Louis Joseph (Montcalm) de Montcalm

Joseph Louis (Montcalm) de Montcalm (1712 - 1759)

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Général Joseph Louis (Louis Joseph) de Montcalm formerly Montcalm
Born in Château de Candiac, Languedoc, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Paris, Île-de-France, Francemap
[children unknown]
Died in Québec, Canada, Nouvelle-Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 19 Dec 2017
This page has been accessed 916 times.
Notables
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Louis Joseph (Montcalm) de Montcalm has French origins.
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Louis Joseph (Montcalm) de Montcalm lived
in Canada, Nouvelle-France.
Général Louis Joseph (Montcalm) de Montcalm was the French Forces Commander and killed in action during the Battle of the Plains of Abraham 1759 during the French and Indian War (Seven Years War).
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Louis Joseph (Montcalm) de Montcalm migrated from France to New France.
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Contents

Biography

Louis Joseph de Montcalm, was born on 28 February 1712, baptized on March 6th in the church of Vauvert: Joseph Louis de Montcalm son of Louis Daniel de Montcalm and Marie Thérèse de Castellane.:

L'an mil sept cens douze et le sixiesme Mars, Joseph Louis de Montcalm, fils de Messire Louis Daniel de Montcalm, Seigneur de St-Véran et austres lieux, et de dame Marie Thérèse de Castellane, a esté baptisé dans l'église de Vauvert, estant né le ving-huitiesme du mois dernier. Son parrein a esté Messire Joseph Mathias de Castellane, marquis d'Ampus, sa marreine madame Marie de Guillaumont, dame de Vaux. Présens Louis Saporta et Messire Joseph François de Castellane soussignés, avec Messieurs le père, le parrein, et Mme la marreine, par moi Vincens, curé.
Vincens, curé, Ste-Chattes, Sainvéran, Castellane d'Ampus, M. de Guillaumont, Castellane d'Ampus, Saporta, signés[1]

On 3 October 1736 he married Anne Angélique Louise Talon du Boulay, posthumous daughter of Omer Talon, 3rd of the name, Marquis du Boulay, &c, colonel of the regiment d'Orléanois, infantry, deceased 10 July 1709, and of Marie Louise Molé.

They had the following children:

  1. Angélique Louise Thérèse, b 30 Aug 1737- married (as 3rd wife) in 1759 to François Charles Xavier de Coriolis de Villeneuve 1708-1786
  2. Louis Jean Pierre Marie Gilbert, b 10 Oct 1738- married to Jeanne Marie de LÉVIS 1740-1823
  3. François Déodat Gilbert , b 30 Sept 1744
  4. Louise Françoise Charlotte de Montcalm Gozon; married 6 January 1766 to Jean Henri Doria[2]
  5. Marie Anne Macrine married 28 April 1773 to Claude Charles DAMAS 1731-
  6. Marie Antoinette
  7. Pauline 1750-[3]

Note: One of the last 3 daughters cited inherited from her maternal aunt Marquise de la Bourdonnaye. She is the only one among the 3 mentioned in the Dictionnaire de la noblesse, given name not recorded, the other 2 are from Geneanet.

Research Notes:

Note: An excellent historical biographical is available at: " Volume III (1741-1770)Dictionary of Canadian Biography." Biographi.ca Louis-Joseph de Montcalm

Note: Genealogy Excerpt: " MONTCALM, LOUIS-JOSEPH DE, Marquis de MONTCALM, seigneur of Saint-Veran, Candiac, Tournemine, Vestric, Saint-Julien, and Arpaon, Baron de Gabriac, lieutenant-general; b. at Candiac, France, 28 Feb. 1712, son of Louis-Daniel de Montcalm and Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte de Lauris de Castellane; d. at Quebec 14 Sept. 1759.

The castle of Montcalm still exists today, photo included here:Wikipedia Vestric-et-Candiac

The Montcalms were an old and distinguished family of the nobility of the robe. In 1628 Louis de Montcalm had married Marthe de Gozon who brought her family’s lands to the marriage on condition that her husband and their male children bear the name and arms of Gozon.

Gozon Coat of Arms

[4]

Note: "seigneur of Saint-Veran, Candiac, Tournemine, Vestric, Saint-Julien, and Arpaon, Baron de Gabriac, and Gozon are French royal or noble conveyances. Conveyances often were property, title, authority and or Noble Surnames. Baraboo-1 14:47, 19 July 2017 (EDT)


Note:

La bataille des Plaines d'Abraham' s'est déroulée le 13 septembre 1759 durant la guerre de Sept Ans à Québec, en Nouvelle-France. Elle ne dura pas plus de 30 minutes3.

