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Peter Montague Sr. (1603 - 1659)

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Peter Montague Sr.
Born in Boveney, Burnham Parish, Buckinghamshire, Englandmap
Brother of
Husband of — married in James City, British Colony of Virginia, North Americamap
Husband of — married in Nansemond, Suffolk co., Virginiamap
Died in Lancaster County, English colony of Virginiamap
Montague-36 created 27 Mar 2011 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 2,987 times.

Categories: Questionable Gateway Ancestors | Boveney, Buckinghamshire | Lancaster County, Virginia | Jamestown, Virginia Colony | US Southern Colonist.

US Southern Colonies.
This person settled in the Southern Colonies in North America prior to incorporation into the USA.
Join: US Southern Colonies Project. Discuss: southern_colonies.


Peter was the first Montague immigrant to America; he was a landowner, businessman, and member of the House of Burgesses for Nansemond County in 1652 and 1653, and for Lancaster County in 1657.[1]

Peter was born in Boveney, a small hamlet on the north side of the Thames river across the Thames from Windsor, wherein lies Windsor Castle, a residence of the monarchs of England. He probably received a fair education, based on his knowledge of Latin, although there is no evidence that he went to nearby Eton college. Nonetheless, his Uncle, William Montague, was a fellow of both Eton and Kings College, Cambridge.

Peter was the son of Peter Montague I and Eleanor (Allen) Montague of Boveney. His mother was the daughter of William Allen of Burnham. He was the older brother of Richard Montague, the progenitor of the New England Montagues. Peter immigrated to Jamestown in November 1621 on the ship Charles (on its second trip to Jamestown) at the expense of William Ewen, in company with 1300 new settlers along with Sir Francis Wyatt, who had been appointed the new governor of the colony.

A tradition traced to Latane Montague (b. 1731) claims that during "the first half day's work he did ruined [sic] his hands so that he had to rest. To pass the time, he began to read his master's books, who caught him reading Latin, and soon obtained for him the position of school teacher." The fact that schools were not established in Jamestown until the time that Peter landed suggests that this story is plausible, and that Peter may have been the, or one of the, first school teachers in Virginia.

The muster roll from January 1623 shows that Peter resided on the estate of Captain Samuel Mathews, whose son later became Governor of the Colony of Virginia, along with two of his shipmates, William Lusam and William Field. He earned his first land patent in 1637. Peter is known to have been a planter or plantation owner. His crops consisted of wheat, barley, and tobacco, which was exported to England. Peter married his first wife (Name: Unknown) in James City in 1628 while residing at Capt. Samuel Mathew's plantation. He married his second wife, Cicely in 1633, according to History and genealogy of Peter Montague, of Nansemond --- - see below. As Cicely Baily, Jordan, Farrar's last husband (William Farrar) did not die until at least 1635, it's unlikely that she was Peter's 2nd wife. Peter Montague represented Nanesmond County in the Virginia House of Burgesses from November 25, 1652 through July 5, 1653, and also represented Lancaster Country from 1651 to 1658.

As to the date of Peter's death and final resting place, "He died the last of April or the first of May, 1659, and was buried on the north bank of the Rappahannock, near his home. His tombstone was standing as late as 1849, but much defaced by the hand of time" (pg. 56).[2]

Regarding his wife Cicely, "He married, probably in the spring of 1633, Cicely *----*. Effort has been made to discover the maiden name of his wife and something of the family to which she belonged."[3] It is not proven that this Cicely married Peter Montague.

Peter and Cicely [Unknown] were no doubt married some where in the vicinity of James City, for Peter Montague spent the first years of his life in the New World in and around James City county. Family tradition says she that was a daughter of Samuel Mathews, who was Governor of the Colony in 1656 but this is unproven. It is true that Peter lived on the plantation of Capt. Mathews during these early years, and that Capt. Mathews and Peter Montague were life-long associates and friends. However, no record of such a marriage has been found. All of the records of James City County were destroyed during the 1861-1865 war between the states so that no record there dates to before 1865. Peter's 2nd wife outlived him. She was the executor of his estate jointly with his eldest son, Peter Montague, Jr. No record of Cicely's death has been found."[2]

