Do NOT merge with Ostenaco, they are not the same person
|Oconostota Moytoy was a Native American and member of the Cherokee tribe.|
|Join: Native Americans Project. Talk: native_americans.|
Member of the Ani'-Ga'tâge'wi or Kitua ("Wild Potato") Clan
- Groundhog Sausage
- Cunne Shote
- Oconastota Rainmaker
- From his father's name, James Beaver, Jr.
- Groundhog Sausage
- Beloved Warrior
- First Warrior
- Great warrior
- Skiagunsta Chote
Destinction between Ostenaco and Oconastota
"On leaving the fort the garrison was accompanied by a num- ber of Indians headetl by Oconastota, Cunigacatgoae, and Os- tenaco, who was also called Oucite, Jud's Friend and the Great Warrior."
"It is to be noted, however, that Timberlake designates Ostenaco as "Commander-in- Chief" while WilHnawavv' is called Governor of Toqua, and that he does not mention Oconastota. who was nrrbably at that time in the Valley Towns."
Do not confuse with Old Hop (Attakullakulla) who is also called Standing Turkey d. 1761
Chief Groundhog Sausage (Oconastota) [ CHILD ]
Portrait hanging in the Smithsonian Wikipedia Page Born 1702 With his siblings, has been mistakenly recorded to be the daughter of his aunt Quetsis (Que-Di-Si), elder sister of his mother (who was a younger elder sister of Old Hop). Great Warrior of Chota Member of the Ani'-Ga'tâge'wi or Kitua ("Wild Potato") Clan (Wa-Wli Vann) On the death of Old Hop (adopted uncle), shared power with his brother Kitegista. On 2/27/1761 was commissioned as a CPT in the French Army at New Orleans On 10/30/1773 was made a member of the St Andrews Society at Charleston, SC by John Stewart Signer of Henderson's Treaty, Sycamore Shoals, March 1775 His nephew Go-ohsohly was taken prisoner near Ft. Pitt. Another nephew was Savenooka ("The Raven", son of Ah-nee-wa-kee) Oconostota was 1/2 Shawnee, but was raised and lived in his mother's Cherokee culture. Oconostota is believed to be the Native American on the central emblem of the flag of Nashville, Tennessee. In 1730, Oconostota was one of six Cherokee delegates who visited England. It was there that he first met one of his future wives, Lucy Ward, who was a lady-in-waiting to the Queen. He made a return trip with two other Cherokee in 1762 to meet King George III. The painting pictured above was of him in his court attire on that visit, which did not go well. Although he had been schooled in the proper protocols when meeting British royalty, he greeted the King with the customary Cherokee hug, which shocked the court, and he was shunned by British society.
Oconostota became the Principal Chief of the Cherokee following the death of his cousin Attacullaculla, sometime around 1775-1777. He was suceeded by Rayetayah (Hanging Maw), who married a granddaughter of Moytoy I (and sister of Attacullculla).
By the time of the American Revolution, Oconostota was a great chief in his tribe, who had great influence with other allied tribes, as well. Hollywood and other fictitious portrayals of Native American leadership have always illustrated chiefs as being hereditary "kings" of their tribes. This, especially among the Cherokee, is a myth that has been perpetuated throughout the years.
A Native American's abilities in war, trade, and diplomacy brought them influence and the right to serve as a consultant to the tribal council. The power of these political structures was found in an individual.s ability to influence others. Once such a position was attained, it had to be held and proven over and over.
