The parents of Andrew Monroe, immigrant, are unknown. See Disambiguation and Research Notes.
1620 Birth Year Estimation
It is generally accepted that Andrew Monroe was born in Scotland.  The circumstances of his birth -- date, place, parents, are unknown.
Andrew Monroe was a freeholder in St. Mary's, Maryland, in 1642, so assume he had achieved majority by that time. He is reported to have been on Kent Island in 1637. He might have secured passage to Kent as an adventurer as young as, say, age 15, which would make him age 22 in 1642, with a birth year of, say, 1620.
Many genealogies give a birth year of 1625 in Scotland  which would appear late by this calculation.
1637 Kent Island, Maryland
Pres. Daniel C. Gilman of Johns Hopkins University and the original biographer of James Monroe, stated that that Andrew came to Maryland in 1637 and settled on Kent Island. 
Assuming the truth of this statement, Andrew Monroe was involved with Virginians from the beginning. While King Charles I gave the Calvert family a charter to establish Maryland in 1632, and the Calverts made their first Maryland settlement at St. Mary's in 1634, William Claiborne, the official surveyor of the Jamestown colony and Secretary of State for Virginia had received permission from Virginia's governor in 1627 to explore the Chesapeake and investigate trade with the Indians. 
By 1631 Claiborne had bought Kent from the Susquehannock Indians (who were the enemies of the native population living there) and establsihed a trading post and fort on the southern tip of the island. By 1634, the community within a wooden wall (palisade) included a trading station, grist mill, and courthouse, and by 1638 120 English men, plus women and children, lived there. But in 1635, the Calverts claimed Kent Island as part of their Maryland province, and Maryland and Virginia clashed in a series of naval battles that year. Claiborne having gone to England on business, Calvert forces seized Kent Island in 1638. Unsuccessful in legal efforts, Claiborne retreated to Virginia. 
Andrew Monroe in Kent Island in 1637 would place him in the midst of this conflict with divided loyalties between Virginian Claiborne and the Maryland Calverts.
1642 St. Mary's, Maryland
Gary Roberts, who writes "Ancestors of American Presidents," reports that Andrew Monroe came to St. Mary's County, Maryland by 1642 
They made an affidavit to the effect 20 May 1640, when they removed to St. Mary's, the seat of government. Thomas Sturman was successively Burgess from St. Michael's and St. Mary's. 
In July 1642 Andrew Monroe appears to have been assessed 50 lbs. of tobacco to support the war against the Susquehanna Indians 
On 22 August 1642 he again was assessed, as a freeholder represented in the Assembly by Capt. Thomas Cornwallis  In the late 1640's he was listed on the freeman's proxies of Capt. Thomas Cornwalleys, a Catholic. 
This establishes that Andrew Monroe was considered a property owner in Maryland by 1642.
In Maryland, Andrew Monroe "commanded a pinnace in the service of Cuthbert Fenwick, general agent of Lord Baltimore. 
On 5 September 1642 Andrew Monroe's name is among those attending the Provincial Assembly. "5 September 1642 morning Assembled Governor, Captain Cornwaleys, Mr Giles Brent, Mr Secretary, Mr Surveyor Genl, David Whitdiffe, George Pye, Mr Greene, Mt Clerk. Appeared: Nathaniel Pope, Mr Weston, Cyprian Thorowgood, Nicholas Herby, Mr George Binks, John Hollis Carp, Jo: Weywill, Thomas Franklin, Thomas Hebden, Francis Posie, Joseph Edlo, John Norman, John Halfhead, John Cockshott, Cuthbert Fennick, Jo: Holderne, Richard Cope, Andrew Monroe, Robert Perry, John Cook, Daniel Clocker, by their Proxie Mr Thos Greene, by their Proxie Capt Thomas, Cornwaleys 
1645 Possible First Marriage in Maryland
Mike Marshall  asserts that Andrew Monroe married first about 1645 in Charles County, Maryland a woman, name unknown, who was born about 1629 and died in 1651, Westmoreland County, Virginia. They had one child, George Monroe, born about 1645 in Charles County, Maryland and died before 1668 in Charles County, Maryland.