Children of Peter Montague and his 1st wife, Unknown:
  1. Ann Montague, born about 1630, mother Unknown.
  2. Ellen Montague, born about 1632, mother Unknown. She was also known as Eleanor.
  3. Margaret Montague, born about 1634, mother Unknown.
  4. Peter Montague, born about 1635, mother Unknown.
Children of Peter Montague and Cicely [Unknown]
  1. William Montague, born about 1639, mother Cicely [Unk.].
  2. Elizabeth Montague, born about 1640, mother Cicely [Unk.].
Peter Montague’s Will of 27 Mar 1659; proved 25 May 1659[4]
In the name of God amen, I Peter Montague being weak in body and perfect memory do make this my last will and testament, this the 27th of March 1659 in name and form following,
First I bequeath my soul into the hands of my redeemer Jesus Christ, and my body to be buried.
Item, my debts being first paid I give to my loving wife Cicely one third part of all my real and personal estate according to law.
Item, I give to my two sons Peter and Will Mountague [sic] all my land lying on Rappahannock river to them and their heirs forever, and the land being divided it is my will, that the elder is to have the first choice, and in case of want of heirs of either, the survivor to enjoy all the land, and in case both of them shall depart this life without heirs, lawfully begotten, then my will is that the said land be sold by the commissioners of this county after public notice given either at an outcry, or by an inch of candle and the produce thereof to be equally divided between my three daughters Ellen, Margaret, and Elizabeth, and the child of Ann late wife of John Jadwin, and in case of any of these shall died without issue, then the produce of the said land to be divided between the survivors.
Item, I give the other two thirds of my personal estate to my four children Peter Montague Jr., Will, Margaret, and Elizabeth to be equally divided among them.
Item, I give to my daughter Ellen, the wife of Will Thompson, one thousand pounds of tobacco, and cask to be deducted, of a bill of thirteen hundred pounds of tobacco now due to me by the said Will Thompson. Lastly I ordain my loving wife Cicely and my son Peter jointly Executrix and Executor of this my last will and testament. In witness of the previous I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above written 1659 interlined before the signing and sealing therof. (Signed) Peter Mountague, (Ye seal)

Research Notes

Peter came to Virginia with Sir Francis WYATT (Sir Francis is the brother of Rev. Haute WYATT).

A "Peter Montacue [aged] 21" is among the "servants" in the 1624 Muster of Samuel Mathews, Sr.[5] Muster February 4, 1624.[6]

Douglas Richardson: Could not find "Peter Montague" or "Peter Montagu" in either Royal Ancestry and Magna Carta Ancestry. He also was not included in Medieval Lands (which cover up to 1500). ~ Liz Shifflett, Magna Carta project


  1. Virginia. General Assembly. House of Burgesses; McIlwaine, H. R. (Henry Read), Journals of the House of Burgesses of VA, 1659/60-1963. (Vol 1 1619-1658/1659, Page ) Richmond, VA: [Library Board, Virginia State Library] accessed 3 February 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Montague, George William, 1894 History and genealogy of Peter Montague, of Nansemond and Lancaster Counties, Virginia, and his descendants, 1621-1894 (Pages 15, 52, 56) Amherst, MA: Press of Carpenter & Morehouse, accessed 8 February 2016.
  3. Montague, History and genealogy of Peter Montague, of Nansemond ---, p. 56. footnote: "The Muster Roll of 1624 contains the names of but two persons of the name of Cicily. One was Cicily Greene at the plantation of Capt. Ralph Hamor at James City. The other was Mrs. Cicily Jordan, of Jordan's Journey at Charles City. She was a young widow, age 24 years, who came in the ship "Swan," in August, 1610, when she was but ten years of age. She owned the plantation at Jordans Journey, and William Farrar was the manager. Her husband had recently died (1624). She had two children, Mary aged three years, and Margaret aged one year, both born in Va. Robert Manuell and John Hely, who came with Peter Montague in 1621, were both located on Mrs. Jordan's plantation. Their names appear in both lists, that of Feb'y, 1623, and Jan'y, 1624."
  4. History and genealogy of Peter Montague, of Nansemond and Lancaster Counties, Virginia, and his descendants, 1621-1894 Authors: Montague, George Wm. (George William), b. 1836. Publisher Amherst, Mass., Press of Carpenter & Morehouse, 1894. Page 57.
  5. Neill, Edward D. 1886 Virginia Carolorum: the colony under the rule of Charles the First and Second, A. D. 1625-A (Page 21) Albany, N.Y., J. Munsell's sons, accessed 9 February 2016.
  6. Virtual Jamestown Muster of February 24, 1624/5.

