Bernard Montgomery, was born to Bishop Henry Montgomery & Maud Farrar. He was educated at St Paul's School and Sandhurst Military Academy. Montgomery served in India before being sent to France at the beginning of the First World War. He was seriously wounded when he was shot in the chest in October 1914.
After the war Montgomery remained in the British Army and in 1926 became an instructor at Camberley. Promoted to the rank of major general he was sent to command British forces Palestine in October, 1938. As WWII began he was put in charge of the British Expeditionary Force. By 1942 he was in North Africa commanding the South-Eastern Army, fighting against Rommel's Afrika Korps. Churchill then put him in command of the Eighth Army.
Victorious in Africa, Montgomery, as commander of the 8th Army, led the invasion of Italy on 3rd September, 1943. When he landed at Reggio he experienced little resistance and later that day British warships landed the 1st Parachute Division at Taranto. Six days later the US 6th Corps arrived at Salerno.
Montgomery felt he was better qualified than Eisenhower to command the invasion of Normandy. However, as the United States provided most of the men, material and logistical support, Winston Churchill was unable to get the decision changed. After the failure of Operation Market-Garden Montgomery began to question the strategy developed by Eisenhower and as a result of comments made at a press conference he gave on 7th January, 1945, he was severely rebuked by Winston Churchill. He came close to being sacked, but was allowed to remain in Europe and at the end of the war was appointed Commander in Chief of the British Army of Occupation.
In 1946 Montgomery was granted a peerage and he took the title Viscount Montgomery of Alamein.
He died on 24 March 1976
Birth GRO 1st quarter 1888 at Lambeth 1d. 433
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