Other Marylanders named Andrew Monroe
Skordas shows an Andrew Monroe, Servant, Transported (someone else paid his way in exchange for indenture), 1651. This records the date the land was awarded. If it was awarded after the completion of a 7 year indenture, then Monroe could have arrived in Maryland as early as 1644. 
It would seem, however, that someone who was an indentured servant in the period 1644-1651 would not have also been a freeholder in that period. This suggests the presence in Maryland of an additional person named Andrew Monroe.
Another source states that " Andrew (Munro) Monroe was a vicar/preacher who came to America in 1642.. This would appear to be yet another person named Andrew Munro or Monroe living in Maryland and Virginia during this period.
1645 Ingle's Rebellion and Virginia Property
In 1645 Thomas Sturman, his son John, and Thomas Youell joined Richard Ingle in a revolt against Leonard Calvert, deputy-governor, and were condemned as rebels, a price put on their heads and their property confiscated. 
In 1645, when Richard Ingle declared for Parliament, Andrew Monroe, being a Protestant, took sides against Lord Baltimore's government. 
On 11 April 1654, Mr Nicholas Gwyther, aged 28 or therabouts, made a deposition "in open Court at St Maries in the Province of Maryland the 11th day of April 1654; Upon oath Sayth.
That he this Deponent was Servant to Tho: Cornwalleys Esq when one Thomas Harrison Came into this Province in the year 1641 (as this Deponent taketh it) with the Said Capt Cornwalleys as his servant, and
lived in the house with this Depont one yeare or thereabouts before the arrivall of one Richard Ingle which was in the year 1644 or thereabouts
at which time the Said Harrison was Sent by Cuthbt ffenwick then Attorney to the Said Capt Cornwalleys with one Edward Mathews his fellow Servant
to assist one Andrew Monroe to bring a Pinnace (that then ridd in the Mouth of St Inegos Creek (as Near as Conveniently could be to the house of the Said Capt Cornwalleys
which Said Servants (as they did report themselves) were Commanded aboard the Ship of the Said Ingle, she riding in the Mouth of the Said Creek,
which Said Mathews was there detained prisoner,
And the Said Harrison tooke up Armes in the assistance of the Said Ingle, and the said Harrison never after returned to his Said Masters Service as this Deponent Ever Saw or heard, the terme of time of the Said Harrison's Service was unknown to this Deponent, but he hath heard the Said Harrison Say that the Said Capt Cornwalleys would abate Some of the time of his Service 
1647 Move from St Mary's Maryland to Appomattox, Virginia
Andrew Monroe's move from Maryland to Virginia appears to be a direct consequence of his participation in Ingle's Rebellion. "They fled to Virginia across the Potomac. Amnesty was later decreed to such as should sue for pardon and Thomas and John Sturman accepted it and made their oaths of allegiance. Thomas Youell apparently never complied and remained in Virginia where he patented lands and lived the rest of his life." 
"it is likely, if not certain, that Andrew Monroe went to Virginia from Maryland in 1647, with Thomas Youell and Thomas Sturman. These two men originally settled in Kent Isle in the Chesapeake - first claimed by Colonel William Clayburn of the Virginia Council who settled it was in 1638 dispossessed by Lord Calvert. 
In 1647/8 Thomas Sturman and Andrew Monroe left St. Mary's and settled near Youell in Westmoreland county, Virginia. John Sturman later also crossed into Virginia where he married Elizabeth, daughter of Patrick and Dorcas Spence, the sister of Eleanor Spence, who married Andrew the 2nd, son of Andrew, the immigrant. Patrick Spence the second married Penelope, daughter of Thomas Youell." 
In 1647, however, Andrew Monroe was still engaged with St. Mary's -- On 24 February 1647 he was listed as the defendant in a suit brought by Mrs. Mary Brent, in which it was decreed that he would pay her 400 lbs of tobacco.
On 2 Apr 1648 Andrew Munrowe of Appomattox in Virginia (a point on the Potomac across the river from St. Mary's, Maryland) made a bill of sale for a heifer 2 years old to Thomas Sturman which was witnessed by John Sturman (Lb-383). 
