Harry Murray VC CMG DSO

Henry William Murray VC CMG DSO (1880 - 1966)

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LT COL Henry William (Harry) "Mad Harry" Murray VC CMG DSO
Born in Evandale, Tasmania, Australiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 13 Oct 1921 (to 11 Nov 1927) in Bollon, Queensland, Australiamap
Husband of — married 20 Nov 1927 in Auckland, New Zealandmap
Father of [private son (1930s - unknown)] and [private son (1930s - unknown)]
Died in Miles, Queensland, Australiamap
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Profile last modified 31 Aug 2019 | Created 15 Apr 2015 | Last significant change: 31 Aug 2019
15:47: EditBot WikiTree edited the Biography for Henry William Murray VC CMG DSO (1880-1966). (Renaming category: Repatriation General Hospital, Hollywood, Western Australia) [Thank EditBot for this]
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Biography

Harry Murray VC CMG DSO is an Anzac who served in World War One.

Lieutenant Colonel Henry (Mad Harry) Murray VC CMG DSO and Bar DCM.

Henry William "Harry" Murray, son of farmer, Edward Murray, and his wife Clarissa Littler, was born on 1st December 1880 presumably at his parents' home in Clairville, near Evandale, Tasmania, Australia.[1] Harry moved to Western Australia at the age of 19 or 20 where he worked as a mail courier on the goldfields. By 1914 he was employing timber-cutters for the railways in the south west of Western Australia.

Gallipoli 1915
Henry Murray enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) in Perth on 30th September 1914.[2] He was sent to Egypt in early February 1915. On 25th April 1915, Henry Murray with the 16th Battalion landed at Ari Burnu, Gallipoli.[3] He was promoted to Lance Corporal on 12th May.
LT COL Harry Murray VC CMG DSO was wounded in action at Gallipoli during The Great War.

Wounded by gunshot to his right knee, he was evacuated to Egypt on 13th May. Although the medical prsonnel wanted to evacuate him to Australia, Henry wanted to return to his men; getting his way he boarded a transport bound for Gallipoli. Once Henry Murray reached Gallipoli he was wounded again on the 8th July. He was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM).[4] In August he was firstly promoted to Sergeant, then commissioned as a Second Lieutenant and posted to the 13th Australian Infantry Battalion.[5]

After the Allied evacuation of Gallipoli in December and re-training in Egypt, Henry Murray, now a Captain, with the 13th Battalion was sent to Marseilles, France, and deployed to the Western Front. On the Western Front he defied the statistics, participating in each of his unit's major actions and surviving. On 13th July, the 13th Battalion was sent to Bailleul, and fought in the Battle of the Somme where he was twice more wounded.
LT COL Harry Murray VC CMG DSO was wounded in action at France during The Great War.

He was appointed Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) for his part in the battle at Mouquet Farm. After six weeks of recuperation, he returned to the battalion in France on 19th October 1916. On 4th January 1917, he was Mentioned in Despatches. He was awarded the Victoria Cross[6] when the battalion, Major Harry Murray commanding A Company, attacked the German position at Stormy Trench on 4-5th February 1917.[7]

London Gazette on 10th March 1917

War Office, 10th March, 1917

His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of the Victoria Cross to the undermentioned Officer and Non-Commissioned Officer: –Capt. Henry William Murray, D.S.O., Aus. infy. For most conspicuous bravery when in command of the right flank company in attack. He led his company to the assault with great skill and courage, and the position was quickly captured. Fighting of a very severe nature followed, and three heavy counter-attacks were beaten back, these successes being due to Captain Murray's wonderful work.

Throughout the night his company suffered heavy casualties through concentrated enemy shell fire, and on one occasion gave ground for a short way. This gallant officer rallied his command and saved the situation by sheer valour. He made his presence felt throughout the line, encouraging his men, heading bombing parties, leading bayonet charges, and carrying wounded to places of safety. His magnificent example inspired his men throughout.