Married a woman of the Ani'-Wa'Ya clan, with whom he sired A-Li (q.v.) and Jennie (b. c. 1726) Second marriage (1735) to Quatsis Fox of the Ani'-Wâ'Di (Red Paint) Clan (adopting her two children Terrapin and Bark, from her marriage to John Watts Sr. [b. 1704], and siring Quatsis with her in 1736). She left him in 1738 when he entered into a third marriage, and her next husband was John Drowning Bear Brown [b. 1700], to whom she bore Chief Drowning Bear, father of his more famous namesake Yonaguska, whose niece is in this tree. Third marriage to Lucy Ward (b. 1714) Third marriage to Ooloosta Name also seen as A'gansta'ta and A-ga-nv-s-ta-ta, and means "groundhog-sausage," from a'gana, groundhog, and tsista'u, "I am pounding it," understood to refer to pounding meat, etc., in a mortar, after having first crisped it before the fire." A war chief, noted in the Cherokee war of 1760, and prominent until about the close of the Revolution, known to the whites as Oconostota. His name was re-used by the Cherokees for Colonel Gideon Morgan of the war of 1812, for Washington Morgan, his son, of the Civil war, and for a full-blood upon the reservation, known to the whites as Morgan Calhoun. Between 1775 and 1780 was Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation. Died about March 1783 at Chota Buried at Chota Townhouse site, CNE (now Monroe Co. TN), with his hands on his chest holding a broadsword pointed down. Oconostota's remains were uncovered during the archaeological digs around the site of Chota for the Tellico Reservoir impoundment. His burial site was at the front door of the Chota Council House. This was a high honor that indicated he was regarded as being above the stature of most Cherokee leaders. The members of the Council would have to walk over his grave to enter the structure and remember his contributions to the Chota village. Oconostota was identified by a pair of reading glasses that he owned which were buried with him. He had been buried in his canoe. Oconostota was re-interred at Chota in the portion raised by TVA (which includes the site of the council house) and has a gravestone marking the site. His name is given as Oconastota (with two a's) on his grave marker near the original site of Chota in Monroe County, Tennessee.
The columns of the Chota Council House and his grave were placed back in their original positions, then concrete was poured over them to prevent looting of the site. It is now under the dominion of the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indian and overseen by the Sequoyah Birthplace Museum in Vonore.
The site is still used in ceremonies by the Cherokee and regarded as the most sacred site of the Cherokee Nation. It is located south of the Sequoyah Birthplace Museum and Fort Loudoun State Park on the same stretch of road.
Born in Cherokee, Washington, Tennessee, United States. "Oconostota (ca. 1710-1783) was the Warrior (skiagusta) of Chota and the First Beloved Man of the Cherokee from 1775 to 1781" Oconostota was 1/2 Shawnee, but was raised and lived in his mother's Cherokee culture.
He is said to be the father of eleven children. He married three times . His third wife is unknown.
"His Cherokee name, according to 19th century anthropologist Mooney, was Aganstata, which he translated as "groundhog-sausage" (agana = groundhog, and tsistau = "I am pounding it" as in pounding meat in a mortar). It appears as "Oconastota" (with two "a"s) on his grave marker at the site of Chota.
Oconostota was the son of White Owl Raven and Nancy Moytoy, daughter of Amatoya Moytoy and Quatsy of Tellico, and was born around 1704, one of eleven children. The identity of Oconostota's first wife is a mystery, although she was of the Paint Clan. Their daughter, Nionne Ollie, was the wife of his predecessor, Attakullakulla.
After the death of his first wife, Oconostota invited Lucy Ward, a former lady-in-waiting to the Queen of England whom he had met in 1730, to join him in Chota. They were married and had one daughter, Lucy Ward II. The identity of Oconostota's third wife (after Lucy's death in 1758) is unknown.
Oconostota became the Principal Chief of the Cherokee following the death of his cousin Attacullaculla, sometime around 1775-1777. (He was sometimes called "Stalking Turkey", a fact which caused confusion in identifying Oconostota versus his uncle Kanagatucko, "Standing Turkey".) His tenure was fraught with warfare and struggle, which culminated in 1780 in the destruction of Chota-Tanasi by the American revolutionary forces. Oconostota was believed to have died in either 1782 or 1783. He was buried with his hands on his chest holding a broadword pointing down his body.
Oconostota's grave at the Chota memorial, in Monroe County, Tennessee. During the archaeological digs at the site of Chota prior to the Tellico Reservoir impoundment, the remains of Oconostota were found. They were identified by a pair of reading glasses which he owned and that were buried with him. Oconostota's remains were re-interred at Chota in the portion raised by Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) (which includes the site of the council house). A gravestone marks the site.
EARLY CHEROKEE HISTORY by Margaret Timbs
Our program committee felt that a brief introduction to Cherokee History would be helpful since we are meeting on the Cherokee Indian Reservation.
My Cherokee interest was kindled after reading three books on Nancy Ward, the Cherokee Princess and Beloved Woman. I continued my research on her and wrote an article for both the Graham County Heritage and the Carter County History Books.
This presentation came about because the speaker I contacted was not available for the meeting and his fee was $100. I am going to present some facts which I have learned through my research.
