Joachim Murat

Joachim Murat (1767 - 1815)

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Joachim "Roi de Naples" Murat
Born in Labastide-Fortunière, Quercy, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Pizzo, Calabria, Regno di Napolimap
Profile last modified | Created 27 Sep 2014
This page has been accessed 432 times.

Categories: House of Murat | French Notables.

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Biography

Joachim Murat was a French military officer. He took part in the French revolutionary and Empire wars, including the campaigns of Italy and Egypt, and the battles of Marengo, Austerlitz, Iéna, Eylau, Moskowa and Leipzig. He was Maréchal d'Empire in 1804, Grand Duke of Cleves and Berg in December 1805, and King of Naples in 1808.

Joachim Murat was born on 25 March 1767 in Labastide-Fortunière (now Labastide-Murat, Lot, France). He was the youngest of 11 children of Pierre Murat-Jordy and Jeanne Loubières, innkeepers. His father was a also a local administrator, churchwarden and steward of the Talleyrand family.

Joachim was originally destined for the church and sent to seminary.

Going back to the army in 1791, he became General Bonaparte's aide-de-camp in 1893 and was made Brigadier on 10 May 1796.

After leading an active role in the coup d'état of 18 brumaire, putting Napoléon on the throne, he married Napoléon's sister Caroline on 18 January 1800. Joachim and Caroline Murat had four children:

  1. Achille, Prince Murat (1801-1847)
  2. Laetizia (1802-1859)
  3. Lucien, Prince Murat (1803-1878), ancestor of the current Murat family
  4. Louise (1805-1889).

On 2 May 1815, Murat was beaten by the Austrians at Tolentino. He fleed from Naples on 19 May and took refuge in Provence, before fleeing again to Corsica after Napoléon's defeat at Waterloo.

Hoping to reconquer Naples, Murat left Ajaccio on in September 1815 and reached Pizzo in Calabria on 8 October 1815. There, the hostile crowd captured him and he was locked in the local prison. Knowing that the result was already decided, Murat refused to attend his trial. He was executed by firing squad on 13 October 1815.

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DNA
No known carriers of Joachim's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 1
Joachim Murat Image 1
Joachim Murat Image 1

Collaboration

Joachim is 23 degrees from Rosa Parks, 21 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 7 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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