In March 1918, Harry was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and given command of the 4th Machine Gun Battalion. He remained in this position until the end of the war. In April, during the attack on Bullecourt, he wwas awarded a bar to his Distinguished Service Order. In October 1918 he was awarded the French Croix de Guerre and in May 1919 was appointed Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG).[8]

Settling back into north Queensland life, he purchased a grazing property at Muckadilla and, on 13th October 1921 at 41 years of age, Harry wed estate agent Constance Cameron in Bollon, Queensland.[9] The marriage was an unhappy one and the two parted ways in 1925 when Harry left for New Zealand. On 11th November 1927, a decree nisi with Constance as the petitioner was granted on the grounds of desertion. Nine days later in Auckland, New Zealand, 20th November 1927, Harry married Ellen "Nellie" Cameron, Constance's niece.[10] The couple returned to Queensland in 1928 and purchased another grazing property, at Richmond. Harry and Nell had two children:

  • Douglas was born in 1930 and named after Lieutenant Colonel Douglas Grey Marks, Harry's commanding officer in the 13th Battalion from 1917 to 1918.
  • Clementine was born in 1934.
Harry Murray VC CMG DSO is a Military Veteran.
Served in the 2nd Australian Imperial Force 1941-1944
26th Aust. Infantry Battalion

Henry Murray, then the Australian Army's most highly decorated soldier, again volunteered for military service when the Second World War started. He scraped five years off his age (1880 birth to 1885) to aid being accepted. He was, after all, 59 years of age! He was appointed commanding officer of the 26th (Militia) Battalion, 11th Brigade; tasked with re-raising the battalion with its Headquarters in Hughenden and companies based in Julia Creek, Winton, and Longreach in central northern Queensland.[11] In August 1942, at the height of the Japanese invasion threat but with the 6th and 7th Divisions now available for Australia's northern defence, he was posted to the 23rd Battalion, Volunteer Defence Corps, as commanding officer. He retired from active duty on 8th February 1944.[12]

As a Victoria Cross recipient, Henry Murray was awarded both the King George VI Coronation Medal (1937) and Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal (1953).

On 6th January 1966, aged 85 years, Harry Murray and his wife were in a car accident where he suffered broken ribs. He died the following day due to shock and a weak heart.[13][14] Henry Murray was interred at Mount Thompson Crematorium with full military honours.[15]

Medals [16]

Victoria Cross

Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)

Distinguished Service Order (DSO) + Bar

Distinguished Conduct Medal

1914–15 Star

Victory Medal + MiD Oakleaf

British War Medal

King George VI Coronation Medal

Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal

Croix de guerre

War Medal, 1939–1945

Australian Service Medal 1939-1945

Sources

  1. Image of Henry William Murray Birth Record in the Morven district of Tasmania
  2. First World War embarkation rolls: Henry William Murray
  3. 16th Australian Infantry Battalion
  4. Trove Digitised Newspapers - The North Western Advocate and the Emu Bay Times Tue 8 May 1917 - Captain Henry William Murray an Heroic Tasmanian V.C- D.C.M and D.S.O
  5. 13th Australian Infantry Battalion
  6. Honours and Awards - Captain Henry William Murray - Victoria Cross
  7. Trove Digitised Newspapers - The Sydney Morning Herald - Mon 16 Jul 1917 Captain Henry William Murray V.C.
  8. Australian War Memorial: Lieutenant Colonel Henry William (Harry) Murray; accessed 17 Feb 2019
  9. Queensland Marriage Index #C2916/1921
  10. -New Zealand Marriage Index #1927/8847
  11. Australian War Memorial unit record: 26th Australian Infantry Battalion; accessed 17 Feb 2019
  12. Australian War Memorial nominal roll: QX48850 (Q30751) Lieutenant Colonel Henry William Murray; accessed 17 Feb 2019
  13. Queensland Death Index #C428/1966
  14. Artillery History - Australian Gunner Obituary resource - Lieutenant Colonel H.W.Murray, VC, CMG, DSO (TWICE), DCM. CROIX de GUERRERO (1884 – 2001)
  15. Family Search - Australia, Queensland Cemetery Records," database with images,Henry William Murray, 1966; citing Burial, Australia, private collection of Jim and Alison Rogers, Bargara; FHL microfilm 1,438,900
  16. Victoria Cross.org - Medal entitlement of Lieutenant Colonel Henry Murray,13th Bn, Australian Imperial Force

See also



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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Harry by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Harry:

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Images: 2
Henry & His Uncle Captain William Littler & Cousin Keith Adams
Henry & His Uncle Captain William Littler & Cousin Keith Adams

Harry Murray
Harry Murray

Collaboration

On 31 Jul 2017 at 09:46 GMT Anonymous Cassel wrote:

This is a Wonderful Australian Profile.




Harry is 25 degrees from Tanya Lowry, 24 degrees from Charles Tiffany and 18 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.