The name Cherokee probably comes from the word cheria, meaning fire, or Red Fire Men. (Phillips p. 12) Their emblem of bravery was red. They believed bravery came from the east where the sun rose. (Woodwards p. 21) The name might have meant children of the sun or brave men. In 1775, Dragging Canoe, son of Attakullakulla a famous Cherokee, referred to the Cherokee's as Ani-yun-wiya which means real or principal people (Alterman p. 38)
Thousands of years ago the Cherokees probably were part of the Iroquois family of the Great Lake Region. About three to four thousand years ago the Cherokees separated from the Iroquois and moved to the southern Appalachian region. (Phillips p. 12, Woodward p. 21)
The Cherokees were the largest tribe in the southeast when DeSota visited western NC for four days (May, 1540). (Phillips p. 12, Satz 11) They were lead by a Indian Princess of another southern tribe, who escaped on Cherokee land in western NC DeSota used Tamemes, Indian Slaves, to carry the supplies. (Woodward p. 23-24)
The Clan System is an important part of the Cherokee Culture. A person could not marry a person of the same clan, and their children couldn't marry into either of their parent's clan. The husband took his wife's last name and lived with her clan. The maternal uncle had the task of raising his nieces and nephews. When a husband died, his widow could marry quicker within her husband's clan. If she wanted to marry into another clan, unless her husband's clan gave permission, she might possible have to wait up to four years. The husband was only required a short time for mourning. (Satz p. 19-20)
There are seven clans, with the Wolf being the most important, with Oconostota, Attakukulla, Tame Doe and her daughter, Nancy Ward belonging to it. The six other clans are: Deer, Bird, Paint, Wild Potato, Blue and Long Hair. (Alterman p. 5)
I started trying to decide how everyone was related, "Old Hop", Moytoy, Oconostota, Attakullakulla and Tame Doe who was the mother of Nancy Ward. Different authors gave various relationships, and here is a little of what I found out.
Pat Alterman gave the following. Nancy Ward was the daughter of Tame Doe who was a niece of Old Hop called "The Cherokee Emperor." Attakullakulla was a brother to Tame Doe and Willenawah, who signed the Watauga Land Purchase who also attacked Fort Loudon. Oconostota had a brother Kitagista, nicknamed " The Prince" who was one of the seven princes who went to London. Old Abraham and the Ravan were nephews of Oconostota.
In 1730, Sir Alexander Cuming, Emissary for King George II of England, went to see Moytoy, a minor Chief of the Overhill Cherokees, to arrange for seven Cherokee princes to return with him to England. Cuming made Moytoy the Emperor of the Cherokees. Other authors thought Old Hop was the main chief. Cuming's and the Cherokees left Charles Town on the ship H.M.S. Fox in 1730, staying one year. A picture of this group is in the British Museum, names listed below. l. Ounaconoa, maybe Oconostota my guess, 2. Prince Skalilosken (or Kitagista), 3. Kollanna, 4. Oukah Ulah, 5. Tathtowe, 6. Clogoittah, 7. Ukwaneequa (Attakullakulla), (PICTURE ABOVE). (Alterman 9-10)
In 1895, E. Sterling King, a student at Carson Newman College a school in upper east Tennessee, visited the Cherokee Indian Reservation. He talked to the 100 year old plus granddaughter of Nancy Ward, who told him about her grandmother. He used her information in his book Wild Rose of the Cherokee which was published in 1895. She said that when Moytoy died, his elder brother, Oconostota took his place, another source says Moytoy's son took his place. Author Adams who uses Alternam, and King as her sources says that Oconostota, Attakullakulla and Tame Doe were all children of Moytoy.
From the book, The Cherokee Frontier the following is given: Moytoy was killed in battle in 1741 and his 13 year son, Ammonscossittee, took his place, Raven of Hiwassee was appointed as his advisor, by the "Carolina" or "Whites" . Old Hops supporters and Moytoy's struggled for control for several years. When this struggle was settled, the power was divided between two chiefs. Oconostota became Red or War Chief, most powerful, and died at Chota between 1782/85. Attakullakulla, became White or Peace Chief died 1778/81, both over 80 when they died. (Satz p. 60)
An Englishman Henry Timberlake visited and lived with the Cherokees for several years, and left several descendants there. His book Memoirs of Timberlake published in , states. "The Emperor of the Cherokees, commonly called by the English as "Old Hop", or Connicqtouge. An earlier chief, "Canacaught", was mentioned as early as 1684. Others thought this was Oconostota, but this was incorrect.
Emmert Starr, a Cherokee Doctor, historian, and descendant of Nancy Ward through Cabel Starr, said Oconostota and Attakullakulla went to London. Starr wrote a book, History of the Cherokee Indians. In Cherokee Oconostota means ground sausage and Attakukulla means leaning stick.
