Anne-Louise Germaine de Staël-Holstein, née Necker, was a French novelist, . A supporter of the French Revolution and its ideals in 1789, she became critical as early as 1791 and was in favor of the establishment of a constitutional monarchy. She had to seek refuge in Switzerland on several occasions. After the Coup of 18 Brumaire (1799) she became a strong opponent of Napoléon Bonaparte and was exiled from Paris, and later from France. She had a long-term relationship with Benjamin Constant: they were one of the most celebrated intellectual couples of their time. Her most notable works are Delphine (1802), Corinne (1807), and De l'Allemagne (1813).
Anne-Louise Germaine Necker was born in Paris. She was the daughter of Jacques Necker, a banker, who was the Director-General of Finance under King Louis XVI of France, and Suzanne Curchod. Her parents were both Protestants from Switzerland.
Germaine married Eric Magnus, baron de Staël de Holstein, extraordinary ambassador of Sweden at the French court, on 14 January 1786 in Paris. The couple had the following children: