Rollo (Normandie) of Normandy

Hrolf (Normandie) of Normandy (abt. 0842 - 0931)

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Hrolf (Rollo) "le Marcheur, the Walker, The Dane, Duke of Normandy" of Normandy formerly Normandie
Born about [location unknown]
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] in Disputedmap
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Rouen, Seine Inferieure, Normandie, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 13 Feb 2012
This page has been accessed 45,737 times.

Categories: Scandinavian Nobility (Viking Period) | European Aristocrats, Unsourced Profiles | House of Normandie.

European Aristocracy
Rollo (Normandie) of Normandy was a member of aristocracy in Europe.
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Rollo (Normandie) of Normandy is a member of the House of Normandie.

Contents

Disputed Parents

This profile has been edited with regard to parents in accordance with principles established by the European Aristocracy user group. Medieval genealogy is not an exact science, and digital collaborative genealogy must therefore occasionally make choices where old fashioned print scholarship did not have to. The parents (or lack of parents) of Rollo of Normandy were decided upon in consultation with primary sources especially as collected in the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy[1].

Since his various parentages are both disputed and fanciful, they have been removed and Rollo of Normandy is shown without parents.

Timeline

885 Siege of Paris

Hrolf was a minor leader in the Viking invasion of France, but after the rest of the Vikings withdrew, he continued harassing the French until he was bought off.

ABT 890: Invasion of Normandy

Invaded area that became the Duchy of Normandie.


AUG 911: Battle of Chartres

Hrolf was narrowly defeated by Charles the Simple, leading to the Treaty of Sait Clair-sur-Epte.

SEP 911: Treaty of Saint Clair-sur-Epte

Charles the Simple ceded Neustria to Hrolf and establishes the Duchy of Normandie in exchange for Hrolf's agreement to defend France against further Norse invasion, conversion to Christianity

912: Baptized[2]

919: Remarriage to Poppa de Bayeaux - Renne, Normandie, Neustria

Legacy

Rollo is the great-great-great-grandfather of William the Conqueror.
The "Clameur de Haro" in the Channel Islands is, supposedly, an appeal to Rollo.


Duc de Normandie - 'Gonge Rolf' (The Ganger), a Norwegian Viking settled at mouth of Seine. He was founder of the House of Normandy and England, 1st Duke of Normandy, 912. Charles made him Robert I Duke of Normandy to prevent him from attacking nearer to Paris, so in 912 he became the first Duc de Normandie and vassal of King.


From: The Pedigree and History of the Washington Family, by Albert Welles

1st Duke, leader Norman Pirates Rollo devastated Holland and appeared upon the Seine while Gottfried ravaged the valleys of to Meuse and Saheldt. They burned and sacked Cologne, Bonn, Treves, Metz and other cities, stabling their horses at Aix-La-Chapelle, in the Cathedral Church of Charlemagne. A 'Furore Normaunorum Libre nos Domine', came to be part of the Catholic litany. Hastings, at the head of a band of Northmen, sacked Bordeaux, Lisbon and Seville,; defeated the Moorish conquerors of Spain at Cordova; crossed the straits in Morocco; repassed them; overran Tuscany; returned to France, where other chieftains had had various success against Charles the Bald, and embraced Christianity. His name, the most dreaded of all the Vikings, was adopted by many successors. With safe winter quarters in Spain, they extended their ravages into Naples, Sicily and the coasts of the Greek Empire. Anarchy, meanwhile, prevailing in France, in the autumn of 885 they laid siege to Paris. After a year, the siege was into blockade, but finally Charles the Fat bought off the Northmen with 700 pounds of silver and a free passage to the Upper Seine and Burgundy.

The most redoubtable of the Northmen afterward was Hrolf, better known as Rollo, chieftan, of Norwegian parentage, first Duke of Normandy, and direct ancestor, in the sixth generation, of WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. In the words of Snorro Sturleson: "He was so mighty of a stature that there was no horse of strength and size to bear him. He was therefore always on foot, and was called the Marcher." He ravaged Friesland and the countries watered by Schieldt, and took Rouen, St Le Bayeux and Evreux. From Charles the Simple he accepted the hand of a daughter, together with a tract of Nuestrian territory north of the Seine, from Andalye to the sea [modern Normandy], in exchange for Christian baptism and an oath of fealty [912]. This stopped the Scandinavian flood which had devastated France for more than a century.