Now you should be as confused as I was but, here is my guess. In 1730 when Cumings visited he made Moytoy chief, and as long as Moytoy lived the other Cherokees supported Moytoy, but the support was later split. I still don't now how they were related, but they were all members of the Wolf Clan.
NOW FOR THE REST OF THE STORY.
The Peace Treaty of 1763, which ended the French and Indian War, was signed in Augusta, GA. The Cherokees supported the British during the war and were one of the five southern Indian Tribes to sign over a large track of land to the British. (Phillips p. 20) . In October, as a consolation to the Cherokee's the British forbade the white man to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
During the French and Indian War, from 1754 to 1763, Oconostota sided with the French, for three reasons. 1. Around 1736 a French Jesuit Priest, Christian Priber, came to the Cherokee Territory to convert the Indians to the French Side by dressing and adjusting to their ways. 2. He told Oconosota that the English caused the Smallpox Epidemic of 1738-1739 that wiped out half of the Cherokee Nation. Oconostota and his nephew, Dragging Canoe had it were pockmarked. (Woodward p. 8, Alterman p. 13) 3. Oconostota was a prisoner of the English.
Attakullakulla always sided with the English and was nicknamed Little Carpenter, because he was good at putting the pieces together for peace. ( Woodward p. 83) The Indians and the Settlers met in March, 1775 at Sycamore Shoals on the Watauga, present day Elizabethton. Attakukulla influenced the other chiefs to sign the Tranysylvania Land Agreement, which enabled the settlers to buy Cherokee land between middle Tennessee and Kentucky. The Ravan of Chota who was jealous of Dragging Canoe's power, advised Oconostota to sign it.
Dragging Canoe 1732-1792, son of Attakullakulla, refused to sign it and made his famous speech. "The old chiefs have giving you good lands, but to keep them will not be easy. It will be a dark and bloody ground". (Alterman p. 37-38) Dragging Canoe, played a major role in the early history of east Tennessee and western North Carolina. One day Dragging Canoe wanted to go with the other Cherokee warriors, but the elders felt he was not old enough. He was told that if he could carry his canoe, he would be able to go. He was able to carry his canoe even if he did drag it. He was given the name Tsi yu Gansii ni, which in English means " he is dragging the canoe", thus the name Dragging Canoe.
War between the Cherokees and the settlers might not have occurred if a delegation of Shawnee, Delaware, Mohawks, Iroquois and other tribes had not been headed by Cornstalk, a noted Shawnee Warrior. Oconostota and Attakullakulla refused the War Belt. Nancy Ward wasn't happy to see them, because she wanted peace, but she prepared the Black Drink anyway. It was the Indian Custom for the Ghi gau, Nancy Ward, to prepare the black drink, which was to purify the warriors for battle. Nancy was a friend to both and knew that blood shed was not the solution. Nancy was given the title "Beloved Woman" after the battle between the Creeks and the Cherokees. Nancy Ward sent a warning to the East Tennessee settlements with three Cherokee Prisoners she let escape, Isaac Thomas, Williams, and William Fawling. (Woodward p. 91-92)
In July, 1776 Dragging Canoe attacked Long Island (Kings Port), where he was wounded in both thighs and was carried off on a litter. Abram or Abraham, attacked Fort Caswell also called Fort Watauga, and Ravan of Chota, attacked Carter's Valley. They did little damage because of Nancy's warning. Dragging Canoe established a new branch of Cherokees called Chickamauga Indians.