Montcalm leading his troops at the Plains of Abraham

Elle opposa les Français défendant la ville assiégée à l’armée britannique attaquante et se solda par la victoire de cette dernière et la mort des deux généraux commandant la bataille, Montcalm et Wolfe. Elle marque le début de la conquête britannique et la fin du régime français au Canada." [5] "The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, also known as the Battle of Quebec (Bataille des Plaines d'Abraham, or Première bataille de Québec in French), was a pivotal battle in the Seven Years' War (referred to as the French and Indian War in the United States). The battle, which began on 13 September 1759, was fought by the British Army and Navy against the French Army on a plateau just outside the walls of Quebec City, on land that was originally owned by a farmer named Abraham Martin, hence the name of the battle. The battle involved fewer than 10,000 troops between both sides, but proved to be a deciding moment in the conflict between France and Britain over the fate of New France, influencing the later creation of Canada.[4]

The culmination of a three-month siege by the British, the battle lasted about an hour. British troops commanded by General James Wolfe successfully resisted the column advance of French troops and Canadian militia under General Louis-Joseph, Marquis de Montcalm, employing new tactics that proved extremely effective against standard military formations used in most large European conflicts. Both generals were mortally wounded during the battle; Wolfe received three gunshot wounds that ended his life within minutes of the beginning of the engagement and Montcalm died the next morning after receiving a musket ball wound just below his ribs. In the wake of the battle, the French evacuated the city; their remaining military force in Canada and the rest of North America came under increasing pressure from British forces."

Mortally Wounded in Action

[6]

Family Information

Louis Joseph de Montcalm

Born 28 February 1712

Deceased 14 September 1759 - Québec, Canada, Nouvelle-France age at death: 47 years old

Marquis de Saint Véran, Héros de la défense de Québec, Gd Croix St-Louis

Parents

Louis Daniel de Montcalm 1678-1735 (Marquis de Saint Véran en Languedoc et de Montcalm)

Marie Louise Thérèse Charlotte de LAURIS de CASTELLANE des GÉRARDS de VASSADEL

Individual Note:

"Fut fait enseigne dans le régiment d'Infanterie du Hainaut en août 1721, capitaine en septembre 1729, nommé Colonel du régiment d'Infanterie d'Auxerrois le 6 mars 1743 et chevalier de l'ordre de St-Louis le 12 avril de la même année. En 1746 il servit dans l'armée du maréchal de Maillabois en Italie qui le détacha le 1er mai avec quatre bataillons pour occuper le poste important d'Alicé près d'Acqui ou il y avait mille Piémontais qui se retirèrent à la vue des François. Le marquis de Montcalm fut établi dans Alicé pour y commander ; et la nuit du 9 au 10 de mai, ayant marché par des chemins impraticables, il enleva cent cinquante Barbets qui étaient dans Montabone à quatre lieues d'Alicé. En 1756, l'année de son départ pour le Canada, il fut promu maréchal de camp et bientôt après, lieutenant général. Il comptait à son actif cinq campagnes et sept blessures. Il arriva à Québec le 13 mai 1756. Il expira le matin du 14 septembre 1759. On mit le corps dans un cercueil de fortune, puis à 9 heures du soir, on le transporta dans le couvent des Ursulines, fondé 100 ans plus tôt, par soeur Marie de l'Incarnation, et on l'enterra dans un trou d'obus." [7]

Military Service

" Montcalm, Louis Joseph de Mont­calm-Gozon, Marquis de (1712-1759), captain-general and commander-in-chief of the French forces in Canada (1756-9), was born at the château of Candiac, near Nimes, France, on February 29, 1712, the son of Louis Daniel de Montcalm, seigneur de Saint-Véran, and Marie-Thérèse de Castellane-Dampus.

He received an excellent private education, and in 1721 entered the army as an ensign.

Early in his military career, he fought in the Wars of Polish and Austrian Succession.

In 1756 he was sent to Canada as commander-in-chief of the French forces, with the rank of major-general.

He opened his campaign with the capture of Oswego in August, 1756 ;

and in 1757 he took and demolished Fort William Henry.

His greatest success was, however, the defeat of Abercromby's invading army at Ticonderoga (Carillon) in 1758. He was victorious in the Battle of Carillon, a 1758 event in which the 4,000 men under his command defeated 16,000 British troops.

