James Miller - Hero of War of 1812.
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On 30 May 2017 at 00:17 GMT Lynette Jester wrote:
And the 1850 census with his daughters Augusta and Rebecca. "United States Census, 1850," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWZN-JL5 : 9 November 2014), James Miller, Temple, Hillsborough, New Ham
On 29 May 2017 at 19:49 GMT LS Lawrence wrote:
James is 23 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 29 degrees from Carol Keeling, 15 degrees from George Washington and 18 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.