William Lendrum Mitchell

William Lendrum Mitchell (1879 - 1936)

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William Lendrum (Billy) Mitchell
Born in Nice, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married (to ) [location unknown]
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in New York, New Yorkmap
Mitchell-9259 created 16 Nov 2014 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 729 times.

Categories: Congressional Gold Medal | Distinguished Service Cross (United States) | Distinguished Service Medal | Spanish War Service Medal | Philippine Campaign Medal | Army of Cuban Occupation Medal | Army of Cuban Pacification Medal | Mexican Service Medal | World War I Victory Medal | Companions of the Order of St Michael and St George | Commandeurs de la Légion d'honneur | Croix de guerre 1914-1918 with silver star | West Allis, Wisconsin | Middleburg, Virginia | Forest Home Cemetery, Milwaukee, Wisconsin | Notables.

Notables
Billy Mitchell is notable.
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Billy Mitchell is a Military Veteran.
Served in the US Army from 1898 to 1926 attaining BrigGen.
Veteran of the Spanish-American War and WWI. The father of the US Air Force

Contents

Biography

Army Distinguished Service Cross and Army Distinguished Service Medal

Military Career

William "Billy" Mitchell was the son of Sen. John Mitchell of Wisconsin. He enlisted in the Army as a private in May of 1898 at the outbreak of the Spanish-American War and was commissioned the following month. He stayed in the Army after the war and became fascinated with the concept of air power and predicted as early as 1908 that air power would be important in future wars. When the US declared war on Germany in April of 1917 then LtCol Mitchell was enroute to France to set up and command US air operations in coordination with the allies. In September 1918, he planned and led nearly 1,500 British, French and Italian aircraft in the air phase of the Battle of Saint-Mihiel, one of the first coordinated air-ground offensives in history and in October was promoted to the temporary rank of Brigadier General.

Court Martial

After the war he served in several capacities and promoted the use of air power. His visionary predictions and single mindedness promoting air power irritated his superiors which culminated in a court martial in 1925 for insubordination. Found guilty, he was reduced to his permanent rank of Colonel. He was also sentenced to a five year suspension from active duty without pay. Rather than accepting the verdict he resigned his commission two months after the verdict and located to Middleburg, Virginia where he continued to advocate for air power.

Legacy

B-25 Mitchell BomberHe died in 1936 in a New York hospital of heart problems and complications from influenza. In 1946 he was awarded a Congressional Gold Medal and given the honorary rank of MajGen. Today he is remembered as the father of the Air Force and is the only individual after whom a type of American military aircraft, the North American B-25 Mitchell, is named.

Family

Married twice:
1) Married on December 2, 1903 to Caroline Sarah Stoddard, daughter of Dr. Enoch Vine and Caroline Sarah (Butts) Stoddard; b. September 2, 1881 in Rochester, New York. Divorced in 1922; 3 children:
  1. Elizabeth b. August 18, 1906 in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
  2. Harriet b. November 25, 1910 in New York
  3. John Lendrum b. 1920 in Washington, District of Columbia
2) Married on October 11, 1923 to Elizabeth Miller, daughter of Sidney Trowbridge and Lucy Trumbull {Robinson) Miller; b. October 14, 1890 in Detroit, Michigan; 2 children:
  1. Lucy Trumbull b. August 2, 1925 in Detroit, Michigan
  2. William Lendrum b. December 12, 1929 in Washington, District Of Columbia

Sources

1910 Census Source: 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Fort William McKinley, Rizal, Philippines, Military and Naval Forces; Roll: T624_1784; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 0206; FHL microfilm: 1375797 Ancestry.com. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.
1920 Census Source: 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line].Census Place: Washington, Washington, District of Columbia; Roll: T625_206; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 67; Image: 828 Ancestry.com. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.
1930 Census Source: 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Scott, Fauquier, Virginia; Roll: 2443; Page: 5B; Enumeration District: 0015; Image: 388.0; FHL microfilm: 2342177 Ancestry.com. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2002.
1926 Military Register Source: Select Military Registers, 1862-1985 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.
Source: New York, New York, Death Index, 1862-1948 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.
Source: Find A Grave Memorial# 720
Source: Billy Mitchell on Wikipedia


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Images: 6
Billy Mitchell Image 1
Billy Mitchell Image 1

Billy Mitchell
Billy Mitchell

William Mitchell 1910 Census
William Mitchell 1910 Census

William Mitchell 1920 Census
William Mitchell 1920 Census

William Mitchell 1930 Census
William Mitchell 1930 Census

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Billy is 17 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 21 degrees from Joseph Broussard, 25 degrees from Helmut Jungschaffer and 20 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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