On 6 Apr 1648 "Andrew Monroe of Appomattox in Virginia" signed with his mark as witness a deed of gift from Burgess Thomas Sturman to his son John Sturman of all his cattle and his shallop 'now in Maryland.' (Lb. 362). 
Roberts reports that Andrew Monroe was of Westmoreland Co, Virginia, by 1650. 
1650 Claim Against John Steerman
By 1650, Andrew's friend John Sturman was dead. On May 24, 1650, ""att a Court houlden att Chickecon...It is ordered by this Court that an Attachment shall be awarded against the Estate of John Sturman for a Debt of Foyer hundred pounds of tobaco." Witnessed by Andrew Munroe. 
1650 Land Patents in Virginia
In 1650 Andrew Monroe began to obtain a series of land grants in Virginia. The first of these, which notes the late Thomas Sterman as a neighbor, confirms that the Andrew Monroe of Maryland in the previous decade is the same Andrew Monroe who moved to Virginia and lived there.
8 June 1650. Andrew Munrow. Northumberland Co. 200 acres abutting north east upon a creek issuing out of Potomack River that divideth this land from a neck of land late in the possession of Thomas Sterman.  The land was described as neighboring land of John Hollowes, Gent., S. W. upon a great Indian Path neare Hallowes Cr. The patent reflected the transportation of 4 persons, Andrew Monrow, Sarah Hungerford, Christian Bell, Richd. Farmer. On the same date 328 acres neighboring Andrew Monrow's land was patended to John Hallowes.
29 November 1652. Andrew Munrow. Northumberland Co. 440 acres on a creek that issueth out of Potomac River; S. Et. on a plantation granted to said Andrew Munrow by patent.  The grant reflected transportation of 9 persons --William Longe, James Brice, William James, George Dale, John Teagg, Edis Kleg, John Hodin, Wm. Brice, James Longe. 
4 Sept 1655, Thomas Wilsford, Gent, received 50 acres in Westmoreland Co on N. W. side of Hallows Cr, adj his own land and land of Andrew Munroe, for transporting Sarah Southerne. 
18 March 1662. Andrew Monrow. Northumberland Co. Description: 440 acres N. Et. on a creek that issueth out of Potomac River; s. et. on a plantation granted to the said Andrew Monrow by patent. .Gen. note "The sd. land formerly granted sd. Monrow, Nov. 9., 1652."  This was the renewal of a patent dated 9 November 1652. 
26 October 1666. Andrew Monrowe receives 920 acres in W'moreland Co.
Mentions Potomack River, Thomas St ---, John Hallowes, gent., Jno. Bear---. Part granted him by patent 8 Jan. 1651 & 1 Mar. 1662; 280 acs. for trans. of 6 pers: Sarah Fanshaw, Margaret Bush, William Love, Sampson Wine, William Chase (?), Simon (?) Miller. On the same date 290 acres are mentioned in Westmoreland Co which had been deserted: "Upon Andrew Monroes Creek and land patented from Wm Bothum now in possession of Richard Heabeard and granted sd Heabeard 27 Mar 1658, deserted. Trans of 5 persons. [one was John Lewellin) 
1651 Marriage to Elizabeth
By 1652 Andrew Monroe married Elizabeth, "sometimes called Alexander".  or "said to be the daughter of Colonel John Alexander, who died in 1677." 
After Andrew Monroe's death, his widow Elizabeth Monroe, married a second time before July 30, 1679 George Horner, and a third time before February 23, 1686-7 Edward Mountjoy of Westmoreland County. 
1652 Oath of Allegiance to Commonwealth
On 11 April 1652 Andrew Monroe was among the Ninety-Seven settlers who signed the Oath of Allegiance to Cromwell's "Commonwealth of England as established without King or House of Lords." 
In 1659/60 he was a Member of the Westmoreland Commission. 
1661 Appomattox Vestry
On the July 3, 1661, Andrew Munroe was selected as a member of the Vestry of the Parish of Appomattox, and took the required "oath of allegiance and supremacie", subscribing to the following words: "I doe Acknowledge my self a true sonn of ye Church of Engld so I doc beleeve ye Articles of faith there professed & oblige myself to bee Conformable to ye Doctrine & Dicepline there taught & established." 
