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Aaron Newby (abt. 1794)

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Aaron Newby
Born about in South Carolina, United Statesmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Died [date unknown] [location unknown]
Profile manager: K Raymoure private message [send private message]
Profile last modified | Created 19 Jul 2018 | Last significant change: 8 Jan 2019
03:10: K Raymoure edited the Biography for Aaron Newby (abt.1794-). [Thank K for this]
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Categories: Activists and Reformers | Free Persons of Color in Connecticut | Abolitionists | Underground Railroad Conductors | Tanners | 1850 US Census, New London County, Connecticut | New London, Connecticut.

Activists and Reformers poster
Aaron Newby was a part of the Abolitionist Movement.
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Aaron was born a slave about 1794 in South Carolina. He was freed and later established a depot on the Underground Railroad with his wife.

He was the father of mariner, adventurer, missionary and Civil War veteran Reverend James R. Newby.


The Society of Friends sent Aaron to England to get his education. While in England, he was ordained a minister.[1]

Slavery and Freedom

In his son James' biography, Aaron's freedom was won when the woman who enslaved him brought him to the free state of Pennsylvania. While there, the Act of Emancipation for the Middle States passed, and his presence in that state made him free.


  • 1850: Tanner


  • 1850: New London, Connecticut with his wife and children

Underground Railroad

As soon as Aaron and Fanny were married, their house became a "depot" on the Underground Railroad.[2] Their house was furnished with a wardrobe with a false back for a one-person hiding place.[3]

Census Race

  • 1850: Black

Research Notes

In his son James' biography, it mentions that Aaron was a half-brother of Frederick Douglass.[4]


  1. Newby, pp. 2-3
  2. Newby, p. 3
  3. Newby, p. 17
  4. Newby, p. 2
  • 1850 United States Federal Census Year: 1850; Census Place: New London, New London, Connecticut; Roll: M432_49; Page: 108A; Image: 408
  • Newby, James R.; McHardie, Elizabeth; Allan, Andrew. The Prodigal Continent and Her Prodigal Son and Missionary: Or the Adventures, Conversion, and African Labours of the Rev. James R. Newby Digital Archival Text

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No known carriers of Aaron's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

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