Rollo distributed among his followers the lands of Nuestria, to be held as the Duke of Normandy. Thus were laid the foundations for the feudal system which William the Conqueror transplanted into England [1066-1087]. Few external traces of the Scandinavians are to be found in modern Normandy. Yet for a time the Scandinavian gods divided with the Saviour the religious reverence of the people of that country. Monasteries and cathedrals were built, however, with what magnificence their splendor remains attest. The Normans adopted the language of the vanquished province, but greatly modified it. It was the langue d'oni [the language d'oc being south of the Loire], which became under Norman inspiration the peculiar medium of romantic poetry.

References
1.^ Sometimes his name is turned into the Frankish name Rodolf / Radulf > Raoul
2.^ Francois Neveux. A Brief History of The Normans. Constable and Robinson Ltd. 2006; p. 62
3.^ Roman de Rou, Wace
4.^ Holden, A.J. (1970). Le Roman de Rou de Wace. Paris: Éditions A.J. Picard. p.54. Lines 1147-1156

Note

Rolf, or Rollo (sometimes Hrolf), had a long career as a Viking, and raided in France and, it appears, Scotland and Ireland as well. In 911 Rollo entered France, probably up the Loire Valley and was defeated in a battle outside the walls of Chartres. The story goes that Charles the Simple granted Rolf lands in the valley of the lower Seine.
Douglas says "Whether this famous grant of land and recognition was made (as tradition later asserted) after a formal interview between Charles and Rolf at Saint-Clair-sur-Epte is questionable, and the application of the term "treaty" to these arrangements is undoubtedly too precise. What, however, is certain is that before 918 Rolf and his followers already held considerable lands in this region, and that they had been formally confirmed in possession of them by the emperor. Equally certain is that in token of the new position he was henceforth to occupy in Gaul, Rolf accepted baptism at the hands of the archbishop of Rouen."
As time went on Rolf enlarged these lands until they extended from the Orne to the Vire, and the Seine, which led to Paris, divided it.


Dudo of St. Quentin

Dudo was the PR man of his day. His pen is noted for its propaganda and pushing the Norman military agenda to secure the House's power. His works should be read with care since they'are considered "semi-imaginary." '[3][4][5]


Dudo of St. Quentin, in his De moribus et actis primorum Normannorum ducum (Latin), tells of a powerful Danish nobleman at loggerheads with the king of Denmark, who had two sons, Gurim and Rollo; upon his death, Rollo was expelled and Gurim killed. William of Jumièges also mentions Rollo's prehistory in his Gesta Normannorum Ducum , but states that he was from the Danish town of Fakse. Wace, writing some 300 years after the event in his Roman de Rou, also mentions the two brothers (as Rou and Garin), as does the Orkneyinga Saga .

(Do the Latin accounts name parents? The Orkneyinga Saga actually has him as Hrolf, son of Rognvald Eysteinsson & Ragnhilda Hrolfsdatter, with brothers Ivar and Thorir. Clark-17334 13:36, 14 June 2014 (EDT))
THE ORKNEYINGERS’ SAGA: "Heiti, Gorr’s son, was father of Sveiði the sea-king, the father of Halfdan the old, the father of Ivar the Uplanders’ earl, the father of Eystein the noisy, the father of earl Rognvald the mighty and the wise in council. (6) Earl Rognvald joined Harold fair-hair when he seized the land, but he (Harold) gave him lordship over both the Mæren and Romsdale; (7) he had to wife Ragnhilda the daughter of Hrolf nosy; their son was Hrolf who won Normandy, he was so tall that horses could not carry him; for that he was called Ganging-Hrolf; from him are come the Rouen Jarls and the English Kings; their son was also Ivar, and Thorir the silent.[6]
(This source seems unreliable, as it has Wace wrong, as well. Unless a major section was lost in translation, Wace only briefly mentions the Rollo tale in his Prologue, stating that he had told the tale in the past.Clark-17334 17:59, 14 June 2014 (EDT))
ROMAN DE ROU: In honour of the second Henry, of the line of Roul, I have told the tale of Roul, of his noble parentage, of Normandy that he conquered, and the prowess that he showed. I have recounted the history of William Longe-espee, till the Flemings killed him by felony and treason; of Richard his son, whom he left a child;.[7]

Norwegian and Icelandic historians identified this Rollo with a son of Rognvald Eysteinsson, Earl of Møre, in Western Norway, based on medieval Norwegian and Icelandic sagas that mention a Ganger Hrolf (Hrolf, the Walker). The oldest source of this version is the Latin Historia Norvegiae, written in Norway at the end of the 12th century. This Hrolf fell foul of the Norwegian king Harald Fairhair, and became a Jarl in Normandy.