Elegant Lifestyles of Plantation Elite on the Potomac
"The Englishmen on the banks of the Potomac mingled elegant pleasures with rude labors and perilous enterprises. There is a record of a contract in 1670 between John LEE, son of Col. Richard LEE, then deceased, Henry CORBIN, Isaac ALLERTON, and Dr. Thomas GERRARD, for building a banqueting house at or near their respective lands. The English colonist acted as far as the circumstances would permit, precisely as he would in London. It was a rare thing if the richer settlers did not visit the mother country once during the year... 
Among those who resided in the "suburban" area (Westmoreland Co. VA) above Machodic, at Nomini Creek, were: Walter BRODHURST, Edmund BRENT, Nicholas SPENCER, Valentine PEYTON, Maj. John HALLOWES(HOLLIS), Above Nomini resided at Appomattox Creek (now Mattox) Col. John WASHINGTON, his father-in-law, Col. Nathaniel POPE, William BUTLER, the minister, and ANDREW MONROE, who lived in Maryland, in 1643.
Still further up the river, beyond Nomini, were Samuel HAYWARD, , Col. Giles BRENT, and his famous sister, Margaret BRENT, at "Peace" on Acquia Creek. Other settlers were Capt. John ASHTON, Capt. John LORD, brother of Rich'd LORD, of Hartford, New England; Capt. William HARDWICH, a tailor from Maryland, brother-in-law of Mrs. WASHINGTON; Thomas STURMAN, of Maryland; Daniel HUTT, formerly of London; John ROSIER, minister, Anthony BRIDGES, Capt. George MASON (born in 1629), John HILLILER, Capt. Thomas EWELL, Col. Gerrard FOWKE, Col. Thomas SPEKE, Capt. William PIERCE, Capt. John APPLETON, Col. Tomas BLAGG, Capt. Alexander BAINHAM, Col. John DODMAN, Lewis MARKHAM, Clement SPELMAN, William BROWNE, of Plymouth, Daniel LISSON, Robert VAULX, and Capt. Thomas and William BALDRIDGE. " 
1668 Death and Burial
Andrew Monroe died in 1668 in Westmoreland County, Virginia. He was buried at Doctor's Point, Westmoreland, County.
His exact date of death is unknown but on 28 April 1668, Elizabeth, relict of Andrew Monroe, made a deed of gift to her daughters, Elizabeth and Susanna, of "a pair of heifers marked with the mark of Andrew Monroe....all her children, Elizabeth, Susanna, Andrew, George and William to have a mare foal... when either Elizabeth or Susanna shall be married then the cattle shall be equally divided between them" (recorded 28 Apr 1668, Westmoreland County Records, 1668;23, 23a). 
1679 Estate Suit
The estate of Andrew Monroe as divided amongst the children, that in case of the mortality of either of the children, his estate ought desend to the surviveing children in equall shares, and Bunch Roe who married Eliz one of the surviveing Children of Andrew Monroe, Sergeant, and Bunch Roe...did arrest Geo: Horner who married the relict and administratrix of Andrew Monroe for his part of Geo: Monroe one of the children's estate, he being deceased, the Court doth order that Horner Make payment to Bunch Roe of his equall part of Geo. Monroe's estate. 
Andrew and Elizabeth had six children:"  Andrew and an earlier wife had a child, George as well.  mOne of the children, William, was a great great grandfather of Scotty [Catharine] Borum and a great grandfather of President James Monroe." 
George Monroe, born about 1645 in Charles County, Maryland to Andrew Monroe and his unnamed first wife.; died before 1668 in Charles County, Maryland
Mary Monroe b abt 1655, Westmoreland County, Virginia, d. 15 Jan 1660/61, Westmoreland County, Virginia (Age ~ 6 years)
Andrew Monroe II, b. 1661, Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia, d. 9 Jun 1714, Westmoreland County, Virginia - Probate (Age 53 years)
Elizabeth Monroe was born about 1662, Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia and died bef 1708, Westmoreland County, Virginia (Age ~ 45 years) Elizabeth is named as one of the surviving children of Andrew Monroe, Sergeant in a suit of her husband Bunch Roe against Elizabeth's mother's new husband, George Horner. 
