Filips Willem b. Buren,19 december 1554 -d. Brussel, 20 februari 1618, prins van Oranje, graaf van Nassau, graaf van Buren, was de oudste zoon van Willem van Oranje en zijn eerste echtgenote Anna van Egmont.
Filips Willem is deels vernoemd naar koning Filips II van Spanje, landsheer van de Nederlanden. Nadat Willem van Oranje in 1568, het begin van de Nederlandse Opstand, de wapenen had opgenomen tegen Filips II, werd zijn zoon Filips Willem, gevangen genomen en vanuit Leuven naar Spanje gevoerd. Filips Willem diende als gijzelaar in Spaanse handen en zou zijn vader nooit meer terug zien. Gedurende zijn lange verblijf in Spanje kreeg hij een katholieke opvoeding.
Bij de dood van zijn vader in 1584 erfde Filips Willem het vorstendom Oranje en het graafschap Buren. In 1596 mocht hij weer naar de Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden reizen, vaaf toen woonde Filips Willem in de Zuidelijke Nederlanden in het Paleis van Nassau te Brussel. Op verzoek van de Noordelijke Staten-Generaal hield hij zich niet bezig met politieke zaken. In 1599 werd hij ridder in de Orde van het Gulden Vlies.
Op 23 november 1606 trad hij in Fontainebleau in het huwelijk met Eleonora van BourbonCondé (1587-1619),een nicht van koning Hendrik IV van Frankrijk,en een dochter van Hendrik I van Bourbon-Condé. Het huwelijk bleef kinderloos.
Filips Willem overleed op 20 februari 1618 op 63-jarige leeftijd in Brussel, hij ligt begraven in de Sint-Sulpitiuskerk te Diest.
Philip William, Filips Willem in Dutch, was born on 19 December 1554 in Buren, Guelders, Seventeen Provinces. He was the first son of William the Silent and Anna van Egmont.
When his father William the Silent ignored Alva's summons to return to Brussels, remaining in Germany, Philip William, only a boy of 13, was studying at the University at Leuven in Brabant. He was seized in February 1568, and taken to Spain partly as a hostage, but especially to be raised as a good Catholic and loyal subject. He would never see his father again, and his mother had died in 1558.
In Spain he continued his studies at the university of Alcalá de Henares. He remained in Spain until 1596 when he returned to the southern Netherlands. His interests in the Dutch Republic were vigorously defended by his sister, Maria of Nassau, against his half-brother Maurice of Nassau who contested his brother's right to the barony and city of Breda.
In 1606 Philip William was recognized in the Republic as Lord of Breda and Steenbergen, and his right to appoint magistrates was acknowledged, provided he did so maintaining the "Union and the Republic's religion". He duly made his ceremonial entry into his town of Breda in July 1610 and from then until his death, regularly appointed the magistrates in his lordship. Though he restored Catholic services in the castle of Breda, he did not try to challenge the ascendancy of the Protestant-Calvinist Reformed Church in the city. He had a difference with the States-General in 1613, when they annulled his appointment of a Catholic drost. He had to cooperate with the military governor in Breda, his illegitimate half-brother Justinus van Nassau, staunchly loyal to the States-General
In 1606 in Fontainebleau, Philip William was married to Eleonora of Bourbon-Condé, daughter of Henry I,Prince de Condé, and cousin of King Henry IV of France, but he died in 1618 without any children. Therefore Maurice of Nassau could at last inherit the title Prince of Orange.
As Lord of Diest and a pious Catholic at the time of his death, Philip William of Orange commanded that the parish church of Saint Sulpice in the same city, should celebrate a yearly Requiem Mass for his soul. Diest is also the site of his burial in the Catholic Roman Rite. Diest is known as the "Orange City", and Philip William as "the Catholic prince of Orange", as his father in 1573 – leading the Dutch Revolt – had become a Calvinist Protestant instead of a Catholic as he had been before.
Thank you to Jenn Presutto for creating WikiTree profile Of Orange-6 through the import of Judith Chilton Family Tree.ged on Apr 22, 2013. Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Jenn and others.
William-381 was created by Niesha Johnson through the import of Family Tree.ged on Oct 12, 2014
Of Orange-10 was created by Niesha Johnson through the import of Family Tree.ged on Oct 12, 2014.