In 1759 he defended Quebec against the army of Wolfe, until defeated at the battle of the Plains of Abraham on September 13, 1759.

During the battle he was mortally wounded, and he died in Quebec the following day, before the surrender of the citadel.

He represented the French régime in Canada at its best. In 1736 he married Angélique Louise Talon du Boulay, daughter of the Marquis du Boulay, and he had by her five children. [8][9]

Historical Biographical Excerpt

" Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Gozon, Marquis de Saint-Veran (28 February 1712 [O.S. 17 February 1712] – 14 September 1759) was a French soldier best known as the commander of the forces in North America during the Seven Years' War (whose North American theatre is called the French and Indian War in the United States).

Montcalm was born near Nîmes in France to a noble family, and entered military service early in life. He saw service in the War of the Polish Succession and the War of the Austrian Succession, where his distinguished service led to promotion to brigadier general. In 1756 King Louis XV sent him to New France to lead its defence against the British in the Seven Years' War. Montcalm met with notable successes in 1756, 1757 and 1758, but British mobilisation of large numbers of troops against New France led to military setbacks in 1758 and 1759 (when, in January, he was promoted to lieutenant general), culminating in Montcalm's death at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham.

Montcalm's service in New France was marked by conflict between himself and the Governor General of the colony, Pierre de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnial. These men were the leaders of the war effort in New France during the Seven Years' War.

Montcalm is a controversial figure among military historians, some of whom have strongly criticized his decisions at Quebec. But he has also been much memorialized, especially in France, Quebec and parts of New York." [10]

Fichier origine

MONTCALM (De), Louis-Joseph (b: Joseph-Louis) 242968
Date de naissance: 28-02-1712
Lieu d'origine: Candiac (château), auj. Vestric-et-Candiac (Gard) 30347
Parents: Louis-Daniel et Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte de Lauris de Castellane
Date du contrat de mariage: 30-04-1708
Première mention au pays: 1756
Occupation à l'arrivée: Lieutenant général des armées françaises en Nouvelle-France
Date de mariage: 03-10-1736
Lieu du mariage: Paris (Seine)
Conjointe: Angélique-Louise Talon de Boulay
Décès ou inhumation: Québec, 14-09-1759
Remarques: Son contrat de mariage du 02-10-1736 est signé chez le notaire Pierre-Christophe Tessier à Paris. Son père est né le 23-09-1676 à Gabriac (St-Jean-Baptiste) (Lozère, 48110), d. le 13-09-1736 à Montpellier (Hérault, 34172), fils de Jean-Louis de Montcalm-Gozon et Judith de Valat. Sa mère est fille de Joseph-Mathias de Lauris de Valbonette et Marguerite de Vassadel. Sa soeur Louise-Françoise-Thérèse, b. le 18-06-1710 à Tournemire (L'Assomption) (Aveyron, 12282). Sa soeur Hervée-Macrine, née le 19-07-1723 à Candiac (château). Actes à signaler : Louis-Jean-Pierre-Joseph, baron de St-Victor de Montcalm (Jean-Louis-Pierre de Montcalm-Gozon, et Magdeleine Girard de Colondres); et Marie-Élisabeth Delpuech de la Bastide (Gabriel et Élisabeth Delpuech de la Goussonnie), mariés à Villefranche-d'Albigeois (La Nativité) (Tarn, 81317), le 31-03-1755, dont 6 enfants : trois sont b. à St-Cirice-de-Bourran, Gozon-et-Melvieu, cne Les Costes-Gozon : Jean-Paul-François, le 20-01-1756 ; Marie-Sabine-Hélizabeth, le 04-05-1758 et Samuel-Déodat, le 27-05-1759 ; trois sont b. à Villefranche-d'Albigeois (Tarn, 81317) : Hélène-Hémélie, le 09-07-1761 ; Louis-Barthélémi, le 11-06-1764 et Marie-Josèphe-Gabrielle, le 17-05-1766.[11][12]

Notes

There exists a letter written by Louis Joseph de Montcalm to Sister Ste-Hélène, superior of the Hôtel-Dieu hospital, written in 1756, he signed it simply Montcalm. It can be viewed through this link, click on voir les images button: BANQ lettre de Montcalm

Montcalm was originally buried in the Ursulines convent chapel[13]