See also:

  • Kinard, June. comp. Early Immigrants to Virginia from the 1500s and 1600s [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA:; Operations Inc., 2000. Published by The Researchers, PO box 39063, Indianapolis IN. 46239-0063.
  • Montague III, Robert V., 2013 History and Genealogy of Peter Montague of Jamestown, VA 1603-2003. pg. 15

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No known carriers of Peter's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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On 21 Apr 2016 at 16:03 GMT Eric Daly wrote:

Grand daughter of Peter, daughter of Peter Montague and Mary Doodes/Minor

Mary Montague aka Payne, Johnson, Ball, Hewes

same profile and same husbands Mary Montague

Also William Montague married Hannah Ball daughter of Richard Ball relative of Joseph Ball who married the profile(s) above.

On 21 Apr 2016 at 08:04 GMT Eric Daly wrote:

Thanks Liz, yes i know that connection, the minors are connected through Peters daughter Elizabeth and son Peter, also the same Ball's married into George Washington's line. Thanks again, Eric

On 21 Apr 2016 at 07:59 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

p 409 of this book talks about the William Montague who married Hannah Ball (daughter of Richard Ball)

On 21 Apr 2016 at 07:45 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Maybe a lead in this JSTOR article, "Marriage Bonds in Lancaster County", which has a 1727 marriage of William Montague (son of William) to Hannah, daughter of Sarah Ball. Witnesses included a John Minor. Descendants in WikiTree of this Peter include the surnames Ball & Minor, but no William m Hannah.

On 21 Apr 2016 at 05:41 GMT Paula J wrote:

I have invited the Magna Carta project to collaborate with Southern Colonies in management of this project. They have much expertise to lend!

On 21 Apr 2016 at 05:08 GMT Paula J wrote:

I see that Peter's will has been added and that it references Cicely. Thank you, Eric. This is from the same source that Bruce added. Thanks to everyone who has added sources and research notes to this profile.

On 21 Apr 2016 at 04:48 GMT Paula J wrote:

Please continue to participate and contribute to these profiles. The project doesn't own them but simply manages them. We will actively watch for any new duplicates or changes once everyone reaches consensus based on the best currently availabe sources. Thank you so much for your interest in these profiles!

On 21 Apr 2016 at 04:34 GMT Paula J wrote:

The Southern Colonies project will be managing this profile in the future.

Please be patient as we work out the confusion surrounding this profile, potential duplicates and all of the connecting profiles and their multiple duplicates. Please note our process is to find original sources and add the facts from those sources. There is a current search of digital images of documents in progress. Despite the urge to make decisions based on previously held belief, please be patient. This profile and it's possible duplicates is being researched as part of the Montague family. I expect that this profile will take longer than the rest. Our goal is to strip away anything not proven and sourced. Once what is clearly fact is demonstrated, we will all reach consensus on how to present theories.

On 20 Apr 2016 at 10:04 GMT Eric Daly wrote:

Managers; I have requested a Project take over this profile, some of you have many outstanding merges either of the same profile or collataerall profiles. The requirement for a merge is that it is the same profile, differences can be resolved later by adding sources which you are recieving help with. At the moment adding the sources to collaterall profiles will make the mess much more so. Please do not add the requested merges as unmatched merges. Help us to help you.

On 20 Apr 2016 at 07:48 GMT Eric Daly wrote:

Montague-677 and Montague-36 appear to represent the same person because: Clear Dupicate

more comments

Peter is 16 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 24 degrees from Bob Dylan, 19 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 18 degrees from Michael Phelps and 17 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth Realms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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