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Harrison (O'Neil) O'Neal (1836 - 1913)

Harrison O'Neal formerly O'Neil
Born in Clinton County, Missourimap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 14 Oct 1858 in Leesville, TXmap
Descendants descendants
Died at age 76 in Gonzales, Texasmap
Profile last modified | Created 12 Jan 2010
This page has been accessed 640 times.

Census: 1860, Gonzales Co., TXpg 8 Census: 1870, Gonzales Co., TXpg 479 Cattle Brand registered - Gonzales Co., TX Vol A pg 416 - June 18, 1862 Occupation: Stockraiser.


George Washington and Mary had at least 8 children, the first of which was born when Washington was about 18 years old. The children are: Henry B. b. 1829, William b. December 3, 1832, George Washington, Jr. b. February 7, 1834, Harrison b. April 14, 1836, John b. abt. 1838-1839, Mary Ann b. September 7, 1841, Miles b. February 22, 1845, and Calvin b. abt. 1850. If you refer to the narrative on Washington’s parents, Darius and Polly, you can see that George Washington named his children after his siblings. In approximately 1833, George Washington took his family and pioneered westward to Clinton Co., Missouri. He homesteaded in Clinton Co., MO, for 10 years. He is listed on the 1840 census of Clinton Co., Missouri on page 50. After many hard winters, the family sold out in 1843 and caught a riverboat at Kansas City. By this time, they would have had 2 children, Henry B. and William, born in Tennessee, and 4 children, G.W. Jr., Harrison, John, and Mary Ann, born in Missouri. The O’Neills, with their 6 children, traveled down the Missouri River by boat to St. Louis and then down the Mississippi River to where Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi meet. There they purchased a wagon and joined a wagon train bound for Texas. It is believed that their original destination was the coastal region of Texas, but a breaking of a wagon wheel in Leesville, Gonzales County, TX, area delayed the wagon. By the time the repairs could be made, the family had decided to stay and had found a home in the community of Leesville. They had arrived in Texas in 1845, some 2 years after leaving Missouri. In addition, Mary was pregnant during part of the travels, which may have contributed to the family settling down in Leesville rather than pushing on to the Gulf coast. Their son Miles was born February 22, 1845.

The 1850 census of Gonzales County, Texas, town of Gonzales lists J.W. Oneill, 38 years old born in Virginia as head of household. It is believed that, once again, the census recorder misspelled the name believing the name George begins with a “J”. His wife, Mary is listed as a female 40 years of age born in Tennessee. Henry, 21, born in Tennessee, William, 18, born in Tennessee, George 16, born in Missouri, John, 12, born in Missouri, Mary Ann, 10 born in Missouri, and Miles 4, born in Texas are also listed in the household. At the time the census was completed, Calvin must not have been born.

Census: 1850, WITH PARENTS & SIBLINGS - Gonzales Co., TX Belmont, pg 11 Fam #87 O'Neill, J.W. 38 M VA stock raiser O'Neill, Mary 40 F TN O'Neill, Henry 21 M TN O'Neill, Wm 18 M TN O'Neill, Garge 16 M MO (George) O'Neill, Harrison 14 M MO O'Neill, John 12 M MO O'Neill, Mary Ann 10 M MO O'Neill, Miles 4 M TX

Census: 1860 WITH WIFE & DAUGHTER - Gonzales Co, TX Belmont- Oneal, H (25) Oneal, Susan (17) Oneal, Julia (9/12)

  • 1860 Census shows George W Oneal as family #46; Geo W Oneal Jr with Sally & as family #47; Wm Oneal as family #48, H Oneal with Amanda as family #49;

The Civil War began on April 12, 1861. Six of George Washington’s 7 sons were Confederate soldiers – only Calvin was too young, age 11 at the beginning of the war. However, Harrison, after volunteering for the Sandies Home Guard with his brothers, stayed behind. It could be that Harrison stayed behind to take care of his brothers’ families and his parents’ endeavors at home. George Washington was about 51 at the time and did not volunteer for service. Also, Mary was about 54 with still one child, Calvin, at home.

1870 Census: HARRISON WITH WIFE & CHILDREN - Gonzales, TX - Oneill, Harrison (34); Oneill, Susan (26); Oneill, Julia (11); Oneill, Albert (9); Oneill, Henry (7); Oneill, Lilly (5); Oneill, Laura (3); Oneill, Calvin (6/12);

  • 1870 Census, Harrison's family was living next to William's family

1880 Census: HARRISON WITH WIFE & CHILDREN - Gonzales, TX - O'neal, Harrison (43) - head; b. in MO O'neal, Susan (37) - wife; b. in AR O'neal, Henry (17) - son; O'neal, Lura (12) - daughter; O'neal, Calvin (10) - son; O'neal, Darius (8) - son; O'neal, Mattie (6) - daughter; O'neal, William (4) - son O'neal, Ralph (10/12) - son

1900 Census: HARRISON WITH WIFE & CHILDREN - Gonzales, TX, Oneill, Harrison (64) married in 1860 (40 yrs); Oneill, Susan (58) - wife; Oneill, Dee (26) - son; Oneill, Ralph (20) - son;

  • 1900 Census, Harrison's family living next to George & Elizabeth (his nephew by his brother William), Gage & Ona (great nephew by his brother William), William with Eliza (his brother), and Frank with Carrie (nephew by his brother William)

Death Jan 30, 1913, buried at Caraway Cemetery, Leesville, Gonzales Co, TX Find a grave memorial # 25600955



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The Civil War began on April 12, 1861. The Texas state legislature authorized volunteer military companies on February 15, 1858, but by the time the war started, the Texas Legislature passed an act requiring all “able-bodied men between the ages of 18 to 50, with certain exceptions, to enroll for defense and be subject to call of the Confederate Government”. One of the volunteer companies that organized in Gonzales County was the Sandies Home Guard. The Sandies Home Guard was organized June 22, 1861. Henry, at the age of 32, along with 5 of his brothers, William (28), George Washington Jr. (27), Harrison (25), John (22 or 23), and Miles (16), volunteered for the Sandies Home Guard. Their younger brother, Calvin, was only 11 at the time. The brothers are listed as privates under Captain Michael Erskine. The guard’s name probably came from Sandies Creek or Sandies Hill in Leesville, TX. Then, in 1862, all the brothers, except Harrison and Calvin, enlisted into the Confederate Army and served until the end of the war. George W., John, Miles, and William all served in the 36th Cavalry Company D. However, other sources list them serving in the Texas Mounted Riflemen, which later came to be known as Company D of the 32nd Regiment Texas Volunteer Cavalry. Although Harrison volunteered for the Sandies, he did not volunteer for the Confederate Army. It may be that he stayed behind to take care of the O’Neill families left behind and his parents, George Washington, Sr. and Mary who were in their 50’s with one child, Calvin, still at home. Henry was not on the roll with his brothers and there is no clear reason why this is. His company ended up being Company A, 4th Regiment of the Texas Cavalry C.S.A., and then that group formed a part of the Brigade of General Thomas Green in 1863.
posted 2 Jul 2015 by Kelly (O'Neill) Gottsponer   [thank Kelly]
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Harrison by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Harrison:

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My 2nd great-grandfather

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