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James Mitchell (abt. 1712 - abt. 1774)

James Mitchell
Born about in County Londonderry, Irelandmap
Husband of — married about 1751 in Lunenburg, Virginiamap
Died about in Bedford, Virginiamap
Profile last modified | Created 9 Feb 2011
This page has been accessed 571 times.



James Mitchell married the widow Margaret (Caldwell Rogers after her first husband William Rodgers died in October 1750 and had five more children by him: [1]

1. ____
2. James Mitchell born 17 Nov 1754 Bedford Co., VA; died 18 Jun 1835 Robertson Co., TN. Documented Research
3. ____
4. ____
5. ____

Myths Busted

#01 - Some researchers have children Ann Mitchell born abt. 1760; John Mitchell born 3 Nov 1761; William Mitchell born abt. 1762; Aquila Michell born 9 Feb 1763; Benjamin Mitchell born abt. 1766; Hannah Mitchell born abt. 1767; Isaac Mitchell born abt. 1768; Elijah Mitchell born 21 Aug 1769; Tellitha Mitchell born 1770; Rachel Mitchell born abt. 1776; Sarah Mitchell born abt. 1778; and Milley Mitchell born abt. 1780 as children of James & Margaret (Caldwell) (Rogers) Mitchell BUT they were the children of John Mitchell born Baltimore Co., MD and his wife Ann Greer. See John Mitchell and Anne Greer.
#02 - Some researchers have used a poor transcription of the below text that failed to include 'Caldwell' after William, Thomas & David and assumed that William, Thomas & David were sons of James Mitchell and Margaret (Caldwell) Rogers. They were John Rodgers uncles William, Thomas & David Caldwell.
In 1825 at the age of 79 John Rodgers the son of Margaret (Caldwell) Rodgers wrote a letter to his cousin Elias Boudinot Caldwell, of Washington City. (a Supreme Court clerk) and outlined his and Elias's Caldwell's Caldwell Family History'. Within that letter he stated: (Note: Parenthesis added to clarify who individuals were.)
Within 25 miles of that place in that neighborhood I was born and in it was married and had 6 children before I moved to Kentucky in the year 1781. Our grandfather's (John F. Caldwell who married Margaret Phillips) children were William, Thomas, David, Margaret, John, Robert and James. My father (William Rodgers) and grandfather (John F. Caldwell) both died in October 1750, just 14 days apart. My mother (Margaret Caldwell Rogers) then married a man by the name of James Mitchell. She had 5 children by each husband.
Two of her daughters died in Virginia. The rest all came to Kentucky and have been numerous families. Her son Robert [Rogers] died in Kentucky. William, Thomas, and David [Caldwell] (John Rogers three Caldwell uncles) are all buried in the same (Cub Creek Charlotte Co., VA.) graveyard with their father. David's widow and all that family moved to Kentucky. Uncle John went to South Carolina and died there. Uncle William's widow and all that family went to South Carolina, also. Our friend, John C. Calhoun is a son of the 2nd daughter of that family.

Research Notes

He is in Bedford County Virginia: 1754-1758, Bedford Co VA order bk 1A,146, Mitchell, Daniel, James, Robert work on rd.

1763-1771, Bedford Co VA order bk 3, 626, Mitchell, James, alld attn.

1770/2/7, Mitchell, James, 38A, E brs Little Falling River. Bedford Co VA Surveyor’s Record, #1, 1754-1781, p 124.

1772-1774, Mitchell, James exempt from future payment levy & work on rd. Bedford Co VA OB 5A, 22.

1778/9/28, Mitchell, Margaret from George Walton (Prince Edward Co), 7 lbs, Bear branch, 32 A, “his heirs", Adams line, Bedford Co VA db 6, 108.

1782/3/1, Caldwell, John of Russell Parish from David Caldwell of same, 300 lbs, 200 A both sides Entry Crk, bounded by Gates, etc. wit: John Mitchell, Stephen Mitchell, James Mitchell. Campbell Co VA db1, 114.

1783/6/20, Mitchell, James from Jesse Witt, all of Bedford, 35 lbs, 75A on Bear Br & Otter River. Bedford Co VA db 7, 216.

1783/9/22, Mitchell, James & Margaret of Bedford to George Rust of Campbell Co, 61 lbs, 10 sh, 90A plus 33A adjoining, S/S Otter River, Adam’s corner. Bedford Co VA db G7, 246.

1791/10/10, Mitchell, James of Bedford from George & Martha Walton of Prince Edward, 50 sh, 80A adj Mobberly’s old patent line. Pres Jesse Hilton, Jeremiah Hilton, Abner Farel. Bedford Co VA db 8, 512.

1807, Mitchell, James to Daniel Mitchell, 200A on Big & Little Otter R. Bedford Co VA db 12, 182


  1. Letter from John Rodgers to Elias Boudinot Caldwell, written about 1825, and reprinted in Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 19, pp. 92-94
  • In 1776, James Mitchell, Jr. was living in the home of John Rodgers.
  • Letter John Rodgers wrote to his cousin Elias B. Caldwell (Clerk of the U.S. Supreme Court) dated May 11, 1825. This letter was in the Virginia Magazine for Jan 1911, Vol. 19, p 93 and Treads of Ancestors pp 115-116.

See Also:

Biographical sketch for James Mitchell

Caldwell - Epps - MacQueen - McEachin - McNutt - Gillispie family history and search for James Mitchell

Margaret (Caldwell) Rodgers Married her second husband James P. Mitchell, Sr. after the death of her 1st husband William Rodgers who died Oct. 20, 1750. Sometime after her second marriage, James Mitchell and Margaret moved to Boyle Co., Ky.

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with James:

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Mitchell-28329 and Mitchell-978 appear to represent the same person because: These 2 profiles are for the same person. James Mitchell had no middle name/initial. And Jr. & Sr. in the historical context did not necessarily mean someone of the same family, just that there was an older and younger person with the same given name and surname for tax / court records.
posted by Joe Crouch

M  >  Mitchell  >  James Mitchell