Germaine (Necker) de Staël
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Anne-Louise Germaine (Necker) de Staël (1766 - 1817)

Anne-Louise Germaine (Germaine) de Staël formerly Necker aka de Stael-Holstein
Born in Paris, Île-de-France, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married 21 Jan 1786 in Paris, Île-de-France, Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died in Paris, Seine, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 30 Dec 2017
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Notables Project
Germaine (Necker) de Staël is Notable.

Anne-Louise Germaine de Staël-Holstein, née Necker, was a French novelist, . A supporter of the French Revolution and its ideals in 1789, she became critical as early as 1791 and was in favor of the establishment of a constitutional monarchy. She had to seek refuge in Switzerland on several occasions. After the Coup of 18 Brumaire (1799) she became a strong opponent of Napoléon Bonaparte and was exiled from Paris, and later from France. She had a long-term relationship with Benjamin Constant: they were one of the most celebrated intellectual couples of their time. Her most notable works are Delphine (1802), Corinne (1807), and De l'Allemagne (1813).

Anne-Louise Germaine Necker was born in Paris. She was the daughter of Jacques Necker, a banker, who was the Director-General of Finance under King Louis XVI of France, and Suzanne Curchod[1]. Her parents were both Protestants from Switzerland.

Germaine married Eric Magnus, baron de Staël de Holstein, extraordinary ambassador of Sweden at the French court, on 14 January 1786 in Paris.[1] The couple had the following children:

  1. Gustavine (July 1787-7 April 1789)[2].
  2. Auguste, born 31 August 1790 in Paris[3], mort en 1827
  3. Albert, born 1792 at Rolle, in the canton of Vaud[4], killed in a duel on 12 July 1813 at Doberan (Germany)[5].
  4. Albertine, married Victor, duc de Broglie on 20 February 1816 at Pisa.[6]

She had a second marriage to Albert-Jean-Michel de Rocca, who was 20 years her junior. He died in 1818, listed as the widower of Anne Germaine Louise Necker.[7]

Germaine de Staël died on 14 July 1817 in Paris. Her last address was at 9, rue Neuve des Mathurins.[8]



  1. Gustavine (juillet 1787-7 avril 1789).[2]
  2. Auguste, né le 31 août 1790 à Paris[9], mort en 1827
  3. Albert, né en 1792 à Rolle, dans le canton de Vaud[10], tué en duel le 12 juillet 1813 à Doberan (Allemagne)[11].
  4. Albertine mariée le 20 février 1816 à Pise avec Victor, duc de Broglie[12]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Acte de mariage: "France, registres protestants, 1536-1897," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 8 August 2015), France > Paris: Ambassade de Suède > Mariages, 1764-1806 > image 124 of 360; Societe de L'histoire du Protestantisme Francais (Society of the history of French Protestantism), Paris.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Bibliographie de la critique sur Madame de Staël: 1789-1994, par Pierre H. Dubé, 1998. Page 29
  3. Dubé, p. 30
  4. Dubé, p. 30
  5. Dubé, p. 34
  6. Dubé, p. 35
  7. Acte de décès: Acte 23, Décès 1818 Hyères, Archives du Var cote 7 E 73/15 vue 376
  8. Paris, France. Période : 1807 - 1937. Dépouillement partiel des déclarations de succession (DQ8/DQ7). Année 1817 Bureau 8 Cote / Source 460. Relevés Collaboratifs, Généanet.
  9. Dubé, p. 30
  10. Dubé, p. 30
  11. Dubé, p. 34
  12. Dubé, p. 35
  • Bibliographie de la critique sur Madame de Staël: 1789-1994, par Pierre H. Dubé, 1998. Chronologie, p. 28 Links Google Books, Janvier 2018
  • Germaine de Staël

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