Old Tassel assumed the responsibility of the Cherokee Nation after the death of Oconostota and Attakullakulla. He had hoped to voice the grievances of the Cherokees, to President George Washington and the great men of the 13 states at the Treaty of the Hopewell, November 28, 1785. (Woodward p. 104-105)
Old Tassel, Hanging Maw, Abraham and his son were murdered under a flag of truce by Franklinites in June, 1788. This was blamed on John Sevier, since he was Governor of the State of Franklin. This angered Governor Johnson of North Carolina, who called for John Sevier's arrest. Sevier was arrested, but was never arraigned, and let off. (Woodward 109)
On July 2, 1791 the Treaty of the Holston was held at Whites Fort, near Knoxville, TN. George Washington hoped this would solve the Cherokee and the settlers problem and encourage the Cherokees to become more domestic and peaceful. (Satz p. 69)
In 1797 the future king of France, Prince Louis, Duke of Orleans visited the Cherokee country with his two brothers. It was told that Louis was given the honor of sleeping in the chiefs tent between the chiefs grandmother and great aunt. (Woodward p. 39)
The Cherokee decided to live peacefully with the white man and adopted their ways, and to learn to read and write their language. In 1804 Gideon Blackburn, Presbyterian Minister in the Maryville, Tennessee School, started a Mission School, to teach the Indian children to read and write. This created a desire to record their own language, that Sequoyah would later create, even tho he never learned the English language. A year later John Sevier visited the school and was so impressed he cried tears of joy. Earlier Sevier had considered Cherokee children, "nits that made lice" and when they raided their villages his men were encouraged to kill the children along with their elders. (Woodward p. 123-125, Satz p. 74)
An Important Cherokee was SEQUOYAH whose Indian name meant talking leaves, but his English name was George Gist. He probably was the son of Nathaniel Gist a Virginia "Blue Blood" and a Cherokee maiden. He was considered an outcast by both groups, until after he developed the Cherokee Alphabet. He was born about 1760. He fought at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in AL, where he might have been wounded, because he was lame later in life. Since he was a silversmith, he wanted to put his Indian name on his products. This would develope a desire for him want to create the Cherokee Alphabet, so he could write it. In 1821 he returned to North Carolina from Oklahoma with the 86 letter alphabet that contained English, Greek, and Hebrew letters. In 1828 Elias Boudinot, Cherokee of mixed blood, published a bilingual newspaper, in Cherokee and English. ( Woodward and Satz ) The computer industry used his idea of the alphabet in their chips. (Dr. Abraham)
Another important Cherokee was JUNALUSKA. He was born near Franklin, NC on the Little Tennessee River, and was always a friend to the white man. He was also a friend to Will Thomas, who was part Cherokee, both later became Chiefs. During the War of 1812 with England, many Cherokees, whose nicknamed was "Red Sticks", fought on the American side with Andrew Jackson and William Blount at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in March 1814. Without the Cherokee Indians, Jackson probably would have lost. Junaluska saved Jackson's life when a Creek Indian was about to kill him, but later said he shouldn't have saved Jackson's life. When Jackson was President, Junaluska thought Jackson would help him and the Cherokee Nation, but did not. Junaluska went with the 17,000 Cherokees on the tragic removal of the Cherokees to the Oklahoma Territory, which was over 1200 miles. This was called Trail of Tears (October, 1838 to March, 1839), because over one third died on the way. In 1842 since most of his family died on the March, he decided to return walk back to North Carolina. He was old and wanted to die in his native land. He died, November 20, 1858, and is buried with his wife Nicie in Robbinsville, NC on land given to him after the war. The D.A.R. maintaines his memorial. (Phillips)
I saved the best for last, NANCY WARD was born in Chota around 1738 which was located in the North Georgia Mountains. All three sources agree she was the daughter of Tame Doe, but they disagree as to who her father was. Haywoods History of Tennessee, says she was a pure Cherokee. Pat Alterman says her father was a Delaware Indian.
The best and most interesting story comes from King and Adams, true or not it is interesting. Here it is. While Oconostota was in London in 1730, he met and married Lucy Ward, a lady-in-waiting to the Queen of England. She was the daughter of Edmund Ward. Her brother was Frances Ward and was the husband of Tame Doe. By coming to American and living on the Indian Reservation, Lucy had a chance to be near her brother and to teach the Cherokees her religion. Tame Doe and Lucy gave birth the same cold night, both having daughters. Lucy's died, Tame Doe, Attakullakulla and the mid wife didn't want to anger or hurt Oconostota's feeling, decided to say Tame Doe's baby died. Tame Doe became more than an aunt to her and taught her the Indian beliefs. Lucy taught her daughter to read and write the English language as well as the white man's religion which included caring for all people. This would pay off twice when she warned the settlers. Nancy found out Tame Doe was mother, when Bryant Ward asked for his niece's hand in marriage. Attakullakulla told her to ask her mother, Tame Doe.
During her early teen years, she married King Fisher, a member of the Deer Clan. Their first child, Catherine, was born about 1753 just about the time war started between the Cherokees and the Moskogee or Creek Indians. This was part of the French and Indian War, with the British supporting them and the French the Creek. Catherine later married Ellis Harlin, and they had many descendants.
