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Nikolaus Muth (abt. 1724)

Nikolaus Muth
Born about in Isenberg, Germanymap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married 1744 in Isenburg, Germanymap
Husband of — married before 1775 in Grimm, Saratov, Russiamap
Descendants descendants
Died [date unknown] in Grimm, Saratov, Russiamap
Profile last modified | Created 3 Aug 2016
This page has been accessed 547 times.


Volga German
Nikolaus Muth is a Volga German.
Nikolaus Muth has German Roots.

Family #39 in the 1767 Grimm census.

Family #117 in the 1775 Grimm census.

Family #114 in the 1798 Grimm census.

Nikolaus Muth was born about 1724 in the Isenburg area of what is now Germany. Born to a Lutheran family, he became a farmer. He married Charlotta on 10 January 1747 and the couple had two children, Alexander, born 1747, and Susanna born about 1748.

Nikolaus decided to immigrate to Russia, taking with him his wife and two children. They arrived in Russia on 10 August 1766 on the Russian Pink Vologda under the command of Lt. Sergey Bartenyev. [1] There were no Muths in the Volga German Transportation List, [2] so it's not clear if everyone survived the hard winter in Oranienbaum and journey to the Volga region. What is clear, however, is that by 1767, when Nikolaus was listed in the Grimm census, his wife Charlotta had not survived. He had remarried a woman named Elisabeth. Additionally, his only daughter is named Elisabeth, not Susanna, and is 21 years old, not 18 or 19. It's possible that her full name was Susanna Elisabeth, but her age was probably also in error. If she was 21 when she immigrated to Russia, she would have been 22 one year later after she settled in Grimm. If she was 17 in 1767, as the census suggests, she would have been 16 when she first immigrated to Russia. There is a chance that Nikolaus' daughter Susanna had married and was living in another family, and that Elisabeth in the 1767 census was actually his step-daughter, daughter of his wife Elisabeth. At this point, historically, census takers usually identified step-children and orphans, along with their birth names.

1767 Grimm Census [3]

Family # 39
Head of the HouseholdNikolaus Muth, age 44, Lutheran craftsman from Isenburg
Wife Elisabeth Muth, age 48
Child #1 Alexander Muth, age 20
Child #2 Elisabeth Muth, age 17

1775 Grimm Census [4]

Family # 117
Head of the Household Nikolaus Muc [Muth?], age 51
Wife Katharina Elisabeth Muth, age 56
Child #1 Alexander Mud [Muth?], age 24
Wife of Child #1 Katharina Muth
Grandchild Johann Adam Muth, age 1 year 6 months

1798 Grimm Census [5]

Family # 114
Head of the Household Katharina Mud [Muth?], age 44, widow of Alexander Mudd [sic]
Child #1 Johann Adam Muth, age 26
Wife of Child #1 Elisabeth Schäfer from Stefan, age 18
Child #2 Johann Georg Muth, age 24
Child #3 Nikolaus Muth, age 20, worker in Sarepta
Child #4 Johann Friedrich Muth, age 16
Father-in-Law Nikolaus Muth, age 77

In 1798, he was living with his son's family, even after the death of his son Alexander. His wife Second Elisabeth is not mentioned, so she had presumably already passed away.

Research Notes

Some records show he married Charlotta Kühnemann. The dates are in sync with the Nikolaus Muth of this profile, but this record shows that he and his first wife were Catholic. Grimm records show that he was Lutheran. It is possible that he embraced another denomination once in Russia, as at least one other Grimm family did, but that kind of thing happened with less frequency.


10 Jan 1747 • Hellstein, Main-Kinzig-Kreis, Hessen, Germany Gelnhausen Catholic Church Records - On January 10th Niclaus Müth, a musketeer with the Sovereign of Waldeck’s Regiment, legitimate son of the late Velten [Valentin] Muth, and Charlotta, legitimate daughter of Daniel Kühnemann from same place were married.

Charlotta Eleanora Kühnemann

Later on, in the birth record for one of their children, it shows he was baptized in the Lutheran church. He was the son of Nicolaus Muth and Charlotta Eleanora Kühnemann, so the record is for the same couple.

Name: Nicolaus Muth
Gender: männlich (Male)
Spouse: Charlotta Eleonora Muth
Child: Muth
City or District: Jesberg
Page Number: 88
Author: Evangelische Kirche Jesberg (Kr. Fritzlar)
Film Number: 865098

Maybe one of the couple was Catholic and the other was not?


  1. Pleve, Igor. List of Colonists to Russia in 1766, "Reports by Ivan Kulberg," Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation, Saratov State Technical University; Published in Saratov, Russia 2010; page 313.
  2. Transport of the Volga Germans from Oranienbaum to the Colonies on the Volga 1766-1767. Translated and edited by Brent Alan Mai; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1998.
  3. Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet 1764-1767, Band 2, Herausgegeben von Alfred Eisfeld under Mitarbeit von Sabine Eichwald, Published by the Nordost-Instsitut - 38085 Göttingen, 2005; page 78 family #39.
  4. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; family #117 in the 1775 census.
  5. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; family #114 in the 1798 census.

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Nikolaus by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Nikolaus:

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Categories: Grimm | German Roots