William Monroe, b. 1666, Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia, d. 26 Apr 1737, Westmoreland County, Virginia - Probate (Age 71 years)
George Monroe was born bef 1668, Westmoreland County, Virginia, d. Bef 1679, Westmoreland County, Virginia (Age < 11 years)
Susannah Monroe, b. Abt 1668, Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia  Married Weedon.
Andrew Monroe was the great-great grandfather of President James Monroe.
1648 Did this Andrew Monroe fight in an English Battle?
In 1898, Scottish genealogist Alexander Mackenzie wrote, Andrew, who under his distinguished relative, General Sir George Munro, I, of Newmore, fought, with the rank of Major, at the battle of Preston, on the 17th of August, 1648, was taken prisoner there, and banished to Virginia, America. Andrew managed to effect his escape and settled in Northumberland County, Virginia, where he had several grants of land made to him, the first extending to 200 acres, designated as one of the "Head Rights," being dated the 8th of June, 1650. He married, and had issue, from whom, it is believed, President James Monroe of the United States of America was descended.
This account, tying together a battle in England and a land grant in Virginia linked only by similar names, gave Scottish nobility an American President for a descendant, and gave an American President's family a distinguished noble ancestry. The connection initiated by Mackenzie in 1898, was assumed by Edward S. Lewis in his Ancestry of James Monroe. 
Because facts have not been found to support this connection, WikiTree has a separate profile for Major Andrew Munro of the Katewell Munros, and for his parents, David and Agnes Munro, who were previously shown as the parents for Andrew Monroe, Immigrant to Maryland and Virginia. The difficulties imposed by conflating linking these two Andrews into one include the following:
The Maryland Andrew signed documents with a mark, indicating he was illiterate. Major Andrew of Katewell was literate. Noting this distinction in the documents, some writers conjectured an Andrew Monroe allotting time among his other mid-life pursuits, to learn to read and write. Lewis, for instance, wrote that "Andrew began to write the name Munroe and it finally attained its present form, Monroe
The Maryland Andrew having sided with the Parliamentarians and against the Royal government during Ingle's Rebellion in Maryland in 1645, and then retreating to Parliament-governed Virginia, the notion that the same Andrew crossed the Atlantic to fight against the Parliamentarians on behalf of the Scots and king is improbable.
By April of 1648, Andrew Monroe, Immigrant was just getting settled in his new property in Appomattox, Virginia -- an unusual time to return to Scotland to fight a war in August of that same year.
England and Scotland of this period were extremely class conscious. The notion that someone who was illiterate in Maryland and possibly a servant there would emerge in a Battle with a rank of Major appears doubtful.
Parents and Ancestry
If one agrees that Andrew Monroe, Immigrant, and Major Andrew Munro of Scotland were two different people, then one agrees that the parents and ancestors of Andrew Monroe, immigrant, are unknown. If one asserts that the two are one, then the well known ancestors of Major Andrew Munro were also ancestors of Andrew Monroe, Immigrant.
Scholars fall into two camps:
The two-person camp asserts that an Andrew Monroe came to Maryland in 1637 and was there until he moved to Virginia in 1648, and was not the Major Andrew Munro, son of James, who fought in the Battle of Preston, England, in 1648. This theory solves the problem of Andrew being two places in 1648, but, since there appears to be only one Andrew Monroe in Virginia subsequently, leaves unsolved the question of which Andrew died in 1677. The two-person theory is advocated by King, as reported by Roberts: Andrew Monroe/Munro of St. Mary's County, Maryland (1642-1647) and later of Westmoreland County, Virginia, was not the younger Mr. Andrew Munro, second son of David Munro of Katewell and Agnes Munro of Durness, and rector of St. Luke's Church, Newport Parish, Isle of Wight County, Virginia, who died intestate in 1719. 