The nickname of that character came from being so big that no horse could carry him.

The question of Rollo's Danish or Norwegian origins was a matter of heated dispute between Norwegian and Danish historians of the 19th and early 20th century, particularly in the run-up to Normandy's 1000-year-anniversary in 1911

In 911 Rollo's forces were defeated at the Battle of Chartres by the troops of King Charles the Simple. In the aftermath of the battle, rather than pay Rollo to leave, as customary, Charles the Simple decided to give Rollo the coastal lands they occupied under the condition that he defend against other raiding Vikings. In the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte (911) with King Charles, Rollo pledged feudal allegiance to the king, changed his name to the Frankish version, and converted to Christianity, probably with the baptismal name Robert.In return, King Charles granted Rollo the lower Seine area (today's upper Normandy) and the titular rulership of Normandy, centred around the city of Rouen.

Initially, Rollo stayed true to the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, but in time he began to divide land between the Epte and Risle rivers among his chieftains and settled there with a de facto capital in Rouen. With these settlements, Rollo began to further raid other Frankish lands, now from the security of a settled homeland, rather than a mobile fleet. Eventually, however, Rollo's men intermarried with the local women, and became more settled as Frenchmen. At the time of his death, Rollo's expansion of his territory had extended as far west as the Vire River.[1]


ALTERNATE DEATH: 0931-00-00

In addition to Hrólfr/Rollo and Turf-Einar, Rognvald had a third son called Hallad who then inherited the title. However, unable to constrain Danish raids on Orkney, he gave up the earldom and returned to Norway, which "everyone thought was a huge joke." The predations of the Danish pirates led to Rognvald flying into a rage and summoning his sons Thorir and Hrolluag. He predicted that Thorir's path would keep him in Norway and that Hrolluag was destined seek his fortune in Iceland. Turf-Einar, the youngest, then came forward and offered to go to the islands. Rognvald said: "Considering the kind of mother you have, slave-born on each side of her family, you are not likely to make much of a ruler. But I agree, the sooner you leave and the later you return the happier I'll be." His father's misgivings notwithstanding, Torf-Einarr succeeded in defeating the Danes and founded a dynasty which retained control of the islands for centuries after his death.

SEE: The complete History of Norse Rulers In Scotland

Sources

  1. Entered by Jean Maunder.

Wikipedia: Rollo

Christiansen, E. (2002). The Norsemen in the Viking Age. Blackwell Publishers Ltd. (2002)

Douglas, D.C.(1942). "Rollo of Normandy." English Historical Review, 57, pp. 414-436

Dudo of St. Quentin's Gesta Normannorum - An English Translation

Dudonis gesta Normannorum - Dudo of St. Quentin Gesta Normannorum Latin version at Bibliotheca Augustana

Fitzhugh, W.W. & Ward, E. (2000). Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga. Smithsonian Institution Press.

Helmerichs, R. (n.d.). Rollo as Historical Figure. N.p.

Jones, G. (2001). A History of the Vikings. Oxford University Press. Google Books.

McKitterick, R. (1983). The Frankish Kingdom under the Carolingians, pp.751-987. Longman.

Konstam, A. (2002). Historical Atlas of the Viking World. Checkmark Books.

Arbman, H. (1961). Ancient People and Places: The Vikings. Thames and Hudson. (1961)

Oxenstierna, E. (1965). The Norsemen, New York Graphics Society Publishers, Ltd.

Cawley, C. (2006). Medieval Lands v.3. fmg.ac.