His body was buried in the chapel of the Ursulines sisters until October 11, 2001, when he finally got the funeral he never had. On that day, in presence of the religious, civil and military authorities of Québec and France and thousands of Quebeckers he was transferred with all the due pomps to the Hôpital Général de Québec Cemetery. His mausoleum has been build just beside the graves of hundreds of his men and officers, including 17 of his fellow Knights of St-Louis, This sacred ground has become the Seven Years War Memorial.[14]

In Montréal, Montcalm has a street named for him. It is one street east of Wolfe Street, the two are parallel, thus never meet.Liard-1

Sources

  1. Baptism transcription; cited source: Archives communales de la ville de Vauvert (Gard), reg. G.G.I. folio 193
  2. Dictionnaire de la Noblesse pg 144-146
  3. Geneanet tree Guillaume de Wailly
  4. Wikipedia Gozon
  5. [(https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bataille_des_Plaines_d%27Abraham)]
  6. [(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Plains_of_Abraham) Wikipedia battle of the plains of Abraham]
  7. [(Source: W. Stewart WALLACE, ed., The Encyclopedia of Canada, Vol. IV, Toronto, University Associates of Canada, 1948, 400p., p. 322.)]
  8. See T. Chapais, Le Marquis de Montcalm (Quebec, 1911) ; Abbé H. R. Casgrain, Wolfe and Montcalm (Toronto, 1905); F. Parkman, Montcalm and Wolfe (Boston, 1884); W. Wood, The fight for Canada (London, 1904), Montcalm, the hero of a lost cause (Toronto, 1912), and The passing of New France (Toronto, 1914) ; A. G. Doughty and G. W. Parmalee, The siege of Quebec and the battle of the plains of Abraham (6 vols., Quebec, 1901); Abbé H. R. Casgrain (ed.), Collection des manuscripts du Maréchal de Levis (12 vols., Montreal and Quebec, 1889-95); M. Sautai, Montcalm au combat de Carillon (Paris. 1909) ; A. G. Doughty (ed.), An historical journal of the campaigns in North America, by Capt. John Knox (3 vols., Toronto, 1914-6); C. Winchester (tr.), Memoirs of the Chevalier de Johnstone (3 vols., Aberdeen, 1870-1)."
  9. [(http://faculty.marianopolis.edu/c.belanger/quebechistory/encyclopedia/MarquisdeMontcalm-Louis-JosephdeMontcalm-Gozon.htm)]
  10. Wikipedia Montcalm
  11. DGFC, vol. 6, p. 76; DBC, vol. 3, p. 495
  12. Fichier Louis Joseph de Montcalm
  13. BANQ Chapelle
  14. Maintained by: Find A Grave ; Originally Created by: Guy Gagnon ; Record added: Sep 13, 2003 Find A Grave: Memorial #7866767


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Images: 7
Coat of Arms Flag of Nouvelle France and French Louisiana.
Coat of Arms Flag of Nouvelle France and French Louisiana.

Kingdom of France
Kingdom of France

General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Gozon
General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Gozon

Lt.Général Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Gozon : chevalier de l'ordre de St-Louis
Lt.Général Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Gozon : chevalier de l'ordre de St-Louis

Montcalm leading his troops at the Plains of Abraham
Montcalm leading his troops at the Plains of Abraham

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Collaboration

On 24 Dec 2017 at 06:42 GMT Danielle Liard wrote:

Isabelle, Notables project is already on here, they are the ones who protected it.

On 23 Dec 2017 at 17:01 GMT Jerry Baraboo wrote:

Yes Isabelle ,

Thank you for your help. I think Danielle is taking care of that.

On 22 Dec 2017 at 23:43 GMT I (Rassinot) R wrote:

This probably means the Quebecois project account should be added as manager, since this profile has the Quebecois project box on it and is protected.

On 18 Dec 2017 at 17:10 GMT Jerry Baraboo wrote:

Bonjour Guy, joyeux Noël

In Kind Regard: Is there something I may do to help, "Wikitree-18 doit être manager"  ?

Merci ..

On 17 Dec 2017 at 22:22 GMT Guy Constantineau wrote:

Bonjour Danielle,

Ce profil est PPP. Wikitree-18 doit être manager

Merci

On 14 Jul 2017 at 15:16 GMT Jerry Baraboo wrote:

I would like to accept responsibility as a Profile Manager for this profile. Please add me to the trusted list.

Thank You ..

jerry_baraboo@yahoo.com

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Baraboo-1



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