Dahlonega, a town in the North Georgia Mountains, would be a place of victory and defeat for the Cherokees. In 1755, it was near there that the Battle of Taliwah between the Creeks and Cherokees occurred. It was the Indian custom for the wife to go with her husband on the warpath. Nancy would chew on the bullets, so that they would do more harm to their victims. During the battle, her husband was mortally wounded. Since she knew how to use a gun, she took her husband's place, thus rallying them on to victory. She was given the title Beloved Woman or Honored Woman. This would allow her to have a voice in Council Meetings and let her spare captive's lives. Nancy was pregnant when she left with her husband, and a son was born, called Little Fellow, later Five Killer. Nancy could free prisoners with the wave of a Swan's Wing.
The discover of gold in the 1830's in Dahlonega would cause the white man to want the land and force the Indians to move west on the Trail of Tears.
The Cherokees encouraged the British to build them a fort for their protection. Fort Loudon was finished between 1756 to 1757. The fort was south of Knoxville, TN on the Little Tennessee River. Tame Doe and Nancy visited the fort, taking food, pelts and skins for trade, which they continued to do so even after hostilities worsened between the whites and Indians. It was during one of these trips that Nancy met and fell in love with an Irishman, Bryant Ward, whose wife had died just before he came to America. Two Cherokees, Standing Turkey and Willenawah, brother of Little Carpenter, began the siege of the fort on March 1760, under the leadership of Oconostota. The purpose was to cut off their supplies. Authors King and Adams said that when a volunteer was asked to go to Virginia for help, Bryant Ward volunteered. He met Nancy and Tame Doe who were on their way to the fort to take food and supplies, sharing with him, then they continued on their way. The fort surrendered in September 7, 1760. Bryant was captured, and Nancy bargained for a race in order to spare his life. This 20 mile race initiated and instigated by the Cherokees, which specified he must reach his destination before the Cherokees recaptured him. Attakullakulla helped his niece condition Bryant so he would have the endurance to win. He won and gained his freedom. Bryant later married Nancy and they had two children. A son who was educated in Virginia. but later returned to his mother's people. A daughter, Elizabeth "Betsy" who married first Joseph Martin, an Indian Agent. They lived in the Long Island of the Holston (Kingsport), Betsy married second a Hughes man from North Carolina who was trader, of goods.
On June 12, 1793 a bunch of whites under John Beard killed several Indians and wounding many others including Hanging Maw, his wife and Nancy's daughter, Elizabeth.
During the July 1776 at the Battle on Fort Watauga, the Cherokees captured Mrs. Lydia Bean and young Samuel Moore, who was burned at the stake. Nancy saved Lydia from being burned at the stake and look her back to Chota, a place of sanctuary. Nancy asked Lydia to teach her how to make cheese and butter from her cows. Nancy's brother, Long Fellow and son, Little Fellow, took her back to the fort when it was safe.
Nancy's step son, Jack Ward came to America. He married a Cherokee and they raised a family in the Indian territory.
Nancy saved the Colonies against British defeat. If she had not warned the East TN settlers, a lot of men, women and children would have been killed. There would not have been enough men to go to the Battle of King's Mountain on September 30, 1780, and Ferguson wouldn't have been defeated. Ferguson would have been able to join Cornwallis, and Washington would not have defeated Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781. This battle helped the colonies win the battle in three ways. 1. It was a moral victory, the colonies had not won a battle for a while. 2. It bought more French support of men and money. 3. It kept the two British Generals separated, keeping Cornwallis in the south.
When the British had learned the Overmountain Men had left to find Ferguson, they encouraged the Indians to attack the unprotected settlements, since most of the men were gone. The Indians had planned to attack, but two things keep them from being successful. First, the battle was over and the men were back before the Indians could get organized. Secondly, Nancy again knew the problem needed to be handled peacefully, so she warned the settlers of the attack.
John Sevier and the others left and defeated the Indians at Boyd's Creek in present day Sevier County, TN in mid December of 1780.
On July 27, 1781, Nancy again stressed peace between the whites and Indians. The two groups met at Long Island, present day Kingsport, to work on a treaty. She took her deceased Uncle Attakullukulla's place working for peace.
In May, 1817, Nancy sent her last message to the Cherokee Council by her son, Five Killer. Approximately 15 western Cherokee Chiefs had signed over by proxy eastern Cherokee land. Nancy and John Ross didn't think this was legal, but it later proved to be so.
In her later years she ran the profitable Womankiller Inn near Benton, TN. Nancy died there in 1824. She is buried there with her brother Long Fellow and son, Five Killer.