The one-person camp asserts that Andrew Monroe who came to Maryland in 1642 returned to Scotland in 1648 in order to fight at the Battle of Preston and after the defeat there was taken prisoner and banished to Virginia. This theory solves the problem of two Andrews, but leaves unsolved the question that the earlier Maryland Andrew appears to be illiterate, while the Scottish Major was literate -- and also the question of what prompted a Maryland settler to return to Scotland at that particular time. The one-person theory is advocated by Lewis 
↑ 1.01.11.21.220.127.116.11 Gary Boyd Roberts. Ancestors of American Presidents. 2009 Edition. New England Historical Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts, 2009. page 18
↑ 9.09.19.29.18.104.22.168.7 Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Volume I, IV--Burgesses and Other Prominent Persons. Cited by Geni Elizabeth Alexander Added by: Dianna Lynn Ordway on June 8, 2007; Managed by:Margaret (C) and 25 others; Curated by: Erica Howton. Accessed October 30, 2018 jhd
↑ Maryland Archives [www.mdarchives.state.md.us+%22andrew+monroe%22&hl=en
Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly January 1637/8-September 1664Volume 1, Page 167] Liber M C p. 248, 249. Cited by Mike Marshal, Colonials.
↑ Maryland Record ABH: 276, cited by Gust Skordas, The Early Settlers of Maryland. Genealogical Publishing House, 1968, p. 320
↑ 12.012.112.212.3 Edward S. Lewis. Ancestry of James Monroe. The William and Mary Quarterly Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul., 1923), pp. 173-179 This significant work of biography asserts, without adequate support of either fact or logic, that the Andrew Monroe who settled in Maryland and the Major Andrew Munro of the Battle of Preston were one and the same.
↑ Maryland State Archives, Judicial and Testamentary Business of the Provincial Court, 1649/50-1657 Volume 10, Page 362 [www.mdarchives.state.md.us+%22andrew+munroe%22&hl=en Deposition of Nicholas Gwyther. Cited by Mike Marshall, Colonial Families
↑ "Westmoreland County Deeds, Wills, Patents, etc, from 1661-1662", p. 46, cited in "The Washington Ancestry and Records of the McClain, Johnson and Forty Other Colonial American Families, Volume 1, Page 167 by Mike Marshall. Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties Andrew Monroe. Accessed October 31, 2018 jhd The Vestry was comprised of John Dodman, Andrew Munroe, John Washington, Herbert Smith, Daniel Lisson, Richard Griffin, William Ffreke, John Turnere, Ffrancis Grey, William Webb, Henry Brookes, and Nathaniel Jones.
↑ 26.026.1 Genealogies of VA Families" in William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. V, p.903-907 Cited by Geni Elizabeth Alexander Added by: Dianna Lynn Ordway on June 8, 2007; Managed by:Margaret (C) and 25 others; Curated by: Erica Howton. Accessed October 30, 2018 jhd
↑ Becky Bass Bonner and Josephine Lindsay Bass. My Southern Family Updated 29 May 2005. Accessed October 30l 3018 jhd
↑ Roberts points to the proof of this in Clan Munro Magazine, No 6 (1959-60) 14-18, ("An Unsolved Problem: President James Monroe's Scottish Ancestry" by George H. S. King, Cited by Gary Boyd Roberts. Ancestors of American Presidents. 2009 Edition. New England Historical Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts, 2009. page 229
Heale and Muscoe, Genealogies of Virginia Families from the William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. III, pp. 742-752. This article has a genealogy of the Munro clan of Scotland down to and including Andrew Monroe of Northumberland Co., Virginia.
Early Immigrants to Virginia from the 1500s and 1600s Author: Kinard, June. comp. Publication: Ancestry.com Operations Inc APID: 1,5090::0
Westmoreland County, Virginia Wills, 1654-1800 Author: Lineages, Inc., comp. Publication: Ancestry.com Operations Inc APID: 1,4900::0
Register of Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, Virginia 1723-1758 Title: Register of Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, Virginia 1723-1758
Abbreviation: George H.S. King, William and Mary Quarterly Title: George H.S. King, William and Mary Quarterly
Susan Kellar Ratcliffe, Michael Kellar and Catharine Monroe of Fairfax County, Virginia (Gateway Press: Baltimore, 2002) Title: Susan Kellar Ratcliffe, Michael Kellar and Catharine Monroe of Fairfax County, Virginia (Gateway Press: Baltimore, 2002) Note: Source Medium: Other