Richard II (Montfichet) de Montfichet
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Richard (Montfichet) de Montfichet (abt. 1193 - 1267)

Richard (Richard II) de Montfichet formerly Montfichet
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Profile last modified | Created 31 Oct 2013
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Magna Carta Surety Baron
Richard II de Montfichet was one of the twenty-five medieval barons who were surety for Magna Carta in 1215.
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Biography

Richard II (Montfichet) de Montfichet was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.

Richard de Montfichet was the son of Richard de Montfichet and his wife Millicent.[1][2] He was about ten when his father died in 1203,[1] pointing to a birth date of about 1193. On the death of his father, his wardship was granted to Roger de Lacy,[1] who paid £1000 for this.[3] Richard came of age in the period 1212-1214,[3] which also supports the estimate of his birth year.

Richard's inheritance included the Barony of Stansted Mountfitchet, based in Essex,[1][3] with almost 50 knights' fees,[1] and the hereditary office of custodian of the royal forests in Essex, which was granted to him at the time of the Magna Carta.[1]

In 1214 Richard witnessed a number of charters,[4] and also participated in King John's expedition to Poitou.[1]

In 1215 Richard joined the barons who compelled King John to sign the Magna Carta, of which he was one of the Sureties.[1][5] As with other rebel Barons, his lands were confiscated later that year.[1]

Richard remained in rebellion until early in the reign of Henry III. He was captured during the Second Battle of Lincoln in May 1217, and returned to allegiance in October 1217, leading to the restoration of his lands and of the office of custodian of the king's Essex forests.[1]

In 1225 Richard was a witness to the reissue of the Magna Carta. In 1230 he took part in an expedition to Brittany. In 1234 he was a Baron of the Exchequer. In 1236 he was made Chief Justice of the forests in the southern counties of England. The following year he witnessed a further confirmation of the Magna Carta.[1]

From 1242 to 1246 Richard was sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire.[1]

In 1244 he was among the barons charged with examining a request for a subsidy (a form of taxation).[1]

During Simon de Montfort's rebellion of the mid-1260s, Richard appears to have maintained a degree of neutrality.[1]

Richard married twice, though the family origins of his wives are not known. His first wife was Alice[1] or Agnes[6]: she was alive in 1217.[1][6] His second wife was Joyce,[1] probably widow of Sir Gilbert de Greinville.[6]

Richard died without surviving issue in 1267.[1][3] He was the last survivor of the Magna Carta Surety Barons. A little before his death he had transferred the office of custodian of the royal forests in Essex to Thomas de Clare.[1] His lands were inherited by the descendants of his three sisters.[3] His second wife outlived him, dying before 12 July 1274.[6]

