Categories: Milford, Connecticut.
Parents of Joseph:
Which Great MIgration Ship did Joseph sail on? A.J. Northrup lists "Hector and Martha", however it seems most likely that there were two ships, the Hector and the Martin. On the Hector is a listing for a Mathew Moulthrop, Francis Newman and Robert Newman. These are transcriptions, review of the actual manifest might be useful.
Joseph was born about 1620 in England. 
He emigrated in 1637 and settled in New Haven, Connecticut in April 1638.
He married Mary, daughter of Frances Norton. 
Joseph died 11 Sep 1669 in Milford.
It was the height of the tyrannus reign of Charles the First, and the persecutions of Laud, the prelate of the English Church, who sought to exterminate Puritans at the dissolution of the Parliament of 1629, that multitudes of Protestant non-conformists emigrated to America seeking refuge in a country where they might have freedom of conscience and worship. The great emigration began in 1630, and continued until about 1640.
Among these seekers for religious freedom were Eaton and Davenport's Company, " of good characters and fortunes." JOSEPH NORTHRUP, it is said on good authority, was a member of that company. They came from England in the ship "Hector and Martha", landing in Boston, July 26, 1637. The emmigrants of that period were, in great part, men of the professional and middle classes, some of them of large landed estate. The bulk, however, were God-fearing farmers from Lincolnshire, Hertfordshire, and Kent. It cannot be determined from which county Joseph came, perhaps from Yorkshire: and if of Sir Richard Saltonstall's company, as it has sometimes been asserted, this is highly probable.
Sir Richard Saltonstall's company had spent some time at Wethersfield, CT, having come there from Watertown, MA, but later came to New Haven. The Eaton and Davenport company, meanwhile had sailed down the coast from Boston, in search of good harbor, until they came to New Haven, where they found the object of their search, and remained at New Haven about a year.
In 1639, members from both companies formed the settlement of Milford, CT. The Hertfordshire and the Yorkshire emigrants seemed to have tended to Milford, while the others went to Guilford. The Reverend Peter Prudden, of the Saltonstall company, whose wife was from Egton, Yorkshire, went to Milford. He was much beloved, and many Yorkshiremen followed him
On Nov. 29, 1639, the little company who had come to Milford from New Haven, signed a document which laid the foundation for their government of the "plantation". It read: "Those persons whose names are hereunto written are allowed to be Free Planters, having for the present, the liberty to act in the choice of public officers, for the carrying on of public affairs of this plantation". Church membership was a condition of admission as a "free planter". Forty-four persons signed as such. Joseph Northrup, who was one of the company, was not then a church member, but with nine others was permitted to sign under the names of the full-fledged Free Planters. At a General Court (town meeting), held Nov. 24, 1640, the place was named "Milford". On Jan. 9, 1642, Joseph joined the "First Church of Milford" (organized at New Haven, Aug. 22, 1639, just before they came to Milford), and thereby became a rightful member of that privileged class.
He was married to Mary Norton about 1647. He died Sept. 11, 1669, thirty years after the settlement of Milford.
His will was dated Sept. 1, 1669. It mentions of his children only Joseph, Samuel, Jeremiah, and John. His wife survived him, and made her will Jan. 24, 1683, mentioning Joseph, Samuel, Jeremiah, (omits John, who probably was dead) Zophar, Daniel, William, and Mary- the latter two being in their minority- also her mother Norton. Inventory of estate dated Feb. 28, 1669.
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