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Garcia Sánchez (Navarra) de Navarra (1016 - 1054)

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Garcia Sánchez (Garcia III) "Rey de Navarra" de Navarra formerly Navarra
Born in Navarre, Spainmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Battle of Atapuercamap
Profile last modified | Created 14 Jan 2012
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Biography

Name: Garcia III Sanchez /of NAVARRE/.Source: #S994
Name: Garcia Sanchez Iii /"KING OF NAVARRE"/[1][2]
Birth: 1016, Navarre, Spain[3]
Death: 01 SEP 1054, Navarre, Spain[4]

García Sánchez III, sometimes García III, IV, V, or VI (also García of Nájera, from Spanish: García el de Nájera, 1016-1054), was king of Navarre from 1035 to 1054. He was the eldest legitimate son and heir of Sancho the Great, born November 1016, and he succeeded his father to the crown of Navarre. He not only received the patrimony of his family, he was given a seniority amongst his brothers, a sort of "High Kingship". However, his father divided his many conquests among García's brothers: Ramiro, the eldest but illegitimate son, received the petty kingdom of Aragón; Ferdinand, the second eldest legitimate son, received Castile (which his father received through marriage to his mother); and his youngest surviving son (legitimate), Gonzalo, received the kingdoms of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza.

In 1037, Ferdinand requested García's aid against his brother-in-law, Bermudo III of León, in battle near Pisuerga. The two brothers defeated Bermudo, who died in battle, the final descendant of Pedro de Cantabria, and Ferdinand succeeded in León.

By aiding Ferdinand, García received his brother's favour and, in a repartition of Castile, he expanded Navarre to the bay of Santander and incorporating the entire Basque Country.

Soon he was confronted by his brother Ramiro at Tafalla (1043) and defeated him.

He was one of the Christian kings to profit greatly from the weakened taifa kingdoms inhabiting the "vacuum" that was the Caliphate of Córdoba. In 1045, he conquered Calahorra.

Relations eventually soured with Ferdinand and war broke out between the fraternal kingdoms, García dying in the Battle of Atapuerca, 15 September, 1054. His nickname comes from his foundation of the monastery of Santa María la Real in Nájera.

He was married, in 1038, to Estefanía, daughter of Ramon Borrell, Count of Barcelona, an hereditary count of Barcelona (her dowry was the Cameros), and they produced nine children (four sons, five daughters):

Sancho "El de Peñalén", king of Navarre, married Placencia
Ramiro (d.1083), lord of Calahorra, married Teresa
Ferdinand, lord of Bucesta, married Nuña de Vizcaya
Raymond the Fraticide (Ramón el Fratricida), lord of Murillo and Cameros
Ermesinda, married Fortún Sánchez de Yarnoz
Mayor, married Guy II of Masón.
Urraca (d.1108), married García Ordóñez
Jimena
Mencia (d.1106), married Lope de Nájera
He also had illegitimate sons:

Sancho, lord of Uncastillo and Sangüesa, married Constanza, grandfather of García Ramírez, king of Navarre

After García's death, Estefanía is said to have remarried to Roger de Tosny, a Norman adventurer. Estefanía may have been a widow at the time of her marriage to García. A traditional poem tells of the marriage of an illegitimate son of García (presumed to be Sancho) to his step-sister, a daughter of Estefanía by a former husband.


Sources

  1. Source: #S1 Record for Sancho Garces
  2. Source: #S1 Record for Garcia Sanchez III "King of Navarre"
  3. Source: #S1 Record for Sancho Garces. Record for Garcia Sanchez III "King of Navarre"
  4. Source: #S1 Record for Sancho Garces. Record for Garcia Sanchez III "King of Navarre"

Acknowldgement

  • WikiTree profile UNKNOWN-107882 created through the import of Ancestor's that we lost, the Decendants they left behind_2011-08-28_01 (2).ged on Sep 12, 2011 by Willette Bryant.
  • This person was created through the import of Acrossthepond.ged on 21 February 2011.


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DNA
No known carriers of Garcia III's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Collaboration

On 2 Oct 2015 at 14:22 GMT Robert Wood wrote:

the battle of Atapuerca was fought on Sept. 1, 1054, not Dec 12, 1054, per all the history I've found.



Garcia III is 33 degrees from Sharon Caldwell, 29 degrees from Burl Ives and 22 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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