Magna Carta 800th Anniversary Biography

by Professor Nigel Saul
"The largest group represented on the committee of Twenty Five was not so much the hard-line barons from northern England as the leading landowners of East Anglia and the south-east. Once the movement of rebellion against John had gathered strength and spread out, it was these men who were at its head and who, after June, took the lead in enforcing the Charter. One of these home counties lords was Richard de Montfichet.
"Richard was possibly drawn into the rebellion against John by his kinship ties with other rebel barons. His grandfather, Gilbert, had married Aveline de Lucy, the aunt of the rebel leader, Robert FitzWalter, and further back still, William, the first holder of the Montfichet barony, had been married to Margaret, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Hertford, forebear of two other members of the committee. Richard’s own sister was to marry William de Forz, yet another member. It is by no means clear, however, how kinship ties fitted into the matrix of baronial motivation alongside such other factors as personal grievance and questions of political principle. Quite possibly, their principal role was simply to reinforce decisions already made.
"Richard (after 1190–1267) was the eldest son of Richard de Montfichet (d. 1203), a servant of Richard the Lionheart, and his wife Millicent. He was a descendant of William de Montfichet (d. before 1156), whose barony of Stansted Montfichet (Essex) comprised nearly fifty knights’ fees, and from whom he inherited a claim to the custody of the royal forests in Essex, forfeited by his grandfather, probably for his part in the uprising against Henry II in 1173-4. The younger Richard came of age before 1214 and in that year served on King John’s failed expedition to Poitou in western France. Shortly afterwards, however, he is found on the rebel side, perhaps in the hope of recovering the rights forfeited by his family under Henry II, perhaps too as a result of the pull of the kinship ties already mentioned. On 21 June 1215, just six days after the king had given his assent to Magna Carta and by which time he had probably been named to the Twenty Five, he secured restoration to the custody of the forest of Essex, once held by his ancestors.
"After the papal annulment of Magna Carta and the renewal of civil war, Richard remained in the rebel camp and was captured at the battle of Lincoln in May 1217. In the following October, after the French withdrawal, he returned to the royal allegiance and recovered his lands and rights, including custody of the Essex forests. He was to be a witness to two of Henry III’s reissues of Magna Carta, the first in 1225, the authoritative reissue, and the second in 1237. In 1244 he was a baronial representative named to consider the king’s request for a grant of taxation and so probably had a hand in drafting the remarkable scheme of government reform of that year recorded by Matthew Paris in his chronicle. From 1242 to 1246 he served as sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire.
"Richard was married at least twice but left no male heir and on his death in 1267 his estates were partitioned among the children and grandchildren of his three sisters. Living to over 70, he was the longest-lived and last surviving of the Twenty Five Barons of Magna Carta.
"Among his estates was to be numbered the manor of Wraysbury in south Buckinghamshire, on the banks of the Thames immediately facing Runnymede and Old Windsor. It is not recorded what role, if any, Wraysbury played in the events of June 1215."

Above text courtesy of Professor Nigel Saul and the Magna Carta 800th Anniversary Committee

Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, entry for 'Montfichet, Richard de', print and online 2004, revised online 2005
  2. Douglas Richardson. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham, Salt Lake City: the author, 2013, Vol IV p. 383 PLAIZ 5. See also WikiTree's source page for ‘’Royal Ancestry’’.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 I J Sanders. English Baronies. A Study of their Origin and Descent 1086-1327, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1960, p. 83
  4. Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Vol. 38, pp. 281-282, entry for 'Montfichet, Richard de', Wikisopource
  5. Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham, 2nd edition. Salt Lake City: the author, 2011, Vol. I p. ix. See also WikiTree's source page for "Magna Carta Ancestry".
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Charles Cawley. 'Medieval Lands. A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families', hosted by Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG), Richard de Montfichet (-1267) Gilbert de Montfichet 1b
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, entry for 'Montfichet, Richard de', print and online 2004, revised online 2005, available online via some libraries
  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Vol. 38, pp. 281-282, entry for 'Montfichet, Richard de', Wikisopource
  • Cawley, Charles. "Medieval Lands": A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families © by Charles Cawley, hosted by Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG). See also WikiTree's source page for MedLands.
  • Wikipedia: Richard de Montfichet

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Bill Fikes for starting this profile. Click the Changes tab for the details of contributions by Bill and others.

Magna Carta Project

As a surety baron, Richard II de Montfichet is managed by the Magna Carta Project, even though he is one of the eight barons who had no descendants past the fourth generation. ~ Noland-165 00:08, 27 January 2018 (EST) This profile was revised and approved for the Magna Carta Project by Michael Cayley on 20 April 2020.


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100% 5-star profile (see more at Project:Magna Carta Project Star Profiles
posted by Michael Cayley
I plan to do some work on this profile as part of what I am doing for the Magna Carta Project on Surety Barons.
posted by Michael Cayley
I have now finished the main work I intend on this profile. If anyone spots any typos etc, please either correct them or message me. Thanks!
posted by Michael Cayley

Richard II is 24 degrees from Laurie Giffin, 37 degrees from Toni Morrison and 12 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.