Chief Ostenaco was born in 1703 to a Hiwasee Cherokee family in present day Polk County in East Tennessee. As a young boy living in, Great Hawassee, an Overhill Cherokee town in the Appalachian Mountains he quickly learned the arts of warfare, and soon earned the honored title of “Outacite” or “Mankiller.”
Ostenaco also realized the importance of trade. The Cherokee people relied on European goods such as clothing and gunpowder. So when traders began to leave the area around 1751 because of attacks by hostile Indians, Ostenaco and a force of 47 warriors began patrolling routes and protecting traders.
Ostenaco was very influential in persuading many Cherokee villages to eventually side with the British during the war. He successfully led attacks against the French, earning more respect and praise from the British. However, after a bothched joint mission in which the Cherokee were captured and taken prisoner, relations between the Cherokee and English became so bad that an ambassador, Lt. Timberlake was sent to negotiate. Timberlake and Ostenaco became friends which ultimately led to Ostenaco visiting London.
- ↑ https://archive.org/stream/tennesseehistori07dewi_0/tennesseehistori07dewi_0_djvu.txt
- ↑ http://www.diplom.org/manus/tree/?person=MMMFMFFMMFMF<ref> ====Marriages and Children==== MOTHER: Aganunitsi, was one of the daughters of Chief Amatoya Moytoy (b. about 1640) and Quatsy of Tellico.She was an elder sister of Chief Old Hop. FATHER: Moytoy Pigeon of Tellico (Moytoy II), also known as Smallpox Conjuror of Settico SIBLINGS: One of eleven children. Kittagusta aka Prince Skalilosken (who went to London with Attakullakulla). Also spelled Kitegiska. Chief Outacite aka Skiagusta Savanukah, the Raven of Chote, son of a Shawnee brave. OTHER RELATIVES: Oconostota was a cousin of Attacullaculla through his aunt, Nancy Moytoy. 1st WIFE: Creek Woman, also known as Aniwaya Woman of the Paint Clan. She was 1/2 Shawnee, born about 1704. They married about 1720. CHILDREN WITH 1ST WIFE: Nionne Ollie, of the Paint Clan. Born about 1720. Ollie married Attakullakulla and they were the parents of Dutsi Tarchee aka Dutch born about 1740. Dutch was the father of Major Ridge and Oowatie. Oowatie, born about 1773, married Susanna Reese. Wollenawoa Daughter (name unknown) born about 1730, married THE BARK, born about 1750 The TERRAPIN, born about 1736, died sometime after 1796. 2nd WIFE: Quatsis, Shawnee. They married about 1736. CHILDREN WITH WIFE #2: Adopted father of Daughter of Quatsis (name unknown), 1/2 Shawnee-Cherokee 3rd WIFE: Lucy Ward, a former lady-in-waiting to the Queen of England whom he had met in 1730. They married about 1737. She was adopted by the Cherokee. She died in 1758, shortly after childbirth. CHILDREN WITH WIFE #3: Lucy Ward II Ollie Jennie 4th WIFE: Ooloosta I CHILDREN WITH WIFE #4: Ooloosta II Chief Tekahmih Oconostota was only married to one wife at a time. After each wife died, he married another. BAND / CLAN AFFILIATIONS: Moytoy II band. Clan unknown, probably Wolf. SIGNIFICANT POSITIONS: War Chief of the Cherokee Nation from 1775 to 1780. MISCELLANEOUS HISTORY: Oconostota was 1/2 Shawnee, but was raised and lived in his mother's Cherokee culture. Oconostota is believed to be the Native American on the central emblem of the flag of Nashville, Tennessee. From Wikipedia: "Standing Turkey — also known as Cunne Shote or Kunagadoga — succeeded his uncle, Kanagatucko, or Old Hop, as First Beloved Man of the Cherokee upon the latter's death in 1760. Pro-French like his uncle, he steered the Cherokee into war with the British colonies of South Carolina and Virginia in the aftermath of the murders of several Cherokee leaders held hostage at Fort Prince George at the edge of the Lower Towns of the Cherokee in what is now western South Carolina. He held office until the end of the Anglo-Cherokee War in 1761, when he was deposed in favor of Attakullakulla. He was one of three Cherokee leaders to go with Henry Timberlake to London in 1762-1763, the others being