Wace. Roman de Rou. [8]

Hrollaug Ragnvaldsson1 M, #104786 Last Edited=2 Jun 2001 Hrollaug Ragnvaldsson is the son of Ragnvald I 'the Wise' Eysteinsson, Earl of More and Groa (?).1 Citations [S106] Royal Genealogies Website (ROYAL92.GED), online ftp://ftp.cac.psu.edu/genealogy/public_html/royal/index.html. Hereinafter cited as Royal Genealogies Website. http://www.thepeerage.com/p10479.htm#i104786



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Images: 11
Rollo I Rognvaldsson of Normandie Image 1
Rollo I Rognvaldsson of Normandie Image 1

Rollo I Rognvaldsson of Normandie Image 2
Rollo I Rognvaldsson of Normandie Image 2

Normandy The Ganger Rolf Image 1
Normandy The Ganger Rolf Image 1

Ganger Rolf Normandie Image 1
Ganger Rolf Normandie Image 1

Rollo De Normandy Image 5
Rollo De Normandy Image 5

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On 25 Oct 2018 at 06:43 GMT Andrew Lancaster wrote:

1. We say we are disconnecting him from parents, but we keep calling him Ragnvaldsson? (And this does not help find him by searching. I just tried it.)

2. I have changed a few places where he is called Rollo "de" Normandie in to "of". The french word is not part of any title or surname either on Wikitree or elsewhere.

3. Our text uses one name form and assumes all records which might be one person, are one person. It also gives so sort of indication of where each snippet report came from in order to show readers how the story we present is a patchwork person. I really think this profile of all profiles needs name variant and source comments on each of the events, at least parenthetically?

On 19 Oct 2018 at 08:57 GMT Deborah (Smith) Talbot wrote:

The image of his tomb shows the engraving "

In sinu templi rollo quiescit a se vastatae conditae normanniae pater ac primus Dux labore qui fractus occubuit octogenario maior an cm xxxiii" which translates to "In the Gulf Temple Rollo laid to rest. Founding Father of Normandy and the first Duc who died an octogenarian 933. Perhaps we should consider changing his death date to 933 instead of 931.

On 19 Sep 2018 at 08:13 GMT C. Mackinnon wrote:

Ragnvaldsson-44 and Normandie-54 appear to represent the same person because: Both profiles represent Rolf Ganger. Use Normandie-54 since his parents are in dispute.

On 12 Jan 2018 at 01:52 GMT Dale Berry wrote:

Gange-Hrólfr 'Rollo' Ragnvaldsson, de Normandie 860

Direct ancestor, 33 generations Hrolf Rolo Ragnvaldsson Birth date: circa 860, Birth place: Maer, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway Died 927 (931) in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France Place of Burial: Rouen, Haute-Normandie, France Immediate Family: Son of Ragnvald Eysteinsson, Earl of Møre and Ragnhild 'Hild' Hrólfsdóttir, of More Husband of Poppa of Bayeux, Fiancé of Gisèle der Franken, lll. Ehe 912

On 12 Jan 2018 at 01:52 GMT Dale Berry wrote:

Partner of NN moður Kaðlins Rollo´s first wife or concubine

Father of William "Longsword"; Kaðlin Hrólfsdóttir, de Normandie; Geirlaug Adèle Hrólfsdóttir de Normandie, d'Aquitaine and Count Guillome de Rouen Brother of Ivar Ragnvaldsson Mørejarl; Thore 'The Silent'; Turstan Rognvaldsson of Bastenburg and Gutum Ragnvaldson, Half-brother of Einarr "Turf" Rǫgnvaldsson, Orkneyjarl; Hallad Ragnvaldsson Orkneyjarl, and Hrollaug Ragnvaldsson Eyjafjörður, Íslands Occupation: Duke of Normandy

On 27 Dec 2017 at 21:28 GMT Al Scott wrote:

On 29 Nov 2017 at 08:36 GMT Michael Griffiths wrote:

Greetings

You are my 31st Great Grandfather

Regards, Michael Griffiths, New Zealand

On 13 Aug 2017 at 15:49 GMT Vicki (McCrory) Kennedy wrote:

On 7 Aug 2017 at 14:39 GMT Vicki (McCrory) Kennedy wrote:

On 22 Aug 2016 at 12:39 GMT James LaLone wrote:

more comments


Rollo is 36 degrees from Rosa Parks, 33 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 23 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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