James Monroe
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James Monroe (1758 - 1831)

President James Monroe
Born in Monroe's Creek, Westmoreland County, Colony of Virginiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 16 Feb 1786 in New York Citymap
Descendants descendants
Died at age 73 in New York County, New York, United Statesmap
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The Presidential Seal.
James Monroe was the President of the United States.
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Preceded by
4th President
James Madison

Preceded by
6th Secretary

Robert Smith

Preceded by
7th Secretary

John Armstrong Jr.

Preceded by
Acting Governor

John Pendleton, Jr.

Acting Governor
George William Smith

Preceded by
John Walker
James Monroe
5th President
of the United States
Presidential Seal

7th United States
Secretary of State
State Dept

8th United States
Secretary of War
US Secretary of War

12th Governor
of Virginia

16th Governor

US Senator (Class 1)
from Virginia
Seal of the US Senate
Succeeded by
6th President
John Quincy Adams

Succeeded by
8th Secretary

John Quincy Adams

Succeeded by
9th Secretary

William H. Crawford

Succeeded by
13th Governor

John Page

17th Governor
George William Smith

Succeeded by
Stevens Thomson Mason


James Monroe

5th U.S. President

"When we view the blessings with which our country has been favored, those which we now enjoy, and the means which we possess of handing them down unimpaired to our latest posterity, our attention is irresistibly drawn to the source from whence they flow. Let us then, unite in offering our most grateful acknowledgments for these blessings to the Divine Author of All Good."

--Monroe made this statement in his 2nd Annual Message to Congress, November 16, 1818. [1]


Notables Project
James Monroe is Notable.

James Monroe[2] was the fifth President of the United States. He served as president from 1817 to 1825. His Vice President throughout his time in office was Daniel D. Tomkins. President Monroe is considered the last president of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Monroe is most noted for his foreign policy proclamation the Monroe Doctrine. An active freemason he comes from deep Scottish roots with a line of his family descended from the clan of Munro.[3]

1758 Birth 1786 Marriage 1787 1st Child 1817 Elected President 1823 Monroe Doctrine 1831 Death
1758 April 28 Born in Monroe Hall,Westmoreland County, Virginia member of the Planter Class [4].
Briefly attended the College of William and Mary but left school early as political tensions with England increased.
1775: Freemasons: "James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825 Initiated on November 9, 1775 in Williamsburg Lodge No. 6, Williamsburg, Virginia, at the age of 17 while he studied at the College of William & Mary." "James Monroe, an attorney, Governor of Virginia, U.S. Senator, U.S. Secretary of War, and a U.S. President. In keeping with an age-old Masonic ....." [1]
Commissioned as a lieutenant in the Continental Army he participated in battles in New York and New Jersey, wintering with George Washington at Valley Forge.
1776 December 25
James Monroe is seriously wounded during the Battle of Trenton between General George Washington's Americans against the Hessians and British troops led by Colonel Rahl.
1780 (age 24)
Monroe leaves the army as a colonel to study law at William and Mary and in Richmond under Thomas Jefferson, who becames a lifelong friend, a political mentor, and a neighbor.
☆ James Monroe Political Career Begins ☆
1783 November 3
Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation from Virginia till November 7, 1786
1786 February 16
James Monroe marries Elizabeth Kortright, daughter of Laurence Kortright and Hannah Aspinwall Kortright,in New York City. He had met her while serving with the Continental Congress, which then met in New York, the temporary national capital.
1787 December 5
First child of James and Elizabeth, Eliza Monroe born in Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania, Virginia, USA
1790 November 9
United States Senator from Virginia till March 29, 1794
1794 May 28
United States Minister to France till September 9, 1796.
1799 December 19
12th Governor of Virginia till December 1, 1802
1799 May
James, the only son of James and Elizabeth, is born in Richmond, Virginia. Son James only lives a short time and dies in 1801
1803 April 18
United States Minister to the United Kingdom till – February 26, 1808. He rises to national prominence, as a signer and negotiator of The Louisiana Purchase.
1803 May 20
Third child of James and Elizabeth, Maria Hester Monroe Born in Paris, France
1811 January 16
Elected to a second term as the 16th Governor of Virginia until appointed as Secretary of State
1811 April 2
7th United States Secretary of State – Appointed by President James Madison.
1814 September 27
8th United States Secretary of War
☆ James Monroe Presidency Begins ☆
1817 March 4 (age 59)
James Monroe elected as 5th president of the united states as a Democratic-Republican[2]. He selects Daniel Tompkins as his Vice President.
1823 December 2
James Monroe Monroe Doctrine states a new foreign policy for the United States during his 7th Annual address. [5].
☆ James Monroe Retires ☆
1825 March 4
James Monroe retires from public office and returns to Ash Lawn
1831 July 4
Died Find A Grave: Memorial #724 (age 73), New York City, New York Resting place, ✞ Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia


  • Seventeen US counties have named counties in President Monroe's honor. They are: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.


For information about President Monroe's Plantations and slaves, see: Slaves of President James Monroe of Virginia


  1. William J. Federer, Treasury Of Presidential Quotations, Amerisearch, Inc., Jan 1, 2004 Google Books
  2. James Monroe on Wikipedia
  3. The initial source of this timeline is the Wikipedia page on James Monroe. Each item has been confirmed with at least one other source. (see external links)
  4. The planter class was basically rich white plantation (and slave) owners.
  5. The Monroe Doctrine was largely written by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams. It is one of the most important policy documents of our time and has been cited by numerous presidents.

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President James Monroe Utah, Obituaries from Utah Newspapers, 1850-2005

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In the book "Houses Virginians Have Loved," by Agnes Rothery, 1945, there is a good article (and photograph) about Oak Hill, the home he had built in Loudoun Co., VA, about 1820. Noland 588.
posted by Linda (Noland) Layman