Ostenaco and Pidgeon. In 1782, he was one of a party of Cherokee which joined the Lenape, Shawnee, and Chickasaw in a diplomatic visit to the Spanish at Fort St. Louis in the Missouri country in seeking a new avenue of obtaining arms and other assistance in the prosecution of their ongoing conflict with the Americans in the Ohio Valley. The group of Cherokee by Standing Turkey sought and received permission to settle in Spanish Louisiana, in the region of the White River. Went to London in 1762-1763 and signed Royal Proclamation" Also, Doublehead Last Chickamauga Cherokee Chief By Rickey Butch Walker Oconastota was born in 1710. Oconastota is the child of [[Tellico Moytoy-1|Pigeon of Tellico Tellico Moytoy]] and [[Moytoy-34|Anigategewi Moytoy]]. <ref>First-hand information as remembered by [[Boyd-3539 | Jessica Boyd]], Thursday, February 6, 2014. ''Replace this citation if there is another source.''</li> <li id="_note-2">[[#_ref-2|↑]] Litton, Gaston L. "The Principal Chiefs of the Cherokee Nation", Chronicles of Oklahoma 15:3 (September 1937) 253-270. (accessed August 28, 2006) Mooney, James. Myths of the Cherokee, (1900, reprint 1995) Kelly, James C. "Oconostota", Journal of Cherokee Studies 3:4 (Fall 1978), 221-238</li> <li id="_note-3">[[#_ref-3|↑]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oconostota WikiPedia]</li> <li id="_note-4">[[#_ref-4|↑]] Litton, Gaston L. "The Principal Chiefs of the Cherokee Nation", Chronicles of Oklahoma 15:3 (September 1937) 253-270. (accessed August 28, 2006) Mooney, James. Myths of the Cherokee, (1900, reprint 1995) Kelly, James C. "Oconostota", Journal of Cherokee Studies 3:4 (Fall 1978), 221-238</li> <li id="_note-5">[[#_ref-5|↑]] Litton, Gaston L. "The Principal Chiefs of the Cherokee Nation", Chronicles of Oklahoma 15:3 (September 1937) 253-270. (accessed August 28, 2006) Mooney, James. Myths of the Cherokee, (1900, reprint 1995) Kelly, James C. "Oconostota", Journal of Cherokee Studies 3:4 (Fall 1978), 221-238</li> <li id="_note-6">[[#_ref-6|↑]] This is a Cherokee Story, taken from King's book.</li></ol></ref>
- Source: S11486023 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by A Page: Ancestry Family Tree Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=57659407&pid=313
- Evans, E. Raymond (1976), Notable Persons in Cherokee History: Ostenaco, Journal of Cherokee Studies (Cherokee: Museum of the Cherokee Indian) 1 (1): 41–54
- Timberlake, Henry; Williams, Samuel, eds. (1948), Memoirs, 1756–1765, Marietta, Georgia: Continental Book Co.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Oconostota by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:
- William Carpenter : Y-Chromosome Test 74 markers, haplogroup R1a1a1b1a, Ysearch HYZBT
- John R Carpenter : Family Tree DNA Y-DNA Test 111 markers, haplogroup R-Z282, Ysearch HYZBT, FTDNA kit #5734
- Martin Tracy : Family Tree DNA Y-DNA Test 37 markers, haplogroup R1b1b2a1a2d, Ysearch SAH73, FTDNA kit #N39431
- Clark Carpenter : Family Tree DNA Y-DNA Test 37 markers, haplogroup R-M198, FTDNA kit #466152
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On 11 May 2016 at 13:37 GMT Michelle McQueen wrote:
On 10 May 2016 at 14:43 GMT Michelle McQueen wrote:
On 6 May 2016 at 03:01 GMT Michelle McQueen wrote:
On 6 May 2016 at 03:00 GMT Michelle McQueen wrote:
On 10 Apr 2016 at 17:14 GMT Michelle McQueen wrote:
On 25 Feb 2016 at 22:05 GMT Deb (Jackson) Stover wrote:
On 24 Jul 2015 at 20:51 GMT Paula J wrote:
On 24 Jul 2015 at 20:28 GMT Michelle McQueen wrote:
On 24 Jul 2015 at 17:28 GMT Paula J wrote:
Some things will need to be rewritten. If anything is changed that you want put back, please let me know.
On 24 Jun 2015 at 14:10 GMT K (Parks) F wrote:
Oconostota is 19 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 25 degrees from Bob Dylan, 20 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 21 degrees from Michael Phelps and 19 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth Realms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.